Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006Kee H. Chung, Mingsheng Li, Linda Yu Financial Management. 2005. Vol. 34. No. 3. P. 65-88.
We consider a simple model positing that initial public offering price is equal to the present value of an entity's assets in place and growth opportunities. The model predicts that initial return is positively related to both the size and risk of growth opportunities. Consistent with this prediction, we find initial return to be positively related to both the fraction of the offer price that is accounted for by the present value of growth opportunities and various proxies of issue uncertainty. We also find that IPO investors equate one dollar of growth opportunities to approximately three quarters of tangible assets.
Опубликовано на портале: 14-06-2006Robert Bruner, Susan Chaplinsky, Latha Ramchand Financial Management. 2004. Vol. 33. No. 3. P. 39-60.
We examine 245 international firms making initial public offerings (IPOs) in the United States between 1991 and 1999, and compare their underwriting fees and indirect costs of underpricing to the IPOs of domestic US issuers. Our results indicate that foreign IPOs experience approximately the same costs on average as domestic IPOs. The risk of foreign IPOs arising from asymmetric information and high country risk is offset by characteristics that reduce their risk relative to domestic US IPOs. Foreign US IPO issuers are larger firms with tangible assets that originate from countries sharing a common border and language with the United States. These issues occur following periods of strong home market equity performance and stable currency conditions, which help to alleviate country risk.