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В разделе собрана информация о статьях по экономике, социологии и менеджменту. Во многих случаях приводятся полные тексты статей. (подробнее...)

American Economic Review

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Xavier Gabaix, David Laibson American Economic Review. 2000.  Vol. 90. No. 2. P. 433-438. 
Cognition requires scarce inputs, including time and concentration. Since cognition is costly, sophisticated decision-makers should use mental shortcuts, or heuristics, to reduce cognitive burdens. A model is proposed and tested that is motivated by these principles. It is believed this model achieves four goals. First, the model makes quantitative behavioral predictions and, hence, provides a precise alternative to the rational-actor hypothesis. Second, the model is psychologically plausible because it is based on the actual decisions algorithms that subjects claim to use. Third, the model is empirically testable; such a test is provided in this paper. Fourth, the model is broadly applicable, because it can be used to analyze decision problems that can be represented in tree form.
Опубликовано на портале: 19-03-2003
William Jack Baumol American Economic Review. 1958.  Vol. 5. No. 48. P. 837-873. 
Статья предназначена для читателей, занимающихся проблемами производства и распределения, но не имеющих значительной математической подготовки. Цель статьи - предоставить как минимум интуитивное понимание того, какое значение и применение в экономике имеют такие методы, как математическое и линейное программирование, анализ "затраты-выпуск".
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003
Hurvey Leibenstein American Economic Review. 1966.  Vol. 56. No. 3. P. 392-416. 
Examines empirical evidence on allocative efficiency in economics. Comparison of the merit of allocative efficiency with X-efficiency, an unindentified type of efficiency which has motivation as its major element; Analysis of the magnitude and nature of X-efficiency; View that firms and economies do not operate on an outer-bound possibility surface consistent with their resources. (Из Ebsco)
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Kristin J. Forbes American Economic Review. 2000.  Vol. 90. No. 4. P. 869-887. 
This paper challenges the current belief that income inequality has a negative relationship with economic growth. It uses an improved data set on income inequality which not only reduces measurement error, but also allows estimation via a panel technique. Results suggest that in the short and medium term, an increase in a country's level of income inequality has a significant positive relationship with subsequent economic growth.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
Dean A. Worcester American Economic Review. 1946.  Vol. 36. P. 258-277. 
Чрезвычайно полезная статья об истории такого важного и противоречивого понятия как РЕНТА. Автор подробно рассматривает происхождение этого термина (в том числе его семантику) и подходы различных экономистов к его определению и встраиванию в теорию цены. В ходе изложения различных подходов автор пытается устранить возникающие двусмысленности и сделать теорию ренты универсальной концепцией, применимой к любым факторам производства.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Rachel E. Kranton, Deborah F. Minehart American Economic Review. 2001.  Vol. 91. No. 3. P. 485-508. 
A new model of exchange is introduced: networks, rather than markets, of buyers and sellers. It begins with the empirically motivated premise that a buyer and seller must have a relationship to exchange goods. Networks - buyers, sellers, and the pattern of links connecting them - are common exchange environments. This paper develops a methodology to study network structures and explains why agents may form networks. In a model that captures characteristics of a variety of industries, the paper shows that buyers and sellers, acting strategically in their own self-interests, can form the network structures that maximize overall welfare.
Опубликовано на портале: 06-02-2003
J. Cross American Economic Review. 1965.  Vol. 55. No. 1. P. 67-94. 
Offers a precise analysis of bargaining by means of a positive theory based on familiar economic concepts. Use of Nash theory; Components and the dynamic nature of bargaining process; Three conditions needed to satisfy the outcome of bargaining process; Analysis of the dynamic process of disagreement-concession-agreement; Fixed cost of bargaining; Nash condition of symmetry on the bargaining situation. (From Ebsco)
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2004
Olivier Jean Blanchard American Economic Review. 1989.  Vol. 79. No. 5. P. 1146-1164. 
