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Финансовая экономика - это область теоретико-прикладных знаний о законах функционирования финансовых потоков и отношений между всеми субъектами экономической системы... (подробнее...)

Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 973

Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2010
J. Meinstring TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2010.  Т. 8. № 1. С. 156-157. 
Предтеча раннего американского институционализма Дж. Мэйнстринг прославился введением в категориальный аппарат экономической науки абстракции «cistern» («бачок»), которая в короткий срок завоевала симпатии мировой экономической мысли. Публикацией стенограммы знаменитого выступления проф. Мэйнстринга на симпозиуме экономистов вирджинских университетов (1893 год) наш журнал надеется закрыть досадный пробел в дефинициях отечественной экономической теории, добавив мэйнстринговский «бачок» к таким фундаментальным категориям, как «правило 70», «правило левого буравчика», «правило золотого сечения», «правило храповика» и проч.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2004
Елена Владимировна Устюжанина Экономическая наука современной России. 2001.  № 2. С. 74-95. 
Статья посвящена исследованию процесса трансформации отношений собственности, происходящего в нашей стране на протяжении последних 15 лет. На основе анализа изменения законодательства и складывающейся практики применения права обсуждаются особенности института собственности, существующего в России в настоящее время. Особое внимание уделяется вопросу взаимоотношений власти и новых собственников.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2005
Антон Соколов Директор-инфо. 2002.  № 1.
Любой инвестиционный проект начинается с бизнес-плана, который подробно описывает технологическую и организационную сторону проведения проекта, механизм генерирования доходов, рассматривает систему внутренних и внешних факторов, влияющих на прибыльность проекта. В нем также дается заключение об эффективности вложений при различных уровнях требуемой инвестором доходности. Проблема планирования бизнеса слишком обширна. Поэтому автор останавливается на одном из аспектов, а именно основных показателях эффективности инвестиционного проекта. Оценка эффективности инвестиционного проекта призвана определить, насколько цена приобретаемого актива (размер вложений) соответствует будущим доходам с учетом рисков проекта.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-02-2006
Игорь Викторович Корзенков Российский журнал менеджмента. 2005.  Т. 3. № 3. С. 164-166. 
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2004
Seymour Smidt Journal of Finance. 1979.  Vol. 34. No. 3. P. 675-688. 
This paper considers some special problems that arise because the net present value of a project cannot be determined with certainty in advance. One problem that will be considered in this paper is whether the minimal acceptable forecast value should be equal to zero or to some other number in order to maximize the expected net present value of the projects that are accepted. The second problem concerns post-audits.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-09-2004
Bernhard Schwab, Peter Lusztig Journal of Finance. 1969.  Vol. 24. No. 3. P. 507-516. 
Recent contributors in managerial finance have very largely been concerned with the more challenging of valuation and capital structure. As a consequence, several controversial but less provoking issues remain shelved and unresolved. This paper is essentially directed at one such issue - the merits of alternative criteria for measuring the economic desirability of investments (both individual investment propositions and aggregate investment portfolios), in particular the net present value on the one hand and various benefit-cost ratios on the other. While these various measures are based on the same fundamental concept - recognizing the time value of money - and are, therefore, related to each other, they are different enough to yield contradictory results in a number of situations. It is the purpose of this article to analyze systematically these various measures of economic desirability, defining the conditions under which they yield equivalent results and the conditions under which their results are contradictory, and, as a consequence, to determine the validity of their application to the economic evaluation of investments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Mary R. Hardy, Harry H. Panjer Astin Bulletin. 1998.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 269-283. 
Bühlmann-Straub credibility is used to find an estimate of the mortality loss ratio for a company, relative to a standard table, for use in the statutory valuation of life insurance business. A method for calculating the margin for adverse deviation to be added to the mortality rate (in accordance with the general principle of Canadian statutory valuation) is derived. Applying credibility further to the variance of the mortality loss ratio gives a methodology for calculating the amount of the surplus (i.e. capital) required to cover annual fluctuations in mortality experience. The necessary structural parameters are calculated from industry statistics; the methodology is illustrated using Canadian life insurance data.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2004
Phoebus J. Dhrymes, Irwin Friend, N. Bulent Gultekin Journal of Finance. 1984.  Vol. 39. No. 2. P. 323-346. 
This paper demonstrates that the Roll and Ross (RR) and other previously published tests of the APT are subject to several basic limitations. There is a general nonequivalence of factor analyzing small groups of securities and factor analyzing a group of securities sufficiently large for the APT model to hold. It is found that as one increases the number of securities, the number of "factors" determined increases. This increase in the number of "factors" with larger groups of securities cannot readily be explained by a distinction between "priced" and "nonpriced" risk factors as it is impermissible to carry out tests on whether a given "risk factor is priced" using factor analytic procedures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-10-2003
Richard Roll Journal of Financial Economics. 1977.  Vol. 4. No. 2. P. 129-176. 
