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Политическая социология - отрасль социологии, исследующая факторы, механизмы и формы социального действия людей и социальный отношений в сфере политики... (подробнее...)

Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований

Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2010
Gabriel Kessler, María Mercedes Di Virgilio, Svetlana Yaroshenko Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 252-256. 
In  general,  the  concept  of  new  poverty  focuses  on  the  emergence  of  groups characterized by strong downward mobility, as well as previously unknown types of poverty. Its specifi c defi nition, therefore, varies among countries. The cases of Russia and Argentina illustrate this variation. In Russia, new poverty became a subject of debate following the market reforms of the 1990s, several years later than in Argentina. Poverty in post-Soviet Russia has a number of specifi c features. Firstly, it is a widespread phenomenon. Impoverishment peaked in 1999: at that time, depending on  the  standards  used,  the  share  of  poor  people  was  between  20  and  50  percent.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2010
Svetlana Yaroshenko Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 408-413. 
An aim in this paper is to identify what is special about the “new poverty” that has  emerged  in  Russia  as  a  result  of  the  liberal  reforms  of  the  1990s.  I  discuss perceptions of the phenomenon, outline its conditions and limits, and explain how it is  reproduced.  The  paper  employs  an  extended  case  method,  including  a  detailed ethnographic case study and local surveys carried out between 1998 and 2008.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-11-2012
Anna Grigoryeva Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012.  № 2. С. 183-188. 
These are a few raw refl ections on Moscow’s Okkupai Abai protest as a direct democracy experiment, in relation to organizational process (practice) and to the Occupy movement. Although the specifi cs of the political visions of the two movements are rather different, they share a basic inclusivity (“if you feel powerless, join us”) and a focus on self-organization. In this context, I evaluate the translation of Occupy’s organizing tools (primarily the assemblies) into Okkupai and the dynamics of fragmentation and inclusion/exclusion to which they contribute. Finally, I refl ect on my own position as a partial participant observer with an activist history.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-10-2010
Roxana Eleta de Filippis, Elena Mascova Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 155-178. 
 Pension systems have been classified   into   two   types:   social   insurance,   which   involves   a   significant intergenerational  transfer  as  the  working-age  population  finances  the  pension payments of current retirees—the principle known as “pay-as-you-go” (PAYG)—and multipillar   systems   that   combine   a   universal   public   pension   scheme   with occupationally-based or private individual alternatives to it.  In  multipillar  countries,  the  PAYG  instrument  also  exists,  but  the  major pension benefits come from funded schemes (private or public).
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2013
Gertrud Hüwelmeier Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013.  № 1. С. 52-72. 
Prior to the collapse of communism, hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese migrants arrived in various localities throughout COMECON countries by way of programs of mutual cooperation and “socialist solidarity,” including East Germany. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, many former contract workers have become entrepreneurs mostly engaged in wholesaling and retailing. Local markets, increasingly comprised of diverse peoples, play key roles in postsocialist economic development while transnationally linking a variety of geographical and sociocultural spaces. Based on ethnographic fi eldwork in bazaars in Berlin, Prague, and Warsaw, this paper addresses questions of spatial continuities between the socialist past and the postsocialist present, mobility and transnational social and economic practices, and bazaars as sites of power and conflict.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-02-2012
Ekaterina Khodzhaeva Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011.  № 3. С. 188-192. 
This article is an ethnographic study of the spatial aspects of the everyday life of  neighborhood  police  offi cers,  based  on  participant  observation  conducted  in Kazan' in 2007. It analyzes forms of neighborhood policemen’s professional activities and four types of professional spaces where their work takes place: (1) the precinct—the  primary  (often  spatially  disordered)  area  of  the  offi cer’s  supervision  and  the space for basic practices of self-presentation to the controlled population; (2) the neighborhood in general and, in particular, the space of the precinct station where offi cers’  primary  professional  solidarity  is  formed  and  where,  as  a  rule,  structured interactions with the local population happen; (3) the space of the district police department, which usually appears to the “ordinary” neighborhood police offi cer as “the bosses’ territory” and therefore as “other” and “hostile” space; (4) the citywide space beyond the precinct, where professional duties are often perceived negatively and treated as a violation of policemen’s labor rights. In Russian, extensive summary in English.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011
Meri Kulmala Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011.  № 1. С. 51-83. 
Interaction  between  civil  society  organizations  and  the  state  in  Russia  is analyzed on the basis of fieldwork in the Sortavala district in Karelia. The liberal and statist models wrongly assume that civil society and the state are distinct and  opposing  entities;  this  study  shows  that  in  practice  they  overlap  and intersect.  The  often-made  distinction  between  policy-advocacy  and  service-provision organizations is overly reductionist, since one organization can perform both  functions.  The  cases  discussed  are  a  Municipal  Social  Service  Center  that bundles public and civic efforts; an independent child protection organization that  actively  collaborates  with  the  authorities;  and  a  network  of  women’s organizations  that  has  successfully  proposed  regional  policy  initiatives.  The article  presents  a  case  for  studying  state-civil  society  relations  in  Russia ethnographically and at the local and regional level.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-06-2012
Yulia Antonyan Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012.  № 1. С. 76-100. 
