British Journal of Sociology
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Nonna Barkhatova, Peter McMylor, Rosemary Mellor British Journal of Sociology. 2001. Vol. 52. No. 2. P. 249-269.
Aspects of the emergence of an entrepreneurial middle-class in Russia are explored via a series of interview-based case studies. The origins of those studied in the professional or highly skilled workers in the former Soviet Union are noted. The complexity and fragility of the circumstances of these entrepreneurs are revealed and it is suggested that commentary in both Russia and the West that pins its hopes for social stability on the emergence of a new property owning middle class in Russia are, at best, premature.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Ton Chee Kiong, Yong Pit Kee British Journal of Sociology. 1998. Vol. 49. No. 1. P. 75-96.
This paper, based on fieldwork conducted in Singapore and Malaysia, examines the social foundations and organizational principles of Chinese business firms focussing in particular on the inclination to incorporate personal relationships in decision making. It identifies three key aspects of personalism: personal control, personal guanxi relationships, and interpersonal trust or xinyong. Personal control is effected largely through depending on people whom one personally trust as this would reduce risks and afford better business control. The paper also examines the dynamics between guanxi and xinyong and how these ideals are played out in reality. A central argument is that economic decisions are not based solely on market considerations. Rather, they are embedded int he context of larger social relations and institutional forces which shape, reinforce, as well as challenge, a set of behaviours or organizational structures.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Philip Hadfield, Steve Hall, Dick Hobbs British Journal of Sociology. 2000. Vol. 51. No. 4. P. 707-717.
This paper focuses upon the emergence of the night-time economy both materially and culturally as a powerful manifestation of post-industrial society. This emergence features two key processes: firstly a shift in economic development from the industrial to the post-industrial; secondly a significant orientation of urban governance involving a move away from the traditional managerial functions of local service provision, towards an en trepreneurial stance primarily focused on the facilitation of economic growth. Central to this new economic era is the identification and promotion of liminality. The State's apparent inability to control these new leisure zones constitutes the creation of an urban frontier that is governed by commercial imperatives.