PERI Working paper series
Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2003Gerald Friedman PERI Working paper series. 2001. No. 14.
Society makes property. Economic systems are defined by what they allow to become property, and the extent of property varies enormously. Some allow property claims to fixed objects, such as land and trees, sometimes including the ephemeral, such as wildlife or flowing water. Some extend property to include ideas (patents); a few include human beings themselves as chattel slaves. Societies also differ in the intensive rights they accord property holders, the bundle of state enforced privileges attaching responsibility for the impact actions have on others. Intensive rights prevent us from assessing law as involving more or less protection to property because each use of property affects the property of others. Property has intensive dimensions because it involves reciprocal relationships among people; my intensive right to use property diminishes your right to be free of intrusion. This makes property law distributional. Few dispute that property law has important effects on income distribution, but some choose to emphasize arguments over efficiency.