Politics & Society
Associational Membership and Social Capital in Comparative Perspective: A Note on the Problems of Measurement (Ассоциированное членство и социальный капитал в перспективе сравнения: замечания к проблемам измерения) [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 10-01-2003Laura Morales Diez de Ulzurrun Politics & Society. 2002. No. 3. P. 497-523.
Organizational membership seems to be linked to a more participatory and informed political culture, to foster electoral participation, and to promote positive feelings toward democracy. More recently, the social capital and associative democracy debates have introduced new arguments about the positive effects of associational involvement. However, little attention has been paid to the problems of measuring associational involvement and to their consequences for our theories. This article discusses the various problems of validity and reliability of our measurements of associational membership. It is shown that different questionnaire for-mats produce substantially different results. The article also addresses the issue of measurement errors and emphasizes the problems they introduce when doing cross-national comparisons.
The Political Paradox of Finance Capitalism: Interests, Preferences, and Center-Left Party Politics in Corporate Governance Reform. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-11-2008Martin Höpner, John W Cioffi Politics & Society. 2006. Vol. 34. No. 4. P. 463-502.
A striking paradox underlies corporate governance reform during the past fifteen years: center-left political parties have pushed for pro-shareholder corporate governance reforms, while the historically pro-business right has generally resisted them to protect established forms of organized capitalism, concentrated corporate stock ownership, and managerialism. Case studies of Germany, France, Italy, and the United States reveal that center-left parties used corporate governance reform to attack the legitimacy of existing political economic elites, present themselves as pro-growth and pro-modernization, strike political alliances with segments of the financial sector, and appeal to middle-class voters. Conservative parties’ established alliances with managers constrained them from endorsing corporate governance reform.