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Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 38

Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Roelof Salomons, Henk Grootveld Emerging Markets Review. 2003.  Vol. 4. No. 2. P. 121-145. 
This article gives an empirical view of the ex post equity risk premium in a number of international markets with special attention to emerging ones. Our study yields interesting implications for finance. Conform expectations we find that the equity risk premium in emerging markets is significantly higher than in developed markets. However, the extent to which emerging stock markets reward investors varies through time. We observe that the time varying nature of the equity risk premium relates more to economic cycles than to the presence of some sort of structural break based on stock market liberalisations. The distribution of equity risk premium in emerging market is neither normally nor symmetrically distributed, which suggests that investors should focus more on downside risk instead of standard deviations.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Jeffrey A. Pittman, Kenneth J. Klassen Journal of American Taxation Association. 2001.  Vol. 23. No. 2. P. 70-94. 
Extant empirical research on firms' adjustment to their optimal capital structures is cross-sectional. However, Scholes and Wolfson (1989) argue that refinancing costs that accumulate with age increasingly impede firms from restoring their optimal capital structures. This study provides evidence on the time-series variation in the rate at which firms move toward their leverage targets that is consistent with this prediction. In separate tests, age is measured from two dates—from firms' initial public offerings and from their incorporation—to examine whether the duration of their public and private experience, respectively, affect the evolution in financial policies. This paper contributes to the literature by developing a research design that isolates the influence of dynamic refinancing costs on the leverage adjustment problem. The evidence also justifies future research on Scholes and Wolfson's (1989) predictions about the time-series pattern in firms' tax shields by empirically validating that refinancing costs increasingly constrain their capital structures.
Опубликовано на портале: 26-10-2007
Stephen L. Ross, Xiaozhing Liang, John P. Harding Department of Economics University of Connecticut: Working papers. 2007.  No. 2007-29.
The capital structure and regulation of financial intermediaries is an important topic for practitioners, regulators and academic researchers. In general, theory predicts that firms choose their capital structures by balancing the benefits of debt (e.g., tax and agency benefits) against its costs (e.g., bankruptcy costs). This paper studies the impact and interaction of deposit insurance, capital requirements and tax benefits on a bank's choice of optimal capital structure. Using a contingent claims model to value the firm and its associated claims, we find that there exists an interior optimal capital ratio in the presence of deposit insurance, taxes and a minimum fixed capital standard as long as there is a significant financial burden associated with violating capital requirements. Banks voluntarily choose to maintain capital in excess of the minimum required in order to balance the risks of insolvency (especially to future tax benefits) against the benefits of additional debt. Because our model includes all three contingent claims, our results differ from those of previous studies of the capital structure of banks that have generally found corner solutions (all equity or all debt) to the capital structure problem.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 26-08-2007
Sheridan Titman, Ayla Kayhan Journal of Financial Economics. 2006.  Vol. Forthcoming.
This paper examines how cash flows, investment expenditures and stock price histories affect debt ratios. Consistent with earlier work, we find that these variables have a substantial influence on changes in capital structure. Specifically, stock price changes and financial deficits (i.e., the amount of external capital raised) have strong influences on capital structure changes, but in contrast to previous conclusions, we find that over long horizons their effects are partially reversed. These results indicate that although firms' histories strongly influence their capital structures, over time their capital structures tend to move towards target debt ratios that are consistent with the tradeoff theories of capital structure.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Michael Lenox Research Policy. 2005.  Vol. Volume 34. Issue 5. P. Pages 615-639. 
In this paper, we focus on the potential innovative benefits to previous corporate venture capital(CVC), i.e. equity investments in entrepreneurial ventures by incumbent firms. We propose that previous termcorporate venture capitalnext term programs may be instrumental in harvesting innovations from entrepreneurial ventures and thus an important part of a firm's overall innovation strategy. We hypothesize that these programs are especially effective in weak intellectual property (IP) regimes and when the firm has sufficient absorptive capacity. We analyze a large panel of public firms over a 20-year period and find that increases in previous termcorporate venture capitalnext term investments are associated with subsequent increases in firm patenting.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Harold Jr. Bierman, K. Chopra, J. Thomas Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. 1975.  Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 119-129. 
At any point in time a firm must decide both the level of working capital consistent with its productive assets and how to finance these assets. Academic theorists in business administration have traditionally approached decision making of the firm on a segmented rather than on a global basis and have been satisfied with developing suboptimizing decision rules. Thus there has been concern about managing working capital and concern about choosing the optimum capital structure, but traditionally the two decisions have not been made jointly. And even if they were made jointly, decisions would still remain in the working capital area involving inventories, credit granting, and marketable securities. This article is an attempt to interrelate working capital and capital structure decisions with working capital used not only as a buffer to avoid ruin but also to affect sales via changing inventory levels and credit policies. The possibility of ruin introduces a discontinuity that precludes perfect elimination of leverage effects via a market. In this article the acquired working capital serves as a buffer against ruin, as well as a means of increasing earnings, while the debt used to finance the working capital increases the size of the fixed payment obligations, and the cost of debt tends to reduce the total earnings of stockholders.
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
Евгения Л Животова, Андрей Александрович Алексеев, Виталий Сергеевич Протасов, Ееро Ламминен Корпоративные финансы. 2008.  № 4 (8). С. 106-113. 
В статье представлено исследование по определению оптимальной структуры капитала для компаний Alma Media и РБК и ее сравнению с фактической структурой капитала. При анализе использованы методы EBIT-EPS, операционного дохода и скорректированной приведенной стоимости (APV). В ходе работы было выявлено, что в обоих случаях менеджментом компаний принимались решения, противоположные теоретически обоснованным. Неэффективные решения, которые привели к уменьшению стоимости компаний, были обусловлены интересами контролирующих акционеров Alma Media и РБК. Ключевые слова: оптимальная структура капитала, фактическая структура капитала медиа-отрасль, стоимость долга.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл
Опубликовано на портале: 04-05-2005
Андрей Валерьевич Лукашов Управление корпоративными финансами. 2004.  № 3. С. 28-45. 
Данная статья посвящена теории капитальной структуры, определяющей способы и формы привлечения капитальных ресурсов для финансирования работы корпораций. Первая часть работы носит вводный характер: рассматриваются основные термины и положения теории капитальной структуры, а также причины экономического воздействия структуры на деятельность корпораций. Далее кратко описываются две основные нормативные теории капитальной структуры. В третьей части приводятся результаты двух основополагающих работ по эмпирическому тестированию теорий капитальной структуры компаний. И в заключение рассматривается поведенческая теория, методы и результаты ее эмпирического тестирования.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл