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Что такое экономическая социология? Это не "междисциплинарные исследования". Это не "изучение социальных проблем в экономике". Это не проведение опросов населения. Это не маркетинговые исследования. Что же это? (подробнее...)

Статьи

Всего статей в данном разделе : 221

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2009
Gary G. Hamilton, Marco Orrú, Mariko Suzuki Organization Studies. 1989.  Vol. 10. No. 4. P. 549-574 . 
Studies of inter-firm relations in modern capitalism have often relied on either an exchange theory or a structural theory of control. Both paradigms prove inadequate in explaining non-Western patterns of inter-firm relations. This study adopts an institutional theory of power to explain the peculiar patterns of horizontal control that obtains in inter-firm relations within and among large Japanese business groups. We develop our argument in four steps. First, we review and assess the adequacy of three different theories of power in capitalist business; second, we describe our case study: two major types of Japanese business groups; third, we identify forms of vertical and horizontal control through our analysis of patterns of inter-firm shareholding, and we show how additional means of control are adopted to reinforce the existing organizational patterns; fourth, we compare and contrast the highly structured and cohesive inter-firm relations in Japanese business with the more loosely organized pattern that is characteristic in the U.S., and we conclude that the current research on capitalist organizational forms will advance by emphasizing not the unchanging, universal nature of capitalist domination, but rather its varied institutional nature and its apparent cross-cultural diversity.
Опубликовано на портале: 02-02-2005
Б.Н. Земцов Общественные науки и современность. 1994.  № 4. С. 51-62. 
Автор рассматривает особенности российской цивилизации, используя архетип европейской цивилизации. Он отрицает связь истории России и Киевской Руси из-за несоответствия социально-политической системы и национального характера. Описывая отличия Юго-Западной (киевской), Северо-Западной (Новгородской) и Северо-Восточной (Московской) Руси, он показывает, что самодержавие не было единственной альтернативой политического развития в России. Формирование московского государства началось с уничтожения свободного боярства в ходе нашествия татаро-монголов и последующего закрепощения всего общества. Слабость городов и отсутствие буржуазной городской культуры привели к утверждению особого типа цивилизации, который был воспроизведен в условиях Советской власти.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-12-2010
Михаил Владимирович Синютин Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2006.  Т. 9. № 3.
Рецензия на книгу: Resnick S.A., Wolff R.D. Class Theory and History: Capitalism and Communism in the USSR. New York and London: Routledge, 2002. – 353 p. (С. Резник, Р. Вольф Классовая теория и история: капитализм и коммунизм в СССР. Нью-Йорк, Лондон: Рутледж, 2002.  – 353 с.)
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл
Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2008
Martin Höpner, Gregory Jackson European Management Review. 2006.  Vol. 3. No. 3. P. 142-155. 
Degrees of shareholder orientation among companies differ across countries as well as over time. Markets for corporate control are important elements of corporate governance regimes that affect such orientations. German corporate governance has often been described as a bank-oriented, blockholder, or stakeholder model where markets for corporate control play no significant role. This case study of the hostile takeover of Mannesmann AG by Vodafone in 2000 demonstrates how systemic changes during the 1990s have eroded past institutional barriers to takeovers. The emergence of a market for corporate control cannot be understood by looking at takeover regulation in isolation. Rather, takeover markets rely on a whole set of complementary institutions, social practices, and predominant interpretations, such as banking strategies, codetermination practices, company regulation, and business ideologies. A limited, but significant segment of German corporations are now subjected to a market for corporate control.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Robert Boyer CEPREMAP Working Papers. 1996.  No. 9620.

ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2008
Sigurt Vitols Competition and Change. 2002.  Vol. 6. No. 3. P. 309-325. 
Discusses the transformation of the German chemical-pharmaceutical industry in relation to shareholder value, management culture and production regimes. Information on the Big Three German chemical companies in the postwar years; Factors influencing the shift in capital markets in the 1990s.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 07-08-2003
Nicole Woolsey Biggart Экономическая социология. 2000.  Т. 1. № 1. С. 6-12. 
Policy makers and scholars have been searching for the magic key to unlock the economic potential of underdeveloped regions. I will argue that there is no single "key", but rather that research in economic sociology shows that development depends on utilizing the historically developed patterns of social organization. Societies do best when they pursue economic activities for which their social structure gives them a comparative advantage.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2008
Gregory Jackson Corporate Governance: An International Review. 2005.  Vol. 13. No. 3. P. 419-428. 
A small but significant stream of research has emerged on how changes in corporate governance impact labour management, particularly in countries with stakeholder-oriented corporate governance. This paper briefly reviews existing empirical and theoretical literature on the links between corporate governance and labour management. Then it compares recent trends in Germany and Japan in terms of how changes in corporate governance affect the distribution of value-added, employment adjustment, pay systems and employee participation. Germany and Japan have proven able to adapt and modify their stakeholder model of employment and employee participation to changing circumstances. However, the size of the core model is getting smaller.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 06-11-2008
Andrei Shleifer Journal of Economic Perspectives. 1998.  Vol. 12. No. 4. P. 133-150. 

ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2008
Mari Sako, Gregory Jackson Industrial & Labor Relations Review. 2006.  Vol. 59. No. 3. P. 347-366. 
This comparison of labor-management relations at Deutsche Telekom (DT) and NTT Group (formerly Nippon Telephone and Telegraph) demonstrates the value of considering both institutions and strategic decision-making to understand the interaction between companies and unions. As corporations diversify, multi-divisional or holding company structures emerge, but the degree of diversity introduced in employment relations within the corporate group depends on the interaction between corporate strategy and the strategy of organized labor. The authors' field research, based on interviews with managers and labor leaders, shows that despite a broadly similar corporate strategy of diversification by DT and NTT after the liberalization of telecommunication markets, employment relations became more decentralized-both for unions and for works councils-within the DT group than within the NTT group. This difference in outcomes is explained by the relative power and strategic choices of labor and management, rather than by constraints and opportunities specific to the existing national institutions.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 07-02-2008
Wolfgang Streeck Proceedings of OeNB Workshops. 2004.  Vol. 1. No. 1. P. 101-115. 
In the following I will discuss a few conceptual issues related to the notion of complementarity between economic institutions. My brief notes are not meant to debunk the concept. Quite to the contrary, they are a plea for more sophistication in its use. My central claim is that current usage of the concept makes too demanding assumptions on the rationality of the actors designing and enacting economic institutions. Moreover, it suggests too static a view of institutions. In both respects, it seems necessary to rethink and make explicit the microfoundations of the concept of complementarity, grounding it in both a realistic theory of rational action on the one hand and a dynamic theory of social institutions on the other.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2008
Ruth Aguilera, Gregory Jackson Academy Of Management Review. 2003.  Vol. 28. No. 3. P. 447-465. 
We develop a theoretical model to describe and explain variation in corporate governance among advanced capitalist economies, identifying the social relations and institutional arrangements that shape who controls corporations. what interests corporations serve. and the allocation of rights and responsibilities among corporate stakeholders. Our "actor-centered" institutional approach explains firm-level corporate governance practices in terms of institutional factors that shape how actors' interests are defined ("socially constructed") and represented. Our model has strong implications for studying issues of international convergence.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2008
Martin Höpner, Jurgen Beyer West European Politics. 2003.  Vol. 26. No. 4. P. 179-198. 
Assesses corporate governance in Germany in the 1990s. Changes in corporate governance; Role of social responsibility on entrepreneurship; Reorientation towards investment banking.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2008
Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer Journal of Economic Literature. 2008.  Vol. 46. No. 2. P. 285-332. 
In the last decade, economists have produced a considerable body of research suggesting that the historical origin of a country's laws is highly correlated with a broad range of its legal rules and regulations, as well as with economic outcomes. We summarize this evidence and attempt a unified interpretation. We also address several objections to the empirical claim that legal origins matter. Finally, we assess the implications of this research for economic reform.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Robert Boyer CEPREMAP Working Papers. 2000.  No. 2000-09.
Why is it that Germany and Japan, economic miracles of the 60's are nowadays perceived as ailing capitalisms and should they adopt a typical American market led capitalism? Can the German and Japanese Social Systems of Innovation (SSI) survive into the next century? Does the opposition between embedded and market-led capitalism provide a satisfactory interpretation? The answers to the three previous questions are respectively no, yes, and no. The paper first provides an institutional and statistical analysis of the Social System of Innovation of major OECD countries, then builds a Kaldorian endogenous growth model which captures three sources for technical change, and finally, uses this framework in order to elaborate some scenarios for the transformation of the Japanese and German economies.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию