Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Giannis Karagiannis, Stelios D. Katranidis, Kostas Velentzas Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996. Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 369-379.
An alternative version of decomposition analysis, based on factor cost shares rather than input demand functions, is presented and applied to Greek agriculture. Decomposition analysis shows that most of the changes in factor cost shares during the period from 1973 to 1989 are attributed to technical change and factor substitution, while the role of the scale effect is small, except that of fertilizer. The decomposition analysis results are then used to analyze the implications of Greece’s fertilizer and feed subsidy removal, which took place in 1990.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-04-2005Sri R.M. Andayani, Daniel S. Tilley Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1997. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 279-289.
Indonesia is a rapidly growing and competitive market for U.S. fruit. A restricted, source differentiated, almost ideal demand system is estimated for apples, oranges, grapes, and other fruit in Indonesia. The Marshallian expenditure elasticities for U.S. fruit are estimated to be between 1.01 and 1.21. For grapes and oranges, competition with other fruits appears to be more important than competition with other supply sources. For apples, strong source differentiated substitution relationships are found.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-02-2005Rodolfo M. Nayga Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996. Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 303-312.
This study examines how sociodemographic characteristics of a household’s main meal planner affect use of nutritional information concerning ingredients, health benefits, calories, sodium, vitamins/minerals, fiber, fat, cholesterol, and sugar content on food packages. Results generally suggest that well-educated, female main meal planners are more likely to use various types of nutritional information than others. Main meal planners who place more importance on nutrition but less importance on taste and those who have a higher perception of the healthfulness of their diet are more likely to use nutritional information on packages than others. Household size, race, employment status, urbanization, region, age, and income are also significant factors.
Опубликовано на портале: 10-03-2005Barry K. Goodwin, Bryan Schurle, D.W. Norman, S.G. Freyenberger, L.E. Bloomquist, D.L. Regehr Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1997. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 385-396.
On-farm research (OFR) has increased in popularity in the U.S. in recent years due to heightened interest in sustainability issues, the likely decline in resources available for agricultural research, and increasing pressures for accountability and responsiveness to state and local needs. Information relating to OFR was obtained from 431 commercial Kansas farmers. Data were analyzed to determine the degree of OFR being implemented, and three models were estimated to identify which farrner/farrn characteristics influenced its implementation, The results indicate that OFR is commonly implemented, and that several farm/farmer characteristics are related to the degree of OFR initiated. It is proposed that to maximize the return from externally initiated OFR, there would be merit in focusing attention on farms/farmers with those characteristics.
Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2005Steven T. Yen, Lynn E. Dellenbarger, Alvin R. Schupp Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 253-262.
This study investigates the determinants of crawfish consumption m South Louisiana using a generalized limited dependent variable model that accounts for both participation and consumption decisions. Income, Catholic, white, and household size increase the likelihood of crawfish consumption but not the conditional level of consumption. Education and employment status are among the other household characteristics that determine the conditional level of consumption.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2005Donald E. Farris, Patrick J. Byrne, Jerry C. Namken, Charles D. Lambert, Oral Capps Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1994. Vol. 26. No. 1. P. 183-199.
Key determinants of monthly wholesale prices for 12 beef cuts include the quantity of the specific cut, stickiness in prices, marketing costs, quantities of pork and chicken, and seasonality. Seasonal patterns across the respective cuts are very different. Relative to the price in December, prices at the wholesale level in other months can be as much as 6 percent lower to as much as 21 percent higher.
Опубликовано на портале: 09-03-2005Robert L. Kellogg, Don W. Goss Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1997. Vol. 29. No. 1. P. 77-86.
In the fields of agriculture and resource economics, good economics is predicated by good science. By partnering more with physical scientists, economists will be better able to provide the broad policy-making community with practical recommendations for addressing resource issues. An example of collaboration is presented for the development of environmental indicators of the potential risk to the environment of the loss of pesticides from farm fields, which will be used by economists to adjust conventionally measured agricultural output for water quality impacts associated with agricultural production.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-02-2005Luanne Lohr, Steven D. Hanson Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 510-521.
Number of suppliers, approximation of equal-shares market condition and market share held by in-state sources were calculated to determine diversity of sources for 10 fresh fruits and vegetables in eight U.S. wholesale markets. Specificity of growing conditions is associated with few supply sources, unequal market shares and limited purchases from in-state suppliers. For crops with few sources, lower perishability and greater transportability are correlated with greater balance in market shares. For crops with many supply sources, greater perishability and greater transportability are consistent with large market share from imports. Diversity across all commodities can increase market share for local producers.
