Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
Agribusiness Industry Expectations of Computer Skills of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Students [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Kerry K. Litzenberg Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 104-111.
The Agricultural Economics profession has been using computer technology in their research, extension and teaching program for over three decades. However, commonly accepted nomenclature for the types and levels of computer skills required of students by agribusiness employers has not been developed. This paper provides a framework for agricultural economics and agribusiness instructors to both plan and evaluate the type and levels of computer skills being taught to graduates of their program.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-02-2005Carlton G. Davis, Max R. Langham Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 21-34.
Agricultural industrialization and sustainable development issues are important contemporary areas of debate. This paper argues that the two processes are a consequence of a set of forces operating in our global system. It outlines a number of conceptual interactions between the two phenomena and examines economic development and sustainable development policy implications that appear to be logical extensions of the arguments presented.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Mark Drabenstott Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 13-20.
Industrialization is rapidly becoming a topic of great attention. Driven by fundamental economic forces, industrialization seems likely to advance more quickly in the coming decade to more industry segments. By changing the way agriculture does business, industrialization will also bring change to public policy and agricultural institutions. Commodity policy will increasingly be out of step with a product-oriented industry And as industrialization blurs the lines between producers and processors, land grant universities and the extension service will face challenges assessing who their customers are.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Christopher A. Nubern, Richard L. Kilmer Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 460-474.
This article evaluates the effects of alternative fluid milk procurement strategies on the aggregate net revenue of Florida cooperative members. They are (I) supplemental milk obtained from import sources, (2) supplemental milk obtained from a supply plant, (3) increased supply as a result of an expanded production area, and (4) supplemental milk obtained through pooling arrangements with regional dairy cooperatives. The final ranking of a scenario appears to be dependent primarily on the total cost of exports within the model. The optimum procurement strategy for Florida cooperatives should concentrate on reducing the quantity of surplus milk.
Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2005Steven T. Yen, Lynn E. Dellenbarger, Alvin R. Schupp Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 253-262.
This study investigates the determinants of crawfish consumption m South Louisiana using a generalized limited dependent variable model that accounts for both participation and consumption decisions. Income, Catholic, white, and household size increase the likelihood of crawfish consumption but not the conditional level of consumption. Education and employment status are among the other household characteristics that determine the conditional level of consumption.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-02-2005Luanne Lohr, Steven D. Hanson Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 510-521.
Number of suppliers, approximation of equal-shares market condition and market share held by in-state sources were calculated to determine diversity of sources for 10 fresh fruits and vegetables in eight U.S. wholesale markets. Specificity of growing conditions is associated with few supply sources, unequal market shares and limited purchases from in-state suppliers. For crops with few sources, lower perishability and greater transportability are correlated with greater balance in market shares. For crops with many supply sources, greater perishability and greater transportability are consistent with large market share from imports. Diversity across all commodities can increase market share for local producers.
Do the Japanese Discriminate Against Australian Beef Imports?: Evidence From the Differential Approach [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Dave D. Weatherspoon, James L. Scale Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 536-543.
This paper considers an application of the differential approach to Japanese demand for beef imports from 1970 to 1993. Results of homothetic demand and negative (significant) ownprice elasticities indicate that the Japanese did not discriminate against Australian beef, but the decrease in Australia’s trade shares was due to changes in relative prices.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005X.M. Gao, Eric J. Wailes, Gail L. Cramer Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 363-376.
Per capita rice consumption in the U.S. has doubled over the past decade. The effects of social and demographic variables on the household’s rice consumption decisions are analyzed along with income and price variables. A double-hurdle model is used to solve simultaneously the consumer decisions whether to purchase rice and how much. The joint decision hypothesis is tested and accepted. The non-normal distribution of error terms may be responsible for possible bias in the empirical test of the joint decision hypothesis. The hyperbolic sine transformation is used to correct the problem in this study prior to testing the joint decision hypothesis.
