Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration with Applications to the Demand for Money [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2004Soren Johansen, Katarina Juselius Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics. 1970. Vol. 52. No. 2. P. 169-210.
The estimation and testing of long-run relations in economic modeling are addressed. Starting with a vector autoregressive (VAR) model, the hypothesis of cointegration is formulated as the hypothesis of reduced rank of the long-run impact matrix. This is given in a simple parametric form that allows the application of the method of maximum likelihood and likelihood ratio tests. In this way, one can derive estimates and test statistics for the hypothesis of a given number of cointegration vectors, as well as estimates and tests for linear hypotheses about the cointegration vectors and their weights. The asymptotic inferences concerning the number of cointegrating vectors involve nonstandard distributions. Inference concerning linear restrictions on the cointegration vectors and their weights can be performed using the usual chi squared methods. In the case of linear restrictions on beta, a Wald test procedure is suggested. The proposed methods are illustrated by money demand data from the Danish and Finnish economies.