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Финансовая экономика - это область теоретико-прикладных знаний о законах функционирования финансовых потоков и отношений между всеми субъектами экономической системы... (подробнее...)

Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 974

Опубликовано на портале: 25-11-2008
Franklin Allen, Mengxin Zhao PKU Business Review. 2007.  Vol. 36. No. 7. P. 98-102. 
In the U.S. and U.K. corporate governance is concerned with the narrow goal of ensuring that firms maximize the wealth of shareholders. In Japan and some other countries, firms are concerned with a broader group of stakeholders, including employees, suppliers, customers and others as well as shareholders. This article contrasts the Anglo-American system of corporate governance with that in Japan and elsewhere. If markets and institutions are well developed and competitive, Anglo-American corporate governance ensures an efficient allocation of resources. In other circumstances, focusing on a wider range of stakeholders as the Japanese do can be more efficient.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2007
Guillermo A. Calvo, Enrique Gabriel Estrada Mendoza Journal of International Economics. 2000.  Vol. 51. No. 1. P. 79-113. 
This paper argues that globalization may promote contagion by weakening incentives forgathering costly information and by strengthening incentives for imitating arbitrary market portfolios. In the presence of short-selling constraints, the gain of gathering information at a fixed cost may diminish as markets grow. Moreover, if a portfolio manager's marginal cost for yielding below-market returns exceeds the marginal gain for above-market returns, there is a range of optimal portfolios in which all investors imitate arbitrary market portfolios and this range widens as the market grows. Numerical simulations suggest that these frictions can have significant implications for capital flows in emerging markets
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Rainer Strack, Ulrich Villis European Management Journal. 2002.  Vol. 20. No. 2.
Many companies have introduced new value-based methods such as the EVA™ or CVA concept for strategic and operational control. However, these concepts are still strongly focused on investment capital and can hardly explain and manage value creation in today’s service and knowledge economy. This article presents a new, integrated value management concept (RAVE™) for managing human capital (Workonomics™), customer capital (Custonomics™), and supplier capital (Supplynomics), all in a value-oriented and quantitative way. All of these concepts are anchored in CVA/EVA and thus culminate in the same central controlling metric. After outlining the concept, the authors illustrate its application and practical benefits with specific examples.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Reappearing Dividends [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-06-2006
Brandon R. Julio, David L. Ikenberry Working Paper Series (SSRN). 2004. 
During the last two decades of the 20th century, the propensity of U.S. firms to pay cash dividends declined significantly. Exacerbated by a sharp increase in stock repurchases, the trend away from dividends accelerated during the late 1990s leading some authors to conclude that dividend policy was shifting in a very fundamental way. This trend makes a sharp reversal starting in 2000. We investigate five possible reasons for why dividends are reappearing. Given the explosion in new firms during the 1990s, we find that a portion of this rebound is explained by the "maturity hypothesis." A simple model that relies only on maturity factors also forecasts a recent turn in dividend payout. Further, we also find that some firms may have chosen to use dividends as a signal of "confidence" in the wake of investor concerns over corporate governance. Finally, firms have responded to the Bush dividend tax cut as one might expect, yet this story is not complete as the rebound in the dividends starts well before tax reform occurred. We do not find much support for the idea that the recent rebound is due simply to managers catering to the whims of investors, nor to a decrease in the availability of good investment projects. One hesitates to read too much into this rebound, yet our evidence is consistent with the idea that corporate payout policy appears to be shifting back in favor of conventional cash dividends.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Refocusing the IMF [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-10-2004
Martin S. Feldstein Foreign Affairs. 1998.  Vol. 77. No. 2.
Initially devised to maintain a system of fixed exchange rates, the IMF took on a new role during the Latin American debt crisis of the 1980s-providing moderate amounts of credit, facilitating debt renegotiations, and recommending responsible macroeconomic policies. But the IMF is also applying the lessons of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, where a fundamental economic restructuring was necessary, to Asia. So in Korea, for example, the fund called for reform of inefficient conglomerates and inflexible labor laws. However beneficial in the long run, such changes are not needed to resolve the current crisis. By stepping in too far and too soon, the IMF discourages countries from seeking modest help. Even worse, it encourages bankers to undertake more risky loans, making another crisis more likely.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006
Clinton A. Vince, Sherry A. Quirk, Richard A. Glick The Electricity Journal. 1990.  Vol. 3. No. 10. P. 56-67. 
There is now a conspicuous gap in regulation of holding company systems. This proposal for multistate involvement in these systems' planning processes would restore balance to the state-federal regulatory relationship.
Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Narasimhan Jegadeesh, Sheridan Titman Journal of Finance. 1993.  Vol. 48. No. 1. P. 65-91. 
This paper documents that strategies which buy stocks that have performed well in the past and sell stocks that have performed poorly in the past generate significant positive returns over 3- to 12-month holding periods. We find that the profitability of these strategies are not due to their systematic risk or to delayed stock price reactions to common factors. However, part of the abnormal returns generated in the first year after portfolio formation dissipates in the following two years. A similar pattern of returns around the earnings announcements of past winners and losers is also documented
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Patricia M. Dechow, Richard G. Sloan Journal of Financial Economics. 1997.  Vol. 43. No. 1. P. 3-27. 
