Всего статей в данном разделе : 3
Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2007Chris Shilling British Journal of Sociology. 2002. Vol. 53. No. 4. P. 621-638.
This paper revisits Parsons's conception of the 'sick role' and examines the relevance of his writings on the cultural understanding of sickness to the consumption of health in the contemporary era. In terms of current developments, the author focuses on the development of pro-active approaches towards the healthy body, and the growth of "information rich" consumers of health care. These have become prominent themes in sociology, and while Parsons's writings are usually viewed as anachronistic he argues they remain highly pertinent to understanding the emergence of informed, body conscious lay people. If Parsons's analysis of health is more relevant to current circumstances than many critics assume, however, it is not unproblematic. The residual categories associated with the sick role obscure the continued utility of his work on the general cultural values informing health care. It is Parsons's analysis of these values, Chris Shilling suggests, that needs rescuing from restricted understandings of the sick role and highlighting as an important resource for contemporary theorists.
Models of Illness and the Theory of Society: Parsons Contribution to the Early History of Medical Sociology [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-12-2006Uta Gerhardt International Sociology. 1990. Vol. 5. P. 337-355.
Parsons medical sociology has recently been recognized for its importance to his theory of society. But the double focus of his explanations of illness is not yet widely understood. It comprises a capacity model based on economic thinking and a deviancy model based on psychoanalytic thought. In the 1930s and 1940s Parsons undertook to understand medical practice in order to focus on liberal democracy in modern society. He used medical practice as an example and also as a metaphor to demonstrate the mechanisms of liberal democracy as against those of capitalism , socialism and the then contemporary racism. By considering this background, the link between models of illness and the theory of society, established in The Social System, ought to be recognized by Parsons’ critics who then might not have charged him with advocating a non-democratic solution to the problem of how the social order is possible. By recommending the recognition of the double focus of Parsons’ illness explanation, and its viability for his theory of action system, it is argued that Parsons was criticized too readily in the 1960s and that his humanistic standpoint can be recovered by focusing on his early contribution to medical sociology.
Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2007Simon Johnson Williams Health. 2005. Vol. 9. No. 2. P. 123-144.
This article revisits Parsons’ insights on medicine, health and illness in the light of contemporary debates in medical sociology and beyond. A preliminary balance sheet of the Parsonian legacy is first provided, taking on board standard accounts and criticisms of Parsons’ work within medical sociology to date. The remainder of the article, in contrast, involves a close re-reading of Parsons in the light of contemporary sociological debates on the body, emotion, trust, uncertainty and health, including late modern and postmodern interpretations of his work. Parsons, it is concluded, despite his (many) critics and detractors, has much to contribute here, not simply in terms of past insights, but also with regard to the present and future