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В разделе собрана информация о статьях по экономике, социологии и менеджменту. Во многих случаях приводятся полные тексты статей. (подробнее...)

Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 1405

Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2006
Игорь Владимирович Верстаков Внешнеэкономические связи. 2005.  Т. 15. № 3. С. 46-49. 
В статье рассказывается об производственном комплексе по переработке попутного нефтяного газа в Западной Сибири, истории его создания, основных задачах и функциях, перспективах развития нефтедобывающей отрасли, приведена принципиальная схема размещения газоперерабатывающих комплексов ОАО «СИБУР-Тюмень» и их взаимосвязь с месторождениями нефтяных компаний.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2011
Александр Перов Бюллетень Инновационные Тренды. 2011.  № 5. С. 8-9. 
Если  судить  по  сообщениям  СМИ,  то  складывается ощущение, что главный инновационный тренд в сфере генерирования энергии – развитие возобновляемых источников энергии (ВИЭ). Тем более что альтернативная энергетика  и  энергосбережение  –  те  направления,  которые  очень  активно  стимулируются  правительствами западных стран. Между тем ажиотаж вокруг темы альтернативной энергетики в значительной степени искусственный.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2005
Ralph J. Christy Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1993.  Vol. 25. No. 1. P. 1-13. 
This address is directed toward applied economists as they provide information to private and public decision makers, Central to this discussion is the role of markets as institutions in achieving society’s desired ends. Current “economic correctness’’--the view that unfettered markets are superior in achieving efficiency, growth, and welfare--has attempted to return a larger role to the private sector, but the relative roles of market-oriented versus government-oriented solutions to problems are often not well appraised. Views presented herein calls for agricultural economists to move simultaneously toward an understanding of the strategic behavior of firms in imperfectly competitive markets and toward an adoption of policy analysis consistent with a socially complex and globally integrated economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-02-2005
Shida Rastegari Henneberry, Raymond Joe Schatzer, Yousif El Beheisi Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 159-171. 
The impact of hypothetical changes in yields, costs, and demand that might result from the organization of Oklahoma vegetable growers into cooperatives or other multifarmer marketing associations is estimated using a sector programming model. A comparative static analysis is used to evaluate the impact of these changes on planted acreage, growers’ revenues, and consumers’ and producers’ surplus. The results of this analysis indicate that changes in demand are most effective in increasing revenues for Oklahoma growers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Zhikang You, J.E. Epperson, Chung-Liang Huang Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1996.  Vol. 27. No. 3. P. 11-22. 
Price and expenditure elasticities at retail level for 11 fresh fruits and 10 fresh vegetables were estimated by employing a composite demand system approach and using annual data. Most fresh fruits and vegetables were found to respond significantly to changes in their own prices but insignificantly to changes in total expenditures. The demand for fresh fruit group appeared to have had a clear upward trend since 1973. However, no significant trends were found in the demands for individual fresh fruits or vegetables. The study partially incorporated the interdependent demand relationships between fresh fruits (vegetables) and all other commodities, yet effectively avoided the problem of insufficient degrees of freedom.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005
R. Wes Harrison, Aylin Ozayan, Samuel P. Meyers Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 258-265. 
Attributes for two value-added seafood products derived from underutilized crawfish are analyzed using conjoint data from seafood restaurants in the southern region of the United States. Preferences for the products’ form, price, and flavor attributes were tested. Statistical tests revealed that the attribute interactions were not significant, and part-worth utilities for all main effects were estimated using an additive preference model. Results indicate that the new crawfish products should be marketed as a high-quality fresh soup base or seafood stuffing, priced between 30% and 50% of the cost of fresh crawfish tail meat.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-02-2005
Christopher Gan, E. Jane Luzar Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1993.  Vol. 25. No. 2. P. 36-45. 
Conjoint valuation approach analysis, widely used in marketing research, offers an alternative resource suited to outdoor recreation activities characterized as multiattribute. Design, implementation, and interpretation of conjoint analysis are reviewed in the context of recreation applications. Conjoint analysis is used in an analysis of waterfowl hunting in Louisiana. Using primary data collected from a survey of waterfowl hunters, ordered logit is used to estimate willingness-to-pay for recreation experience attributes.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005
Patricia A. Duffy, Kasazi Shalishali, Henry W. Kinnucan Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994.  Vol. 26. No. 2. P. 367-378. 
