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Что такое экономическая социология? Это не "междисциплинарные исследования". Это не "изучение социальных проблем в экономике". Это не проведение опросов населения. Это не маркетинговые исследования. Что же это? (подробнее...)

Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 80

Опубликовано на портале: 23-09-2003
Stephanie O. Crofton American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2003.  Vol. 62. No. 2. P. 319-. 
This study provides an extension on the traditional theory of customer discrimination. The traditional theory looks at customer discrimination via a case in which customers discriminate against a certain type of employee. This paper considers a case of customer discrimination in which customers discriminate against another group of customers. This paper argues that if women choose to attend an all-women college, they are engaging in this previously unexamined form of customer discrimination. Economic theory predicts that firms catering to customers who discriminate will charge higher prices. Thus, this study tests for the existence of customer discrimination by estimating a tuition equation at women's colleges and coeducational schools using ordinary least squares and a dummy-interaction technique. This study finds that, all else held constant, women's colleges do charge higher tuition rates.
Опубликовано на портале: 02-11-2007
Andrew B. Abel American Economic Review. 1990.  Vol. 80. No. 2. P. 38-42. 
This paper introduces a utility function that nests three classes of utility functions: (1) time-separable utility functions; (2) "catching up with the Joneses" utility functions that depend on the consumer's level of consumption relative to the lagged cross-sectional average level of consumption; and (3) utility functions that display habit formation. Closed-form solutions for equilibrium asset prices are derived under the assumption that consumption growth is i.i.d. The equity premia under catching up with the Joneses and under habit formation are, for some parameter values, as large as the historically observed equity premium in the United States
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-11-2007
John Y. Campbell, John H. Cochrane Journal of Political Economy. 1999.  Vol. 107. No. 2. P. 205-251. 
We present a consumption-based model that explains the procyclical variation of stock prices, the long-horizon predictability of excess stock returns, and the countercyclical variation of stock market volatility. Our model has an i.i.d. consumption growth driving process, and adds a slow-moving external habit to the standard power utility function. The latter feature produces cyclical variation in risk aversion, and hence in the prices of risky assets Our model also predicts many of the difficulties that beset the standard power utility model, including Euler equation rejections, no correlation between mean consumption growth and interest rates, very high estimates of risk aversion, and pricing errors that are larger than those of the static CAPM. Our model captures much of the history of stock prices, given only consumption data. Since our model captures the equity premium, it implies that fluctuations have important welfare costs. Unlike many habit-persistence models, our model does not necessarily produce cyclical variation in the risk free interest rate, nor does it produce an extremely skewed distribution or negative realizations of the marginal rate of substitution
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Carole Turbin Enterprise and Society. 2000.  Vol. 1. No. 3. P. 507-535. 
Detachable collars, essential to men's appearance from the 1840s to the 1920s, have left a lasting legacy: the term 'white collar' and the "Arrow Man," the centerpiece of Arrow collar advertisements from 1907 until 1931. The Arrow Man was the visual representation of the "New Man," and Arrow collars were preserved in American culture through the lyrics of a 1934 Cole Porter song, "You're the Top." Both the Arrow collar and the Arrow Man derived from business decisions that reflected emerging and changing American consumer tastes and markets, an expanding middle class, and shifts in culture, especially in new ideal images of manliness that were less class-based, contributing to Americans' impression that social distinctions were more blurred than in the past. The Arrow Man embodied in a single compelling image the resolution of social contradictions that persisted beneath the increased similarity of men of different backgrounds.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Veronika Tacke, Oriel Sullivan British Journal of Sociology. 2001.  Vol. 52. No. 2. P. 331-347. 
Some macro-sociological questions about changes in broad categories of time-use are addressed. Reference is made to some well-known sociological and historical accounts of such change, and to the fact that time-use diary data has only relatively recently become available for analyzing trends over time. The data used are drawn from a comparative cross-time data archive held by the Institute for Social and Economic Research at Essex University, comprising successive time-use diary surveys from a range of industrialized countries collected from the 1960s to the 1990s. The time use evidence suggests relative stability in the balance between work and leisure time over the period covered by the analyses. Some alternative explanations are advanced for why there seems to be a gap between this evidence and, on the one hand, the burgeoning literature in both academic and popular media addressing the time famine and, on the other, people's professed experience of what is happening to their time.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2008
Рональд Шлейфер Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2007.  Т. 10. № 1. С. 167-187. 
В своей статье Рональд Шлейфер дает подробный анализ основным движущих сил потребительского общества в Европе и Америке, появившегося и развившегося на рубеже XIX-XX веков (1880-1930-е годы) и оказавшего влияние на культурные формы познания и понимания. Среди особенностей потребительского общества автор отмечает использование товаров и услуг сверх потребностей, вне представлений об удовольствии от роскоши. Отсюда - особого рода символизм, наличие у товара нечеткой, смутно выраженной ауры, которая сама по себе побуждает к потреблению.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-03-2008
Stuart Ewen Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2007.  Т. 10. № 1. С. 27-37. 