Testing the two-parameter asset pricing theory is difficult (and currently infeasible). Due to a mathematical equivalence between the individual return/beta'linearity relation and the market portfolio's mean-variance efficiency, any valid test presupposes complete knowledge of the true market portfolio's composition. This implies, inter alia, that every individual asset must be included in a correct test. Errors of inference inducible by incomplete tests are discussed and some ambiguities in published tests are explained.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Jesper Thyssen, Poul Israelsen, Brian Jorgensen International Journal of Production Economics. 2006. 
The paper accounts for an Activity-Based Costing (ABC) analysis supporting decision-making concerning product modularity. The ABC analysis carried out is communicated to decision-makers by telling how much higher the variable cost of the multi-purpose module can be compared to the average variable cost for the product-unique modules that it substitutes to break even in total cost. The analysis provides the platform for stating three general rules of cost efficiency of modularization, which in combination identify the highest profit potential of product modularization. Finally the analysis points to problems of using ABC in costing modularity, i.e. handling of R&D costs and identification of product profitability upon an enhanced modularization.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Xavier Adsera, Pere Vinolas Financial Analysts Journal. 2003.  Vol. 59. No. 2.
This paper presents a financial and economic approach to valuation. In addition to traditional discounted cash flow methods, one family of valuation models, economic value added (EVA) and other franchise factor approaches, has become a favorite methodology for corporate valuation. In EVA approaches, the key value driver is the spread between the return on the existing investments and their average cost of capital. Therefore, this approach focuses on the left-hand side of the balance sheet. The important aspect of this issue is not its technical interest or which of the different values of a company is correct, but what the value drivers are that each method identifies
Опубликовано на портале: 06-10-2004
Clifford P. Stephens, Michael Steven Weisbach Journal of Finance. 1998.  Vol. 53. No. 1. P. 313-333. 
Unlike Dutch auction repurchases and tender offers, open-market repurchase programs do not precommit firms to acquire a specified number of shares. In a sample of 450 programs from 1981 to 1990, firms on average acquire 74 to 82 percent of the shares announced as repurchase targets within three years of the repurchase announcement. We find that share repurchases are negatively related to prior stock price performance, suggesting that firms increase their purchasing depending on its degree of perceived undervaluation. In addition, repurchases are positively related to levels of cash flow, which is consistent with liquidity arguments.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 26-10-2004
Francis Koh, Terry Walter Journal of Financial Economics. 1989.  Vol. 23. No. 2. P. 251-272. 
Unique data availability and institutional arrangements for new issues in Singapore allow a direct test of the empirical implications of Rock's model of pricing unseasoned new issues. Our empirical results are consistent with the model. Specifically we find that the unseasoned new issues' anomaly disappears when the rationing associated with new issues is incorporated into the analysis. The winner's curse is evident in allocation patterns used in Singapore.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
James S. Wallace Journal of Accounting and Economics. 1997.  Vol. 24. No. 3. P. 275-300 . 
Managers, consultants, and the financial press assert that compensation plans based on residual income change managers' behavior. This assertion is empirically tested by selecting a sample of firms that began using a residual income performance measure in their compensation plans and comparing their performance to a control sample of firms that continue to use traditional accounting earnings-based incentives. The results generally support the adage ‘you get what you measure and reward'. The results also support many hypothesized managerial actions associated with residual income-based performance measure incentives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006
Balasingham Balachandran, Robert W. Faff, Sally Tanner Australian Economic Papers. 2005.  Vol. 44. No. 3. P. 248-268. 
We examine the price and volatility reaction around stock dividend ex-dates for an Australian sample, over the period January 1992 to December 2000. We find that price reaction around stock dividend ex-dates provides positive abnormal returns both prior, and subsequent, to the abolishment of par value of shares in July 1998. When we partitioned the sample into financial, industrial non-financial and mining firms, the price reaction is found to be positive and significant only for industrial non-financial companies. Volatility of daily returns for periods subsequent to ex-dates is significantly greater than corresponding periods prior to announcement dates, while cumulative raw returns subsequent to ex-dates are significantly lower than periods prior to announcement dates for industrial non-financial companies. The magnitude of the price reaction is statistically significantly related to an increase in the volatility of daily returns and to a reduction in cumulative raw returns subsequent to the ex-dates, for industrial non-financial companies. These findings support buying pressure hypothesis suggested by Dhatt et al. (1994, 1996)
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