American Economic Review
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Выпуск N1 за 2002 год
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Gerald E. Auten, Holger Sieg, Charles Clotfelter American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 371-382.
This study implies that taxes affect the level of contributions by way of a price effect and an income effect, each of which has two components, a transitory one and a persistent one. The findings suggest that persistent shocks in incomes have a larger impact on charitable donations than do their transitory counterparts. The most important behavioral aspect for considerations of tax policy is the persistent price effect, since transitory effects are passing. Through this effect tax reforms can have a long-lasting influence on charitable giving.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Christos Kotsogiannis, Michael J. Keen American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 363-370.
The relative strengths of vertical and horizontal tax externalities turn on the balance between the interest responsiveness of the supply of savings and demand for capital, the extent to which immobile factors are taxed by the states, and the strength of preferences between federal and state expenditures. The vertical externality will dominate if the aggregate tax base of the federation is responsible to the state tax instrument. Tax interactions in federations are more complex than has often been supposed.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Jere R. Behrman, Mark R. Rosenzweig American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 323-334.
The positive cross-sectional relationship between the schooling of mothers and their children is substantially biased upward due to correlations between schooling and heritable ability as well as assortative mating. An increase in the schooling of women would not have beneficial effects in terms of the schooling of children. Increased maternal schooling leads to reduced home time for mothers. Anticipating the consequences of investing in women's schooling requires attention to the role that schooling plays in the marriage market as well as to opportunities in the labor market for women.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Lutz Hendricks American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 198-219.
This paper offers new evidence on the sources of cross-country income differences. It exploits the idea that observing immigrant workers from different countries in the same labor market provides an opportunity to estimate their human-capital endowments. These estimates suggest that human and physical capital account for only a fraction of cross-country income differences. For countries below 40% of the US output per worker, less than half of the output gap relative to the US is attributed to human and physical capital.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Laura Chadwick, Gary Solon American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 335-344.
New evidence on daughters' intergenerational mobility in a framework that encompasses women not in the labor force, using broader measures of economic status than just the women's own earnings, is presented, and the role of husbands' earnings is highlighted. A parallel analysis of sons' mobility is performed. Intergenerational transmission of income status may be weaker for daughters than for sons, but is still quite substantial. Assortative mating is an important element in the intergenerational transmission process.
Markets and Diversity [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Sherwin Rosen American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 1-15.
Despite the importance of diversity in economic life, only a small part of economic theory is devoted to analyzing differences. Competitive markets value diversity and sort out complex patterns of tastes and technologies that translate into supply of and demand for an enormous variety of products and factors of production. The theory of diversity applies universally and is manifest in many economic problems. This paper explores 3 themes: Markets value diversity, markets sort buyers and sellers appropriately to take advantage of heterogeneous talents and tastes, and sorting and choice create income inequality.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Brian L. Goff, Robert E. McCormick, Robert D. Tollison American Economic Review. 2002. Vol. 92. No. 1. P. 16-26.
This paper treats racial integration as an innovation in economic process in which economic entities find it advantageous to utilize potentially more productive inputs previously unavailable due to law, custom, or managerial discretion. Data on the racial integration of Major League Baseball and Atlantic Coast Conference basketball are employed to address this issue. The central question examined is which type of team integrated first - losers or winners. The results strongly support the idea that entrepreneurship trumps competitive rivalry; that is, winning teams led the process of racial integration.