Do the Japanese Discriminate Against Australian Beef Imports?: Evidence From the Differential Approach [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Dave D. Weatherspoon, James L. Scale Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 536-543.
This paper considers an application of the differential approach to Japanese demand for beef imports from 1970 to 1993. Results of homothetic demand and negative (significant) ownprice elasticities indicate that the Japanese did not discriminate against Australian beef, but the decrease in Australia’s trade shares was due to changes in relative prices.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005X.M. Gao, Eric J. Wailes, Gail L. Cramer Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 363-376.
Per capita rice consumption in the U.S. has doubled over the past decade. The effects of social and demographic variables on the household’s rice consumption decisions are analyzed along with income and price variables. A double-hurdle model is used to solve simultaneously the consumer decisions whether to purchase rice and how much. The joint decision hypothesis is tested and accepted. The non-normal distribution of error terms may be responsible for possible bias in the empirical test of the joint decision hypothesis. The hyperbolic sine transformation is used to correct the problem in this study prior to testing the joint decision hypothesis.
Опубликовано на портале: 24-02-2005Patrick O’Brien Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996. Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 12-23.
The 1995 Farm Bill debate proved different than many economists expected. It was overwhelmingly budget-driven. Few early concerns about the role of government, efficiency, equity, competitiveness, environment, rural development, and food were addressed. Economic analysis played a different role than anticipated. Models of who and how farm policy is made proved misleading; the debate circumvented the traditional process. Economic models were used more to perform budget accounting than substantive analysis. And their substantive analyses often failed to capture the attention of policymakers. Hence, while a reformist economist’s dream, the bill leaves as many issues unanswered as it addresses.
Опубликовано на портале: 10-03-2005Jeffrey D. Mullen, George W. Norton, Dixie W. Reaves Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998. Vol. 29. No. 1. P. 243-253.
Public support for integrated pest management (IPM) is derived in part from concerns over food safety and the environment, yet few studies have assessed the economic value of health and environmental benefits of 1PM.An approach is suggested for such an assessment and applied to the Virginia peanut 1PM program. Effects of IPM on environmental risks posed by pesticides are assessed and society’s willingness to pay to reduce those risks is estimated. The annual environmental benefits of the peanut IPM program are estimated at $844,000. The estimates of pesticide risks and willingness to pay can be applied elsewhere in economic assessments of IPM.
Economic and Environmental Effects Associated with Reducing the Use of Atrazine: An Example of Cross-Disciplinary Research [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-04-2005Marc O. Ribaudo, Terrance M. Hurley Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1997. Vol. 29. No. 1. P. 87-97.
Restricting or eliminating the use of atrazine in the Midwest would have important economic consequences for farmers, consumers, and the environment. These consequences can only be evaluated with cooperation between economists and weed scientists. The weed control choice set available to farmers cannot be observed through deductive research. Economists and weed scientists worked together to identify all possible weed control strategies for corn and sorghum in the Midwest and to incorporate them into an economic model. An atrazine ban was found to be the costliest strategy, and a targeted, water-quality based strategy the most cost effective.
Economic and Fiscal Impacts of a Retirement/Recreation Community: A Study of Tellico Village, Tennessee [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 21-02-2005Paul B. Siegel, Raymond M. Leuthold Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1993. Vol. 25. No. 2. P. 134-147.
Retirement/recreation communities (RRCS) have been promoted as a way for some rural regions to develop their economies. RRCS can have substantial economic impacts (changes in employment and income) and fiscal impacts (changes in local government revenues and costs) on rural communities, Because the magnitude and direction of these impacts are site-specific, assessments of RRCS as a rural development strategy should consider both the economic and fiscal impacts for a given region. This paper presents a case study of the economic and fiscal impacts of Tellico Village on Loudon County, Tennessee.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-04-2005Jeffrey H. Dorfman, Christopher S. McIntosh Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1997. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 337-345.
Forecasts of economic time series are often evaluated according to their accuracy as measured by either quantitative precision or qualitative reliability. We argue that consumers purchase forecasts for the potential utility gains from utilizing them, not for their accuracy. Using Monte Carlo techniques to incorporate the temporal heteroskedasticity inherent in asset returns, the expected utility of a set of qualitative forecasts is simulated for corn and soybean futures prices. Monetary values for forecasts of various reliability levels are derived. The method goes beyond statistical forecast evaluation, allowing individuals to incorporate their own utility function and trading system into valuing a set of asset price forecasts