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Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics

Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2005
Luther G. Tweeten, William A. Amponsah Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 88-94. 
This paper briefly outlines a topology of small farms and then considers the role of the government versus the market in key public policies such as commodity income support, environment, stability, research, and rural development. A number of options are explored for public policy to better serve small farms, including drastic alternatives such as graduated property taxes on farmland, with exemptions or lower rates for small farms. These and other alternatives are not necessarily recommended. Improved extension education and human resource development offer some of the most promising public policy opportunities to help small farmers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2005
Rigoberto A. Lopez, Marilyn A. Altobello, Farhed A. Shah Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994.  Vol. 26. No. 2. P. 485-496. 
This article develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the role of state-level policies towards the dairy sector in the presence of farmland amenity benefits, and applies it to Connecticut. Milk supply, demand and amenity benefit functions are estimated, and three exogenously determined milk prices are considered. The empirical findings show, under each price scenario, the extent to which land is underallocated to the dairy sector if amenity benefits are ignored. Analysis of policy options reveals that a partial production cost subsidy represents the least-cost alternative for attaining the socially optimal solution for the region.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2003
Ntam Baharanyi, Robert Zabawa, Evelyn Boateng Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2000.  Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 357-361. 
These comments discuss the presentations by Christy, Wenner, and Dassie ("A Microenterprise- Centered Economic Development Strategy for the Rural South: Sustaining Growth with Economic Opportunity") and Freshwater ("What Can Social Scientists Contribute to the Challenges of Rural Economic Development?") in three sections. These are a brief overview of the Southern Black Belt and its rural development needs, an assessment of the microenterprise-centered economic development strategy for the rural South, and a quick review of what social scientists can contribute to the challenges of rural economic development. This approach also emphasizes the authors' background at a historically black land-grant university, and the belief that as goes the Black Belt, so goes the rural South.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005
Steve W. Martinez, Kevin E. Smith, Kelly D. Zering Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 301-311. 
This study examines the motivation behind contracts and vertical integration in the pork industry, and simulates the effects of potential improvements in coordination. Incentives related to lowering costs of measuring and sorting hogs, and protecting against opportunistic behavior associated with specific assets, can result in hog quality improvements. A framework for simulating the effects of increased coordination through contracts and vertical integration was developed and used to evaluate potential improvements in leanness. Although simulations suggest only modest changes in pork prices and supplies, gains in consumers’ surplus could be substantial for larger demand shifts due to quality improvements.
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-03-2005
Kamhon Kan, Tsu-Tan Fu Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 397-407. 
The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate Taiwanese married women’s grocery shopping behavior in relation to their labor force participation status. In this study, focus is limited to their grocery shopping frequency which is meant to be a proxy for an input to household production, i.e., food at home. A Poisson switching regression model is developed to estimate parameters of married women’s shopping behavior. The results show that the labor force participation status does have a great impact on time allocation behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-03-2005
R. Wes Harrison, Barry W. Bobst, Fred J. Benson, A. Lee Meyer Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 247-262. 
A stochastic budget simulator and generalized stochastic dominance are used to compare the risk management properties of grazing contracts to futures and option contracts. The results show that the risks of backgrounding feeder cattle are reduced significantly for pasture owners in a grazing contract. However, the risks of the cattle owner in a grazing contract are not significantly reduced. The results also show that generally risk averse pasture owners prefer grazing contracts to integrated production when traditional hedging is used to manage price risks. In addition, grazing contracts compare favorably with put option contracts for some pasture owners.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005
Barry K. Goodwin, Terry L. Kastens Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994.  Vol. 26. No. 2. P. 497-505. 
This study evaluates the attitudes of U.S. (Kansas) farmers regarding “free-trade”and “free-market”policy environments. In contrast to earlier studies, non-specific policy attitudes are evaluated. A direct measure of farm program benefits is also included. Attitudes vary significantly with farm and operator characteristics. Support for free trade was shown to decrease with education and experience, to increase for farms with relatively more rented land, and to increase as total farm wealth increased. Support for free-trade was also higher for crop farms. Farms receiving more government payments are less likely to favor a free-trade policy environment.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-02-2005
Nicholas G. Kalaitzandonakes, Michael J. Monson Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994.  Vol. 26. No. 1. P. 200-208. 
This study investigated the influence of economic, personal, and attitudinal factors on the Intended conservation effort of a sample of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)contract holders after their contracts have expired. Economic factors were found to dominate the decision about future conservation effort. Attitudes towards conservation were found to have no significant influence on the decision. This fact may relate to the recent changes in the regulatory environment brought about by the 1985 Food Security Act which changed conservation from a voluntary to regulated nature.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
M.S. Deepak, Thomas Spreen, John VanSickle Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 433-443. 