The terms “intelligentsia” and “intellectuals”—in Armenian, mtavorakanutiun— are frequently used in the Armenian political, cultural, and domestic life but are conceptualized and interpreted differently in different contexts. In this article, I describe the central discursive patterns of self-identification and self-representation among the contemporary Armenian intelligentsia. The article reveals both continuities and disruptions with the Russian and Armenian intelligentsia of pre- revolutionary, Soviet, and post-Soviet times, which leads to new conclusions about the group and its role in ongoing projects of nation- and state-building. The Armenian intelligentsia exists as a set of variations on an imagined cultural and social construct that needs constant fine-tuning and elaboration. The continuous implicit or explicit discourse on identification, forms of representation and cultural manifestation, and social roles of the intelligentsia is an important part of the ongoing process of reconciliation and negotiation of the boundaries between old and new identities, social structures, hierarchies, roles, behavioral codes, and systems of values in the modernized and globalized Armenian society. In English, extended summary in Russian.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-04-2013
Francisco Martínez Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012.  № 3. С. 105-122. 
In the present essay I explain how the exaltation of glamour in Russia and the persecution of queer sexual practices belong to the same normalizing strategy, which aims to freeze ideological discourse and empower conservative nodal points of Vladimir Putin’s political regime. By analyzing the genealogy of “glamour” and the emergence of the term in the post-Soviet context, I explore how the glorifi cation of certain sexual practices to the exclusion of others limits the possibilities for symbolic alternatives within Russian society. The study of certain erotic phenomena intimately related with the process of subjectifi cation illuminates how hegemony is articulated in post-Soviet Russia.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2010
Karina Bidaseca Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 257-274. 
The primary focus of this article is to analyze, through the study of a trial that borders on the absurd (yet is not an exception), how a subsistence economy and a peasant  way  of  life  were  brutally  interrupted  by  an  auction,  and  how  subalternity could be momentarily interrupted by the peasants’ agency.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2010
Ludmila da Silva Catela Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 305-326. 
The church where Lavalle was skinned. A small town surrounded by mountains. A picturesque cemetery watching over the town from on high, as was the “custom in olden times.” A small municipal offi ce next to the only public telephone in town, and the  center  of  public  life,  the  square.  In  the  middle  is  a  fl agpole  that  fl ies  a  large Argentine fl ag on special occasions and patriotic holidays. At the base of the fl agpole is a plaque with the words “God, Country, Home. Tumbaya 1979,” an unmistakable sign  of  the  military  presence  during  the  1970s.  It  might  be  added  that  the  only plaques in town, in square and church, were placed there by the Argentine Army in 1979.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2013
Ksenia Pimenova Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013.  № 1. С. 118-140. 
This article addresses the use of political discourse and the shaping of institutionalized organizations in post-Soviet shamanism in the south Siberian Republic of Tuva. It argues that many organizational features of today’s shamanism result from the creative integration of legal, academic, and political concepts that have been mostly elaborated under the Soviet/Russian centralized state governance and were thus historically alien to shamanic practice and discourse. Starting from the early 1990s, the leaders of the Tuvan shamanic revival used these concepts (such as “religious organization of shamans” or “traditional confession”) pragmatically in order to take advantage of their favorable relationship with authorities, to assure a better public place for their religious organizations, and to establish their authority over the shamanic network. Nevertheless, this use of political discourse was not without consequences for the development of Tuvan shamanism. The organizational aspects of post-Soviet Tuvan shamanism in particular have been profoundly shaped by Russian political idioms of hierarchy and centralized power.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-10-2010
Франсуаза Досэ Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 378-381. 
В России так называемый «период перехода к демократии» начался на десять лет позже, чем аналогичные процессы в Латинской Америке. Сравнительные работы,  посвященные  этому  вопросу,  рассматривали  роль  гражданского  общества в падении авторитарных режимов в обоих регионах. К концу 1990-х годов, однако,  многие  социологи  отмечали  разницу  между  Россией  и  странами  Латинской Америки. На фоне растущего разочарования процессами демократизации ученые объясняли  трудности  этого  перехода  в  России  слабостью  гражданского  общества.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-07-2013
Гертруд Хювельмайер Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013.  № 1. С. 172-176. 
Данная статья основывается на этнографических полевых исследованиях, проводящихся на берлинских, пражских и варшавских рынках. В качестве основных в статье освещаются следующие вопросы: 1) пространственная преемственность социалистического прошлого и постсоциалистического настоящего, 2) мобильность и транснациональные социоэкономические практики, 3) рынки как места культурного обмена и конфликтов. Как уже говорилось, торговцы и покупатели на рынках имеют разное этническое происхождение. Эта статья посвящена мигрантам из Вьетнама.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-10-2010
Энрике Перуццотти Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 373-377. 
Демократический период, который начался в Аргентине в 1983 году, отличался от более ранних демократических опытов характерными новыми формами отношений между гражданами и политическими деятелями страны. Наиболее ощутимое новшество заключается в появлении более просвещенных и требовательных граждан, намеренных воплотить существовавшие прежде демократические идеалы в новое требование подотчетности государства — обществу.
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