Всего статей в данном разделе : 121
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003Walter Y. Oi Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1971. Vol. 85. P. 77-96.
Examines the two-part tariffs for the monopoly pricing of amusement park rides at Disneyland in California. Effect of a monopoly on prices; Determination of a nondiscriminatory two-part tariff; Applications of the two-part tariffs. (From Ebsco)
Advertising and competition [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003Lester G. Telser Journal of Political Economy. 1964. Vol. 72. P. 537-562.
Предмет статьи - рассмотрение утверждения о несовместимости рекламы, как элемента стратегии фирмы в конкурентной борьбе, с конкуренцией как теоретической конструкцией. Работа основывается на анализе эмпирических данных (показатели концентрации, доли рынка, размеры фирм) для компаний и товаров с разным уровнем расходов на рекламную деятельность. Статья, основным выводом которой стало утверждение, что обратная зависимость между степенью конкуренции и интенсивностью рекламы не имеет под собой оснований, послужила основой для многих последующих работ в этой области.
Advertising and welfare. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 07-02-2003Avinash K. Dixit, Victor Norman Bell Journal of Economics. 1976. Vol. 9. No. 1. P. 1-17.
This paper applies conventional welfare-theoretic methods to study advertising which changes consumer tastes. In a wide range of empirically plausible circumstances, private profitability is seen to be necessary but not sufficient for the social desirability of a small amount of advertising. The market equilibrium level of such advertising is shown to be socially excessive, even when postadvertising tastes are used as the standard for welfare judgments and the monopoly profits resulting from the advertising are included in welfare. Settings of monopoly, oligopoly, and monopolistic competition are examined, and the contention that advertising is excessive is found to be strengthened at each stage. [Авторский текст]
Advertising as information [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003P. Nelson Journal of Political Economy. 1974. Vol. 82. No. 4. P. 729-754.
This paper tries to show how the major features of the behavior of advertising can be explained by advertising's information function. For search qualities advertising provides direct information about the characteristics of a brand. For experience qualities the most important information conveyed by advertising is simply that the brand advertises. This contrast in advertising by these qualities leads to significant differences in its behavior. How does advertising provide information to the consumer? The producer in his advertising is not interested directly in providing information for consumers. He is interested in selling more of his product. Subject to a few constraints, the advertising message says anything the seller of a brand wishes. A mechanism is required to make the selling job of advertising generate information to the consumer. [Авторский текст]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003Hurvey Leibenstein American Economic Review. 1966. Vol. 56. No. 3. P. 392-416.
Examines empirical evidence on allocative efficiency in economics. Comparison of the merit of allocative efficiency with X-efficiency, an unindentified type of efficiency which has motivation as its major element; Analysis of the magnitude and nature of X-efficiency; View that firms and economies do not operate on an outer-bound possibility surface consistent with their resources. (Из Ebsco)
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003David R. Kamerschen Western Economic Journal. 1966. Vol. 4. No. 3. P. 221-36.
Examines the effect of monopoly in the American economy. Misallocation of resources by monopolists; Redistribution of income toward the monopolist; Reduction of aggregate welfare. (Из Ebsco)
Опубликовано на портале: 03-05-2005Richard J. Gilbert Stanford Technology Law Review. 2002.
This paper reviews the antitrust treatment of patent pooling and cross-licensing arrangements from E. Bement v. National Harrow, decided in 1902, to the Department of Justice business review letters on the MPEG and DVD patent pools. I examine the factors that the courts identified as pertinent to the antitrust outcome and compare them to the competitive factors identified in the DOJ/FTC Antitrust Guidelines for the Licensing of Intellectual Property. Until recently, the competitive relationship of the patents was not a major determinant of the antitrust outcome in most cases. Instead, the courts have focused on restrictive licensing terms that affect downstream prices. I consider the logic of this approach to evaluating antitrust liability. I also propose an approach to evaluating the antitrust risks of arrangements that combine potentially blocking patents.
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003William M. Gorman Review of Economic Studies. 1980. Vol. 47. No. 150. P. 843-857.
Provides information on a study which developed a method for analyzing quality differentials in the egg market. Details on the maximum likelihood methods; Hypotheses of the study; Method for minimizing the total variance. (Из Ebsco)
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003Domenico Mario Nuti Economic Journal. 1970. Vol. 80. P. 32-57 .
The purpose of this paper is that of considering the choice of production techniques from the point of view of both the capitalist entrepreneur maximising the present value of his firm's assets at a given interest rate and the socialist planner maximising the consumption per head associated with the maintenance of a given growth rate. A model of production is set up, in which output is made of a versatile consumption and production good, called putty, and of the machines which are made of putty and are necessary to assist labour in order to produce putty. It is assumed that technical choice is irreversible, i.e., that putty is moulded and baked into clay machines of given specifications, which cannot be turned back into putty or into machines of different specifications. Also, their use is not affected by technical progress, which improves the design of new machines but not the operation of those already constructed. The assumption of the costless transformation putty into clay and the use of gross measures evade this fundamental issue of capital theory. [Авторский текст]
Опубликовано на портале: 07-02-2003William Mark Crain, Robert B. Ekelund Journal of Law and Economics. 1976. Vol. 19. No. 1. P. 149-62 .
Examines the formulation of the principle of competition for the field of service and contract management by economists Harold Demsetz and Edwin Chadwick. Relationship between market concentration and competition; Need of political and economic structure to implement Chadwick principle; Efficiency of the contracting process in obtaining competitive solution. (Из Ebsco)
Chamberlin versus Chicago [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-10-2003George C. Archibald Review of Economic Studies. 1961. Vol. 29. No. 1. P. 2-28.
В статье анализируются методологические разногласия между чикагской школой и приверженцами подхода к анализу несовершенной конкуренции, развитого в книге Чемберлина "Теория монополистической конкуренции". Значительное внимание в статье приковано к анализу как предположений, лежащих в основе теории Чемберлина, так и выводов теории монополистической конкуренции.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-09-2003William James Adams, Janet L. Yellen Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1976. Vol. 90. No. 3. P. 475-498.
Presents information on a study which analyzed the prevalence of commodity bundling as a marketing strategy. Cost savings in production, transactions and information associated with commodity bundling; Characteristics of commodity bundling; Problems associated with convention price discrimination that can overcome by commodity bundling; Conclusions. (Из Ebsco)
Contestability vs. competition [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003William G. Shepherd American Economic Review. 1984. Vol. 74. No. 4. P. 572-587 .
Analyzes the ultra-free entry as normative contribution to industrial organization. Ultra-free entry in context of the evolving field of industrial organization; Assessment of the conceptual validity of William Baumol, Elizabeth Bailey John Panzar and Robert Willig's analysis in representing the nature of competition; Empirical issues in measuring and testing ultra-free entry. (Из Ebsco)
Опубликовано на портале: 18-03-2003William Jack Baumol American Economic Review. 1982. Vol. 72. No. 1. P. 1-15.
Presents a transcript of the presidential address delivered at the 94th Meeting of the American Economic Association on December 29, 1981. Discussion of developments in the theory of industry structure; Welfare attributes of contestable markets behavior; Characteristics of oligopoly equilibrium; Intertemporal vulnerability to inefficient entry. (Из Ebsco)
Опубликовано на портале: 06-02-2003Gerald R. Faulhaber American Economic Review. 1975. Vol. 65. No. 5. P. 966-77.
Analyzes the issues of cross-subsidization in public enterprises with economies of joint production. Incentives to competitive entry and subsidy-free prices; Relation of welfare maximizing prices to subsidy-free prices; Price elasticity of demand; Costs of alternative means of supply; Choice between protected monopoly and open competition.