Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований
Опубликовано на портале: 12-10-2011Sergey Sokolovskiy Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 2. С. 137-144.
The current state of Russian anthropology is assessed on the basis of the analysis of recent and historical trends in anthropological research and publications. Particular attention is paid to the institutional, social and political inﬂ uences on the development of the discipline. The author comments on the external and internal factors contributing to the ongoing crisis in Russian anthropology, highlighting the current demographic structure with its predominance of the elder generation as the key factor in its current stalemate.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-10-2011Anna Zhelnina Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 2. С. 132-136.
The emergence of large shopping malls and shopping and entertainment complexes in St. Petersburg, as in many other Russian cities, was a hallmark of the early 2000s. The existing literature describes shopping centers as an example of the new consumer culture in changing post-socialist societies. This article treats them as public spaces and an arena for processes of social differentiation, social exclusion, and formation of new identities. Drawing on evidence from a qualitative study conducted in St. Petersburg in 2006–2008, it concludes that shopping centers, perceived as models of a “European” and “civilized” way of life, have become a quasi-public space for the “middle class,” banishing members of marginal groups and “undesirable” patterns of behavior. At the same time, even the relatively homogeneous environment of shopping centers gets segmented: their customers create in-group social classiﬁ cations.
Marion Fourcade. Economists and Societies: Discipline and Profession in the United States, Britain, and France, 1890s to 1990s. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2011Олеся Игоревна Кирчик Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 2. С. 100-103.
Книга Марион Фуркад, вышедшая в престижной серии Princeton studies in cultural sociology, немедленно удостоилась самых восторженных отзывов именитых коллег. Экономсоциолог Фрэнк Доббин назвал книгу «шедевром», обнаруживающим «глубокое понимание институциональных различий между Британией, Францией и Соединенными Штатами».
Private and Public in the Spatial Organization of Everyday Practices of Neighborhood Police Officers (An Attempt at an Ethnographic Study). Summary [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-02-2012Ekaterina Khodzhaeva Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 3. С. 188-192.
This article is an ethnographic study of the spatial aspects of the everyday life of neighborhood police ofﬁ cers, based on participant observation conducted in Kazan' in 2007. It analyzes forms of neighborhood policemen’s professional activities and four types of professional spaces where their work takes place: (1) the precinct—the primary (often spatially disordered) area of the ofﬁ cer’s supervision and the space for basic practices of self-presentation to the controlled population; (2) the neighborhood in general and, in particular, the space of the precinct station where ofﬁ cers’ primary professional solidarity is formed and where, as a rule, structured interactions with the local population happen; (3) the space of the district police department, which usually appears to the “ordinary” neighborhood police ofﬁ cer as “the bosses’ territory” and therefore as “other” and “hostile” space; (4) the citywide space beyond the precinct, where professional duties are often perceived negatively and treated as a violation of policemen’s labor rights. In Russian, extensive summary in English.