An expected utility model that includes output price and yield uncertainly was used to estimate cotton, corn, and soybean acreage response equations for the Southeast. The model appeared to fit the soybean and corn data well, resulting in own-price elasticity estimates of 0.317 for com and 0.727 for soybeans. When applied to cotton acreage, however, the model did not yield satisfactory results. When elasticity was allowed to changeover time, however, statistical results for the cotton equation improved, yielding an own-price elasticity of 0.915 at data means.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2005
Darcy A. Hartman, Dennis R. Henderson, Ian M. Sheldon Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1993.  Vol. 24. No. 1.
This paper analyzes the determinants of variation across industries in levels of intraindustry trade (IIT) for a sample of 36 U.S. processed food and beverage industries in 1987, previous studies of intra-industry trade having focussed on industry characteristics in the manufacturing sectors. The determinants predicted by IIT theory are measures of product differentiation, economies of scale, and imperfect competition; the results of this analysis indicate that IIT variation across the food and beverage industries is positively related to product differentiation, U.S. total trade, similarity of tariff barriers among trade partners, and economies of scope, but negatively related to industry concentration.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2003
Thomas O. Knight, Keith H. Coble Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1999.  Vol. 31. No. 3. P. 519-535. 
This paper examines the effects of optional subdivision on APHP losses for wheat, corn, and soybeans. Thirty-seven state/crop programs are analyzed and the implications of the results are discussed in relation to newly developed crop and revenue insurance programs. The results illustrate the importance of incorporating actuarial experience into the premium rate structure and contract provisions of an insurance program.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-02-2005
Lawrence L. Falconer, Charles R. Long, James M. McGrann Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 180-192. 
The beef cattle investment decision provides an excellent opportunity to increase the economic efficiency of beef cattle production. The investment questions that face beef cattle producers are of interest to beef cattle producers, educators, and financial institutions involved in lending to beef cattle producing firms. This study develops a decision support aid utilizing expert system technology to assist beef cattle producers in making well-founded investment decisions with respect to the firm’s beef cattle herd.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003
Walter Y. Oi Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1971.  Vol. 85. P. 77-96. 
Examines the two-part tariffs for the monopoly pricing of amusement park rides at Disneyland in California. Effect of a monopoly on prices; Determination of a nondiscriminatory two-part tariff; Applications of the two-part tariffs. (From Ebsco)
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-11-2007
Leif Danziger Kiel Working Papers. 2007.  No. 1340.
This paper analyzes the optimal adjustment strategy of an inventory-holding firm facing price- and quantity-adjustment costs in an inflationary environment. The model nests both the original menu-cost model that allows production to be costlessly adjusted, and the later model that includes price- and quantity-adjustment costs, but rules out inventory holdings. The firm’s optimal adjustment strategy may involve stockouts. At low inflation rates, output is inversely related to the inflation rate, and the length of time demand is satisfied decreases with the absolute value of the demand elasticity, the storage cost, and the real interest rate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-11-2003
Michael Demoussis, Vassilis Mihalopoulos Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2001.  Vol. 33. No. 1.
Use of the Tobit model for estimation of adult equivalent scale (AES) parameters and expenditure equations presupposes that zero observations represent exclusively corner solutions. This paper tests for the underlying causes of zero observations and estimates accordingly the AES parameters, the household size in adult equivalents and the resulting expenditure equations and consumption profiles. The empirical application concerns Greek household “soft” and “hard” cheese consumption. The statistical results indicate that for the examined cheese categories the “double hurdle participation” model adjusted for non-normality and heteroskedasticity is the appropriate model for the estimation of AES parameters.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003
Lester G. Telser Journal of Political Economy. 1964.  Vol. 72. P. 537-562. 
Предмет статьи - рассмотрение утверждения о несовместимости рекламы, как элемента стратегии фирмы в конкурентной борьбе, с конкуренцией как теоретической конструкцией. Работа основывается на анализе эмпирических данных (показатели концентрации, доли рынка, размеры фирм) для компаний и товаров с разным уровнем расходов на рекламную деятельность. Статья, основным выводом которой стало утверждение, что обратная зависимость между степенью конкуренции и интенсивностью рекламы не имеет под собой оснований, послужила основой для многих последующих работ в этой области.
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