Effect of Proposed Grain Standards on Marketing Costs of the U.S. Sorghum Sector: An Interregional Transshipment-Plant Location Model [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Houshmand A. Ziari, Stephen Fuller, Warren Grant, Vinod Sutaria Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 238-252.
Recent legislative initiatives call for studies to evaluate costs associated with cleaning U.S. grains to meet more stringent standards. This paper reports on a study which developed a mixed-integer programming model of the U.S. sorghum sector to (I) determine the least-cost geographic location for new cleaning investment at the country, terminal and port elevator stages of the marketing system and (2) measure additional system marketing costs associated with implementing the proposed standards. Results show the least-cost cleaning location to be at country and terminal elevators in excess supply regions, implementing the proposed standard would increase system costs about 2 percent.
Опубликовано на портале: 16-02-2005Judith I. Stallmann, James H. Nelson Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 475-487.
Employment history affects subsequent choices. Based on their original job choice, operators are divided into farmers and workers. Equations are estimated to determine their probabilities of working off-the-farm. Education increases the probability that workers work off the- farm, whereas vocational training increases farmers’ probability. The probability of working off-the-farm decreases as unearned income increases, and its impact on workers is larger than on farmers. An employed spouse increases the probability that farmers work off-the-farm, but has the opposite impact for workers. Employment density increases the probability that workers will work off-the-farm.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005E. Jane Luzar, Assane Diagne, Christopher Gan, Brenda R. Henning Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 544-555.
Nature-based tourism (NBT), alternatively known as ecotourism, is a rapidly expanding area in the tourism travel sector. States such as Louisiana with a well established urban-based tourism industry may have expansion opportunities through development of complementary nature-based tourism. This study analyzes the decision to participate in nature-based tourism and identifies factors, including attitudinal, that influence the decision to participate in NBT among Louisiana tourists.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005James W. Mjelde, Ronald C. Griffin, Oral Capps Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 197-211.
Impacts of alternative specifications for heteroscedastic error structures are examined by estimating various production functions for corn in Central Texas. Production- and profit maximizing levels of inputs and the shape of the profit equation obtained from models not corrected for heteroscedasticity differed from those obtained from models corrected for heteroscedasticity. Using the profit-maximizing input levels for each production function gave essentially the same estimated yield and profit, regardless of the specification for heteroscedasticity employed. Differences of up to one-quarter to one-third are noted, however, in the amount of profit maximizing levels of inputs used, depending on the heteroscedasticity correction.
Experimental Examination of a Thin Market: Price Behavior in a Declining Terminal Market Revisited [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 18-02-2005Robert G. Nelson, Stephen C. Turner Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 149-160.
Perceived characteristics of thin markets are described and approaches to furthering their study are suggested. Design features of a laboratory thin market, patterned after a typical livestock marketing situation, are described. Price bias and variation from a “thick” private negotiation market with 22 traders is compared to that from a “thin” auction market with 8 traders. No systematic price bias was found m any of the markets. Price variation was actually lower in the thin auction market.
Опубликовано на портале: 17-02-2005Eustacius N. Betubiza, David J. Leatham Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 112-126.
A tobit econometric procedure was used to examine the effect of selected demand and supply factors on nonreal estate agricultural lending by commercial banks in Texas. Results show that banks have reduced their agricultural loan portfolios in response to increased use of interest sensitive deposits after deregulation, Moreover, almost half of this decrease came from banks that stopped making agricultural loans. Also, results show that banks affiliated with multi-bank holding companies lend less money to agriculture relative to their assets than do independent banks.
Factors Affecting the Probability of Consuming Fish and Shellfish in the Away from Home and at Home Markets [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-02-2005Oral Capps, Rodolfo M. Nayga Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 161-171.
Models are developed to measure the effect of socioeconomic factors on the probability of consuming fish and shellfish in both the away from home and at home markets. Factors that significantly affect the likelihood of eating fish and shellfish at home include: urbanization, region, race, ethnicity, age, diet status and income, On the other hand, region, employment, diet status, household size, age and income significantly affect the likelihood of eating fish and shellfish away from home.