Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2003Martin Brand, Graham Jenkinson Economic Trends. 2000. no 558.
The article catalogues the major improvements and changes which were made during the last decade of the 20th century. It charts the transition from a climate of doubt and criticisms at the end of the 80s to the UK national accounts and economic statistics being recognised as among the best in the world.The success of the initiatives listed in the article can be seen in the quality of the statistical outputs which are more timely, more consistent, more complete and subject to less revision. ONS is more open about the quality adjustments, which are made to make the accounts balance. We routinely publish survey sample errors and other diagnostics, showing improvements. Our users recognise this both within government and in our established users groups. One concrete result is that all the reservations put on the national accounts in the mid 90s by the European Commission have now been lifted.The article splits the decade into two phases. The first lasted until the mid 90s, implementing the remedial action needed as a result of criticisms. The second phase since the mid 90s built on this foundation, introducing many methodological improvements, making the surveys more efficient and developing new products. It is essential reading for all those with an interest in economic statistics.
Опубликовано на портале: 26-04-2003David Caplan Economic Trends. 1998. no 539.
This article reports on work done within the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to improve the measurement of non-market output within the national accounts. The initial ideas were presented in an Economic Trends article in February 1998. This article describes the work which has been done and explains the methodology which is being adopted for some output series from the 1998 Blue Book. This article begins with a description of the issues and looks at approaches to handling these. It then explains the methods used in this years Blue Book and describes the impact on published data. Finally there is a discussion of the areas where research was less successful and the possible direction of future research.
Regional, sub-regional and local area household income for UK's Regions, and smaller areas, includes tabulated estimates of: income per capita; taxes per capita; and related items [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003Andrew Linacre Economic Trends. 2004. No. 582.
Presented in this article are measures of per capita Gross Household Disposable Incomes for various geographic areas within the United Kingdom. Tabulations also describe the level of Total Household Income, as well as the size of components such as employment income, social security income and tax payments.At the regional and sub-regional level of UK geographies, figures cover each calendar year 1995 to 1999. Regional figures update the provisional estimates published in July 2001. At the local area level (UK comprises 133 local areas), income levels and income composition are described for the combined period 1997 to 1999.Income redistributive effects of the social security and taxation systems may be gauged in relation to each areas ratio of social security money received - to the amount of taxes paid. In each of the lowest income Regions in 1999, social security receipts and taxation payments were in near balance. In contrast, in each of the highest income Regions tax payments are over double the level of social security benefits. Differences at local area level are more pronounced e.g. Buckinghamshire households paid taxes equal to more than four times their social security receipts, whereas North of Northern Ireland households paid taxes equal to half their social security receipts.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003David Lacey, Adam Douglas Economic Trends. 2001. no 573.
This article provides a description of the methodologies and data sources which are used to compile the regional household sector accounts. The most recent estimates of regional household sector income and consumption expenditure were published in a news release on 26th July 2001. These estimates are also included in a separate article in this edition of Economic Trends. The geographic level of breakdown of the estimates is described and a summary of each income component is provided in this article. Some understanding of national accounts methods and regional geographies is assumed throughout. For more information on these, refer to the publications listed in the references section.This article does not detail the methodology used to calculate sub-regional household sector income. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) aims to publish sub-regional household sector income estimates, along with the methodology used to produce them, in an article in Economic Trends at the end of 2001.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003Sandra Short Economic Trends. 2001. no 577.
The purpose of this article is to seek feedback on a new methodology being developed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to measure and value the output of household transport in the UK. This includes all modes of transport which are provided by the household such as car, van, motorcycle, bicycle and walking and all purposes where the cost is not already included in the UK National Accounts. The figures quoted in the article are provisional and should be interpreted cautiously, bearing in mind their sensitivity to some of the assumptions used and the sampling variability around the results. This work is experimental and the author invites feedback on the methodology and underlying assumptions.The paper outlines the information available form the National Travel Survey and the different options for valuing household transport. The second section describes the method used to gross the data and estimate the distance travelled by parties in the UK - initial estimates are included. The next section deals with the method used to value the distance travelled and looks at the sampling variability around the results. Where possible the sensitivity to certain assumptions has been tested. A brief description of how these results will fit into the transport account and areas for future developments conclude the article. The transport project is part of a programme of work to produce a Household Satellite Account (HHSA).