Journal of Labor Economics
Опубликовано на портале: 10-12-2002Barbara Petrongolo Journal of Labor Economics. 2001. Vol. 19. No. 3. P. 716-41.
The assumption of constant returns in the matching function, embodied in most bilateral search models, is crucial to ensure the uniqueness of the unemployment rate along a steady-state growth path. This article explores the empirical viability of this assumption by estimating individual reemployment probabilities on a sample of unemployment entrants. I apply hazard models to survey data on both completed and uncompleted unemployment durations. The hypothesis of constant returns to matching is not rejected, on the basis of the evidence that the job-finding hazard depends only on local labor market tightness and is independent of its size.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-07-2007John DiNardo, David Card Journal of Labor Economics. 2002. Vol. 20. No. 4. P. 733-783.
The recent rise in wage inequality is usually attributed to skill-biased technical change (SBTC), associated with new computer technologies. We review the evidence for this hypothesis, focusing on the implications of SBTC for overall wage inequality and for changes in wage differentials between groups. A key problem for the SBTC hypothesis is that wage inequality stabilized in the 1990s despite continuing advances in computer technology; SBTC also fails to explain the evolution of other dimensions of wage inequality, including the gender and racial wage gaps and the age gradient in the return to education.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003Alan J. Auerbach, Daniel R. Feenberg Journal of Labor Economics. 2000. Vol. 14. No. 3 . P. 37-56.
Using the TAXSIM model for the period 1962-95, we consider the federal tax system's impact as an automatic stabilizer. Despite the many changes in the tax system, there has been relatively little change in its role as an automatic stabilizer. We estimate that individual federal taxes offset perhaps as much as 8 percent of initial shocks to GDP. We also suggest that the progressive income tax may help to stabilize output via its effect on the supply of labor, an additional effect that may even be of similar magnitude to the more traditional path of stabilization through aggregate demand.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-02-2003Richard B. Freeman Journal of Labor Economics. 1997. Vol. 15. No. 1. P. S140-S166.
Рассматривается предложение труда добровольцев: кто чаще всего становится добровольцем, их социально-демографические характеристики. Анализируется проблема взаимозаменяемости добровольной работы и благотворительных подаяний (предварительно сформулирована гипотеза о взаимозаменяемости этих двух явлений, проведена их формализация в терминах полезности, размера подаяний, количества товаров и свободного времени).