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Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2008
Даниил Петрович Фролов Экономическая социология. 2007.  Т. 8. № 4. С. 60-72. 
Трансформация музыкального искусства в вид предпринимательской деятельности является неизбежной в условиях становления глобального капитализма, но искусственное ускорение или торможение динамики этого процесса ведет к возникновению и закреплению в сфере развлечений резких воспроизводственных диспропорций, порождая комплекс актуальных и отложенных во времени негативных эффектов. Объект исследования – один из наиболее значимых сегментов шоу-бизнеса, описываемого понятием «попса». Последнее используется в контексте событий и персоналий музыкального искусства. Цель данной работы состоит в усилении научной рациональности понимания многогранного и неоднозначного феномена «попсы» в контексте экономической социологии и институциональной экономики.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-11-2007
Christopher D. Carroll, Jody Overkand, David N. Weil American Economic Review. 2000.  Vol. 90. No. 3. P. 341-55. 
Saving and growth are strongly positively correlated across countries. Recent empirical evidence suggests that this correlation holds largely because high growth leads to high saving, not the other way around. This evidence is difficult to reconcile with standard growth models, since forward-looking consumers with standard utility should save less in a fast-growing economy because they know they will be richer in the future than they are today. We show that if utility depends partly on how consumption compares to a ‘habit stock’ determined by past consumption, an otherwise-standard growth model can imply that increases in growth can cause increased saving
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-05-2004
Hugh Louch, Paul DiMaggio American Sociological Review. 1998.  Vol. 63. No. 5. P. 619-937. 
Why and to what extent do people make significant purchases from people with whom they have prior noncommercial relationships? Using data from the economic sociology module of the 1996 General Social Survey, we document high levels of within-network exchanges. We argue that transacting with social contacts is effective because it embeds commercial exchanges in a web of obligations and holds the seller's network hostage to appropriate role performance in the economic transaction. It follows that within-network exchanges will be more common in risky transactions that are unlikely to be repeated and in which uncertainty is high. The data support this view. Self-reports about major purchases are consistent with the expectation that exchange frequency reduces the extent of within-network exchanges. Responses to questions about preferences for in-group exchanges support the argument that uncertainty about product and performance quality leads people to prefer sellers with whom they have noncommercial ties. Moreover, people prefer to avoid selling to social contacts under the same conditions that lead buyers to seek such transactions; and people who transact with friends and relatives report greater satisfaction with the results than do people who transact with strangers, especially for risk-laden exchanges.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Marina Moskowitz Enterprise and Society. 2000.  Vol. 1. No. 4. P. 693-698. 
American businesses played as pivotal a role in setting the American standard of living as they did in encouraging the dream. The standard of living became increasingly defined as a set of goods and the establishment and maintenance of spaces to house these goods. In 4 case studies, the means by which objects were both physically transported and culturally represented as desirable are discussed. The four topics are silverplate flatware, bathroom fixtures, mass-produced foursquare dwellings, and early zoning plans. The broad distribution of goods and design ideals at the turn of the 20th century can be considered the nationalization of material culture.
Опубликовано на портале: 03-11-2007
Marjorie Flavin Journal of Political Economy. 1981.  Vol. 89. No. 5. P. 974-1009. 
The paper analyzes the role of current income in providing new information about future income and thus signaling changes in permanent income. Using time-series analysis to quantify the revision in permanent income induced by an innovation in the current income process, a structural econometric model of consumption is developed. The rejection of the joint rational expectations permanent income hypothesis is both statistically and quantitatively significant. The paper also shows that the test of the rational expectations-permanent income hypothesis proposed by Hall is based on the reduced form of this structural model and reconciles Sargent's consumption paper with Hall's
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Kiminori Matsuyama Journal of Political Economy. 2002.  Vol. 110. No. 5. P. 1035-1070. 
This paper studies mechanisms behind the rise of mass consumption societies. The development process depicted follows the Flying Geese pattern, in which a series of industries take off one after another. As productivity improves in these industries, each consumer good becomes affordable to an increasingly large number of households, which constantly expand the range of goods they consume. This in turn generates larger markets for consumer goods, which leads to further improvement in productivity. For such virtuous cycles of productivity gains and expanding markets to occur, income distribution should be neither too equal nor too unequal. With too much equality, the economy stagnates in a poverty trap. With too much inequality, the development stops prematurely.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-07-2009
Ростислав Кононенко Социологические исследования. 2009.  № 4. С. 147-152. 
В современных условиях поликультурных потребительских стилей усиливается специфика потребления машин-олдтаймеров. Это не индивидуальная, а коллективно ориентированная коммуникативная практика, специфическое символическое потребление, в рамках которого имеют ценность не только комфорт и скорость, но символы поколенческой связи, социальной принадлежности.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-03-2008
Ольга Жлудова Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2007.  Т. 10. № 1. С. 38-59. 
Данная работа посвящена исследованию технологий управления человеческим поведением (брендингу). Многочисленные экономико-социологические и культурологические исследования фиксируют качественные изменения в потребительских практиках, наблюдаемые в условиях развития массовой культуры. Среди них формирование отдельной индустрии, целью которой является производство продуктов для управления поведением потребителей. Основу продуктов этой индустрии составляют различные психо- и/или социотехнологии (в т.ч. и бренд-технологии), осуществляющие управленческое воздействие посредством формирования и тиражирования эмоциональных стереотипов. На начальном этапе каждый бренд представляет собой психо- и/или социотехнологию, которая в своей основе есть определенный способ управления потребителем и направлена на создание у социального объекта (человека, группы, членов организации, социума и т.п.) конкретных осознаваемых или неосознаваемых им психосостояний — ощущений, эмоций, мнений, убеждений, знаний, действий. Потребление брендов как чувственных образов, становящееся для целого поколения формой представления себя другим людям и коммуникаций с ними, позволяет сегодня говорить о том, что они становятся формой, организовывающей потребительские практики, и играют роль механизмов регуляции поведения.
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