Всего статей в данном разделе : 184
Market, culture and authority: A comparative analysis of management and organization in the Far East. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 18-12-2009Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Gary G. Hamilton American Journal of Sociology. 1998. Vol. 94. P. 52-94.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2009Gary G. Hamilton, Cheng-shu Kao International Sociology. 1987. Vol. 2. No. 3. P. 289-300 .
This essay assesses the usefulness of Max Weber's sociology, particularly his writings on China, for the analysis of East Asian industrialisation. Many scholars writing about modern Asia criticise Weber's views on the relation between Confucian values and the development of capitalism. This essay suggests that many of these critics misinterpret Weber's writing on China Acknowledging that Weber made errors in interpreting China, the authors, nonetheless, argue that Weber's perspective is most valuable in analysing Asian economic development because of the institutional approach he developed Weber's institutional approach is outlined and briefly applied in a comparison of Japanese and Chinese industrialisation.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007Sigurt Vitols Competition and Change. 2004. Vol. 8. No. 4. P. 357-374.
In comparative political economy it has become commonplace to distinguish between two types of corporate governance systems. In shareholder systems, influence over company management is concentrated with institutional investors holding small percentages of companies' shares. In stakeholder systems, influence is shared between large shareholders, employees, the community and suppliers and customers. This paper contributes to the literature addressing recent changes in the German variant of the stake-holder system by proposing a few new concepts. On the level of institutions, it is argued that the stakeholder system is not being replaced by a shareholder system in Germany. Rather, an augmented stakeholder system is emerging through the inclusion of institutional investors in the old stakeholder coalition of interests. On the level of practice, it is argued that negotiated shareholder value is being adopted in Germany. This German variant of shareholder value is distinct from Anglo-American practice because major changes implementing shareholder value must be negotiated within the augmented stakeholder coalition. As a result, performance incentives for employees tend to be less strong than is the case in the USA and UK.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008Robert Boyer Socio-Economic Review. 2004. Vol. 2. No. 1. P. 1-32.
Whereas the American case may hint that product and labour market deregulation, venture capital and NASDAQ are necessary for the success of a technological led growth, the international comparison suggests the coexistence of at least three successful configurations. Deregulated economies explore a science pushed innovation, along with external labour flexibility, significant inequality in terms of competences. But social democratic countries develop a cooperative approach to the knowledge based economy: rather homogenous educational level, life long learning, negotiation by social partners of the consequence of innovation, collectively organized labour mobility. There is a third configuration for some catching-up economies that use information technology as a method for leapfrogging: labour markets remain largely institutionalised and regulated, without exerting adverse impact upon macroeconomic performance.
New Thinking About Capitalism [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007Fred L. Block Dollars & Sense. 1999. No. 226.
Discusses how the thinking regarding capitalism has changed. Karl Marx's theory regarding the system; New Left radicals' sources of inspiration; Varieties of capitalism.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-05-2009Torben Iversen, John D. Stephens Comparative Political Studies. 2008. Vol. 41. No. 4-5. P. 600-637.
The authors propose a synthesis of power resources theory and welfare production regime theory to explain differences in human capital formation across advanced democracies. Emphasizing the mutually reinforcing relationships between social insurance, skill formation, and spending on public education, they distinguish three distinct worlds of human capital formation: one characterized by redistribution and heavy investment in public education and industry-specific and occupation-specific vocational skills; one characterized by high social insurance and vocational training in firm-specific and industry-specific skills but less spending on public education; and one characterized by heavy private investment in general skills but modest spending on public education and redistribution. They trace the three worlds to historical differences in the organization of capitalism, electoral institutions, and partisan politics, emphasizing the distinct character of political coalition formation underpinning each of the three models. They also discuss the implications for inequality and labor market stratification across time and space.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2009Gary G. Hamilton British Journal of Sociology. 1990. Vol. 41. No. 1. P. 77-104 .
Authority relations identified by the terms patriarchy, patrimonialism, and filial piety represent very different complexes of action in imperial China and Western Europe. Two sets of comparisons (developmental and configurational) demonstrate these differences in the institutional patterning of authority between China and Europe. The author argues, on the one hand, that in Western society legitimate domination is seen as the intentional, directional, and consequential acts of individuals acting within the boundaries of their jurisdictions. In China, on the other hand, it is seen as an aspect of specific sets of social roles, and hence as impersonal, non-intentional, and harmony-seeking. Some of the implications of these differences for social institutions are explored.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2009Gary G. Hamilton, Marco Orrú, Mariko Suzuki Organization Studies. 1989. Vol. 10. No. 4. P. 549-574 .
