Journal of Socio-Economics
Опубликовано на портале: 22-05-2004Nancy J. Miller Journal of Socio-Economics. 2001. Vol. 30. No. 6. P. 475-493.
The social environment in which the retailer conducts business is not often measured for its fundamental influences on consumers' local purchasing behavior. This study, using social capital theory as a theoretical framework, examines whether reciprocal actions exist between community members as consumers and retailers and if these actions are persuasive in predicting the economic activity regarded as consumer inshopping. Determinants of inshopping behavior are analyzed from the community member's perspective in a study of the rural community marketplace. The sample population consisted of consumers living in two rural Iowa communities with populations less than 10,000, agricultural-based economies, and retail mixtures of locally owned and operated small-sized businesses as well as national chain and discount organizations. Structural equation modeling estimated the causal patterns among consumers' attachment to community with two endogenous variables regarding reciprocity and inshopping behavior. Findings offer supporting evidence that social relationships aid in predicting rural marketplace relationships.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Lindon J. Robison, Marcelo E. Siles Journal of Socio-Economics. 1999. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 43-93.
It is asked if change in social capital influences the level and disparity of household income in the US. Social capital is defined as one's sympathy (antipathy) for others and one's idealized self. The relationship between changes in social capital indicator variables and changes in the average and coefficient of variation of household income were tested. State CVs and averages of household income were calculated for all 50 states and for different races/ethnic groups using the US Census data for 1980 and 1990. Social capital indicator variables selected to measure changes in social capital included measures of family integrity including the percentages of households headed by a single female with children, educational achievement variables including high school graduation rates, crime rate variables including litigation rates, and labor force participation rates. The social capital indicator variables appeared to be significantly correlated with each other. However, in 1980, the percentages of households headed by a single female with children was not significantly related to the birth rates of single teens. By 1990, however, a strong correlation was found between the percentages of households headed by a single female with children and the birth rate of single teens.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Stephen L. Morgan Journal of Socio-Economics. 2000. Vol. 29. No. 6. P. 591-595.
The concept of social capital, according to James Coleman (1990), blurs distinctions between types of social structures. Most researchers who embrace Coleman's concept choose to preserve its broad content rather than sharpen its analytic bite. In order to further develop social capital as a theory capable of explanation, the analytic contribution of the concept of capital must be clarified. In this paper, some structure is imposed on the broad concept of social capital by driving a conceptual wedge between norms and networks and then elevating information to the same (secondary) status as norms. The attempt is made to build a theory by invoking a distinction between social capital resources and capital goods.