Journal of Monetary Economics
Опубликовано на портале: 06-04-2004Eugene F. Fama, Michael R. Gibbons Journal of Monetary Economics. 1982. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 297-323.
We find evidence for the hypothesis of Mundell (1963) and Tobin (1965) that the expected real return component of interest rates is negatively related to the expected inflation component. In the Mundell-Tobin model, the variation in expected real returns is caused by the variation in expected inflation. Our evidence suggests, however, that the variation in expected real returns is more fundamentally an outcome of the capital expenditures process. Equilibrium expected real returns vary directly with capital expenditures in order to induce equilibrium allocations of resources between consumption and investment. This positive relation between expected real returns and real activity, which comes out of the real sector, combines with a negative relation between expected inflation and real activity, which is traced to the monetary sector, thus inducing the negative relation between expected inflation and expected real returns predicted by Mundell and Tobin but explained in terms of a model much different from theirs.