Journal of Financial Economics
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-06-2006David Yermack Journal of Financial Economics. 2003. Vol. 40. No. 2. P. 185-211.
The author presents evidence consistent with theories that small boards of directors are more effective. Using Tobin's Q as an approximation of market valuation, he finds an inverse association between board size and firm value in a sample of 452 large U.S. industrial corporations between 1984 and 1991. The result is robust to numerous controls for company size, industry membership, inside stock ownership, growth opportunities, and alternative corporate governance structures. Companies with small boards also exhibit more favorable values for financial ratios, and provide stronger CEO performance incentives from compensation and the threat of dismissal
Опубликовано на портале: 17-04-2007Tatiana Nenova Journal of Financial Economics. 2003. Vol. 68. No. 3. P. 325-351.
This paper measures the value of corporate voting rights, specifically of the control block of votes, in a sample of 661 dual-class firms in 18 countries, in 1997. A consistent measure across countries is proposed. The measure is adjusted for takeover probability, block-holding costs, and dividend and liquidity differences between the share classes. The value of controlblock votes varies widely across countries. It is close to half of firm market value in South Korea, and close to zero in Finland. The value of control-block votes is interpreted as a lower bound for actual private benefits of the controlling shareholder. The legal environment, law enforcement, investor protection, takeover regulations, andpower-concentrating corporate charter provisions explain 68% of the cross-country variation in the value of control-block votes.