This study evaluates the economic impact of a ban on methyl bromide on the U.S. winter fresh vegetable market for six major crops: tomatoes, green peppers, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, and watermelons. Florida is the primary domestic supplier of these products. Mexico and Texas are the competing suppliers of the five vegetable crops and peppers, respectively. Leontief technologies represent both monocrop and double-crop production systems; linear inverse demand functions represent four demand regions in the U.S. and Canada. By increasing production costs and reducing yields, a ban on methyl bromide decreases Florida’s FOB revenues by 54% and increases those of Mexico by 65%.Price increases to U.S. fresh vegetable consumers range from near zero to over 10%, depending upon the commodity and location.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-11-2003
Dhazn Gillig, Bruce A. McCarl, Frederick O. Boadu Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2001.  Vol. 33. No. 1.
Regional water scarcity has motivated the South Central Texas Regional Water Planning Group to actively develop water management plans to address long-/short-term regional water needs. This study, therefore, develops an integrated Edwards Aquifer groundwater and river system simulation model to determine the “best” choice of regional water management plans using mixed-integer linear programming. The economic, hydrologic, and environmental consequences of the “best” choice of regional and other water management plans and options are evaluated and compared. Results indicate a tradeoff between the economic and environmental benefits. A slight decrease in economic benefit results in a substantial increase in environmental benefit.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005
Patricia E. McLean-Meyinsse, Jianguo Hui, Randolph Joseph Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994.  Vol. 26. No. 2. P. 379-385. 
The study examines Louisiana small fanners’ reasons for not participating in the Conservation Reserve Program {CRP), their awareness of the program. and their willingness to participate in the program. The results suggest that: farmers do not participate in the CRP if revenues from cropland are an important source of income, or if they are tenants; awareness is significantly related to education, income, race, and average return per acre; willingness is positively influenced by payment per acre, age, and farm status. Participation depends on whether payments per acre are comparable to the opportunity costs of removing cropland from production.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-03-2005
Gary R. Vieth, Pramote Suppapanya Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 381–391. 
This research examines the predictability of a profit maximization model, an expected value-variance utility maximization (E-V) model, and two versions of the target-MOTAD model for modeling risky agricultural production decisions. Model solutions were translated into expected value and variance of farm income for analysis. Direct comparison and chi-square analysis of actual and predicted expected income distributions were used in the analyses. It was concluded that the utility maximization and cash-cost target-MOTAD models predicted distributions of farm income better than the variable-cost target-MOTAD and profit maximization models.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-11-2003
Andrew A. Washington, Robert W. Lawson, Richard L. Kilmer Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2000.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 113-121. 
From 1993–1995, Florida dairy cooperatives implemented a seasonal pricing plan in an attempt to decrease the variability in seasonal production, Farmers that participated in the seasonal pricing plan were able to reduce seasonality in each year when compared to 1992 by as much as 20 percent. For farmers that did not participate, seasonality increased in each year by as much as 32 percent. Overall, the seasonal pricing plan was effective in reducing seasonality for those farmers that chose to participate in the plan and that its limited short-run success was the result of seasonality increases by non-participating farms.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005
B.J. Hubbell, Rick Welsh Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2004.  Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 285-299. 
Geographic concentration in US. hog production from 1974–96 is investigated using a measure based on Theil’s entropy index. For the U.S. as a whole, geographic concentration is occurring at a slow rate, both for hog farms and hog numbers. However, for particular states, primarily in the new Southern Atlantic production region, concentration is high and increasing at a rapid pace. Concentration was increasing for the 23-year period for 16 out of the 20 states in the analysis. Results indicate that geographic concentration by augmentation is occurring to the greatest degree in Arkansas, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-11-2003
Nicole A. Elmer, Amy Purvis Thurow, Jason L. Johnson, C. Parr Rosson Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2001.  Vol. 33. No. 3.
The Dixit-Pindyck model was applied to examine the hypothesis that uncertainty associated with grapefruit production costs and returns is an important determinant of Texas grapefruit growers’ investment behavior. Freezes, price variability, and the effects of expanded trade were analyzed as risk factors. An investment decision rule based on a net-present value calculation would approve a 25-year commitment to a 20-acre grapefruit grove, given a 6-percent discount rate. The modified hurdle rate, calculated using and ex ante version of the Dixit-Pindyck model, is 24 percent. The major source of the risk borne by Texas grapefruit investors is from freezes, rather than from expanded trade.
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