Under the traditional interpretation of macroeconomic fluctuations, aggregate demand shocks move output and prices in the same direction, while aggregate supply shocks move output and prices in opposite directions. This paper examines the joint behavior of U.S. output, unemployment, prices, wages, and nominal money and asks whether it is consistent with this interpretation. The answer is a qualified yes.
Опубликовано на портале: 08-12-2002
Andrew B. Abel, Janice C. Eberly American Economic Review. 1994.  Vol. 84 . No. 1. P. 1369-1384. 
This paper extends the theory of investment under uncertainty to incorporate fixed costs of investment, a wedge between the purchase price and sale price of capital, and potential irreversibility of investment. In this extended framework, investment is a non-decreasing function of q, the shadow price of installed capital. There are potentially three investment regimes, which depend on the value of q relative to two critical values. For values of q above the upper critical value, investment is positive and is an increasing function of q, as is standard in the theory branch of the adjustment cost literature. For intermediate values of q, between two critical values, investment is zero. Although this regime features prominently in the irreversibility literature, it is largely ignored in the adjustment cost literature. Finally, if q is below the lower critical value, gross investment is negative, a possibility that is ruled out by assumption in the irreversibility of literature. In general, however, the shadow price q is not directly observable, so we present two examples relating q to observable varieties.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 19-11-2005
Eric A. Hanushek American Economic Review. 2001.  Vol. 91. No. 2. P. 24-28. 
The estimates in the study considered whether any of the governmental or family factors individually could explain the magnitude and pattern of black-white achievement gaps. Neither the level nor the distribution of school spending appears to provide much explanation for the gaps. School spending levels show little consistent impact with any indication of differential impact on blacks being small. Direct analyses of the effects of spending equalization on performance similarly show little impact. On the other hand, governmental intervention through integration programs appears potentially more important.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-07-2004
Maurice Obstfeld American Economic Review. 1982.  Vol. 72. No. 2. P. 45-50. 
Вне зависимости от режима валютного курса стерилизованные интервенции могут рассматриваться как попытка достичь двух целей одновременно: определенного уровня обменного курса и денежной массы. Для этого необходимо, чтобы облигации номинированные в различных валютах были несовершенными субститутами. С этой точки зрения в статье обсуждается возможность и последствия стерилизации в рамках режима фиксированного курса и управляемого плавания (managed floating).
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 01-10-2003
John Richard Hicks American Economic Review. 1974.  Vol. 64. No. 2. P. 307-16. 
Offers perspectives on controversies about capital. Measure of real capital; Values of capital goods; Deflation by an index of the prices of the capital goods; Use of production functions; Concept of classical fundism; Marginal efficiency of capital in the general theory.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Cartel problems [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2004
D.K. Osborne American Economic Review. 1976.  Vol. 66. No. 5. P. 835-844. 
Argues that the problems of sharing and deterring area easily solved if the locating and detecting problems are solved, that for all its plausibility, the reasoning along the prisoners' dilemma line is incorrect. External and internal problems facing a cartel; Quota rule in a cartel; Prediction of the behavior of the firms that remain outside the cartel.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
Kelvin J. Lancaster American Economic Review. 1966.  Vol. 56. No. 2. P. 14-23. 
Новаторская статья, в которой автор предлагает рассматривать потребление как производство, в котором отдельные товары рассматриваются как ресурсы, представляющие наборы определенных свойств или характеристик. Эти объективные свойства благ и являются объектом спроса со стороны потребителей.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Gerald E. Auten, Holger Sieg, Charles Clotfelter American Economic Review. 2002.  Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 371-382. 
This study implies that taxes affect the level of contributions by way of a price effect and an income effect, each of which has two components, a transitory one and a persistent one. The findings suggest that persistent shocks in incomes have a larger impact on charitable donations than do their transitory counterparts. The most important behavioral aspect for considerations of tax policy is the persistent price effect, since transitory effects are passing. Through this effect tax reforms can have a long-lasting influence on charitable giving.