Studies of inter-firm relations in modern capitalism have often relied on either an exchange theory or a structural theory of control. Both paradigms prove inadequate in explaining non-Western patterns of inter-firm relations. This study adopts an institutional theory of power to explain the peculiar patterns of horizontal control that obtains in inter-firm relations within and among large Japanese business groups. We develop our argument in four steps. First, we review and assess the adequacy of three different theories of power in capitalist business; second, we describe our case study: two major types of Japanese business groups; third, we identify forms of vertical and horizontal control through our analysis of patterns of inter-firm shareholding, and we show how additional means of control are adopted to reinforce the existing organizational patterns; fourth, we compare and contrast the highly structured and cohesive inter-firm relations in Japanese business with the more loosely organized pattern that is characteristic in the U.S., and we conclude that the current research on capitalist organizational forms will advance by emphasizing not the unchanging, universal nature of capitalist domination, but rather its varied institutional nature and its apparent cross-cultural diversity.
Опубликовано на портале: 02-02-2005Б.Н. Земцов Общественные науки и современность. 1994. № 4. С. 51-62.
Автор рассматривает особенности российской цивилизации, используя архетип европейской цивилизации. Он отрицает связь истории России и Киевской Руси из-за несоответствия социально-политической системы и национального характера. Описывая отличия Юго-Западной (киевской), Северо-Западной (Новгородской) и Северо-Восточной (Московской) Руси, он показывает, что самодержавие не было единственной альтернативой политического развития в России. Формирование московского государства началось с уничтожения свободного боярства в ходе нашествия татаро-монголов и последующего закрепощения всего общества. Слабость городов и отсутствие буржуазной городской культуры привели к утверждению особого типа цивилизации, который был воспроизведен в условиях Советской власти.
Resnick S.A., Wolff R.D. Class Theory and History: Capitalism and Communism in the USSR. New York and London: Routledge, 2002. – 353 p. (С. Резник, Р. Вольф Классовая теория и история: капитализм и коммунизм в СССР. Нью-Йорк, Лондон: Рутледж, 2002. – 353 с.) [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 04-12-2010Михаил Владимирович Синютин Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии. 2006. Т. 9. № 3.
Рецензия на книгу: Resnick S.A., Wolff R.D. Class Theory and History: Capitalism and Communism in the USSR. New York and London: Routledge, 2002. – 353 p. (С. Резник, Р. Вольф Классовая теория и история: капитализм и коммунизм в СССР. Нью-Йорк, Лондон: Рутледж, 2002. – 353 с.)
Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2008Martin Höpner, Gregory Jackson European Management Review. 2006. Vol. 3. No. 3. P. 142-155.
Degrees of shareholder orientation among companies differ across countries as well as over time. Markets for corporate control are important elements of corporate governance regimes that affect such orientations. German corporate governance has often been described as a bank-oriented, blockholder, or stakeholder model where markets for corporate control play no significant role. This case study of the hostile takeover of Mannesmann AG by Vodafone in 2000 demonstrates how systemic changes during the 1990s have eroded past institutional barriers to takeovers. The emergence of a market for corporate control cannot be understood by looking at takeover regulation in isolation. Rather, takeover markets rely on a whole set of complementary institutions, social practices, and predominant interpretations, such as banking strategies, codetermination practices, company regulation, and business ideologies. A limited, but significant segment of German corporations are now subjected to a market for corporate control.
Shareholder Value, Management Culture and Production Regimes in the Transformation of the German Chemical-Pharmaceutical Industry [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2008Sigurt Vitols Competition and Change. 2002. Vol. 6. No. 3. P. 309-325.
Discusses the transformation of the German chemical-pharmaceutical industry in relation to shareholder value, management culture and production regimes. Information on the Big Three German chemical companies in the postwar years; Factors influencing the shift in capital markets in the 1990s.
Опубликовано на портале: 07-08-2003Nicole Woolsey Biggart Экономическая социология. 2000. Т. 1. № 1. С. 6-12.
Policy makers and scholars have been searching for the magic key to unlock the economic potential of underdeveloped regions. I will argue that there is no single "key", but rather that research in economic sociology shows that development depends on utilizing the historically developed patterns of social organization. Societies do best when they pursue economic activities for which their social structure gives them a comparative advantage.
Stakeholders under pressure: corporate governance and labour management in Germany and Japan [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2008Gregory Jackson Corporate Governance: An International Review. 2005. Vol. 13. No. 3. P. 419-428.
A small but significant stream of research has emerged on how changes in corporate governance impact labour management, particularly in countries with stakeholder-oriented corporate governance. This paper briefly reviews existing empirical and theoretical literature on the links between corporate governance and labour management. Then it compares recent trends in Germany and Japan in terms of how changes in corporate governance affect the distribution of value-added, employment adjustment, pay systems and employee participation. Germany and Japan have proven able to adapt and modify their stakeholder model of employment and employee participation to changing circumstances. However, the size of the core model is getting smaller.