This paper examines the ability of naive investor expectations models to explain the higher returns to contrarian investment strategies. Contrary to Lakonishok, Shleifer, and Vishny (1994), we find no systematic evidence that stock prices reflect naive extrapolation of past trends in earnings and sales growth. Building on Bauman and Dowen (1988) and La Porta (1995), however, we find that stock prices appear to naively reflect analysts' biased forecasts of future earnings growth. Further, we find that naive reliance on analysts' forecasts of future earnings growth can explain over half of the higher returns to contrarian investment strategies
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 13-10-2003
Иван Вадимович Розмаинский
В данной работе Розмаинского И.В. рассматрвиается влияние политики шоковой терапии на коллапс инвестиций в переходной экономике России.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004
Eugene F. Fama, James D. MacBeth Journal of Political Economy. 1973.  Vol. 81. No. 3. P. 607-636. 
This paper tests the relationship between average return and risk for New York Stock Exchange common stocks. The theoretical basis of the tests is the "two-parameter" portfolio model and models of market equilibrium derived from the two-parameter portfolio model. We cannot reject the hypothesis of these models that the pricing of common stocks reflects the attempts of risk-averse investors to hold portfolios that are "efficient" in terms of expected value and dispersion of return. Moreover, the observed "fair game" properties of the coefficients and residuals of the risk-return regressions are consistent with an "efficient capital market"--that is, a market where prices of securities
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Russia's true imports? [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
S -E Ollus, H Simola Экономический журнал ВШЭ. 2007.  Т. 11. № 2. С. 200-212. 
Russian authorities give two official figures for imports of goods to Russia. Russian Customs registers values stated in customs declarations, while the Central Bank of Russia adds in its estimate of grey imports to obtain an overall import figure. Using mirror statistics of Russia’s main trading partners, we suggest that grey imports are in fact higher than the CBR estimate. Hence, official statements of trade and current account surpluses should be reduced to better reflect Russia’s actual external balance. This would also imply less capital outflow from Russia than suggested by current estimates.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Mark G. Brown Euromoney. 2005.  Vol. 36. No. 433. P. 29. 
This article focuses on the leveraged buyout (LBO) market in Europe. Two contrasting European leveraged buyouts have shown how the leveraged finance market is developing in 2005. While ideas like Cablecom's refinancing and Greece's first ever LBO are being funded largely in the bond markets, the secondary buyout of German motorway service station chain Tank & Rast backed the trend and used senior debt. Allianz Capital Partners, Lufthansa and funds advised by Apax Partners agreed to sell their shares in Tank & Rast to British private-equity house Terra Firma Capital Partners in November 2004. Terra had been looking at the acquisition for more than a year. Meanwhile,JP Morgan and Deutsche Bank are acting as arrangers and bookrunners on the LBO of 80.87% in Telecom Italia's Greek mobile operator Tim Hellas Communications.
Опубликовано на портале: 14-06-2006
Mark G. Brown Euromoney. 2005.  Vol. 36. No. 433. P. 29-29. 
This article focuses on the leveraged buyout (LBO) market in Europe. Two contrasting European leveraged buyouts have shown how the leveraged finance market is developing in 2005. While ideas like Cablecom's refinancing and Greece's first ever LBO are being funded largely in the bond markets, the secondary buyout of German motorway service station chain Tank & Rast backed the trend and used senior debt. Allianz Capital Partners, Lufthansa and funds advised by Apax Partners agreed to sell their shares in Tank & Rast to British private-equity house Terra Firma Capital Partners in November 2004. Terra had been looking at the acquisition for more than a year. Meanwhile,JP Morgan and Deutsche Bank are acting as arrangers and bookrunners on the LBO of 80.87% in Telecom Italia's Greek mobile operator Tim Hellas Communications.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 20-06-2006
Gerald J. Lobo, Dean Crawford, Diana R. Franz Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. 2006.  Vol. Forthcoming.
The retained earnings hypothesis predicts that stock distributions accounted for by reducing retained earnings are a more credible signal of managerial optimism than stock distributions that do not reduce retained earnings. This study examines the costs of false signaling that are a necessary precondition for the hypothesis and finds them to be generally very small. The absence of the requisite costs of false signaling calls the validity of the hypothesis into question for most firms. However, prior studies have reported broad-based market evidence consistent with the retained earnings hypothesis. To resolve this apparent inconsistency, this study replicates and extends tests of the retained earnings hypothesis contained in three prior studies. It shows that the findings in support of the retained earnings hypothesis can be attributed to specification and measurement choices that bias the results in favor of the hypothesis. The support for the retained earnings hypothesis is weaker when the sources of the bias are removed. However, some support for the hypothesis remains for a limited set of distributing firms.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006
Susana Álvarez, Víctor M. González Journal of Business Finance & Accounting. 2005.  Vol. 32. No. 1/2. P. 325-350. 
Academic research into firms that have gone public has focused on the study of two anomalies: initial underpricing and long-run underperformance. We analyse Spanish Initial Public Offerings to provide additional evidence on the long-run performance of IPOs and its relationship with initial underpricing. Results reveal the existence of negative long-run abnormal stock returns, in line with the international literature. Long-run performance presents a positive relationship with underpricing and the volume of funds obtained in seasoned offerings, in consonance with the predictions of,and.