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В разделе собрана информация о статьях по экономике, социологии и менеджменту. Во многих случаях приводятся полные тексты статей. (подробнее...)

American Journal of Economics and Sociology

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Franz Ritzmann American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 1999.  Vol. 58. No. 2. P. 167-192. 
From Rice Vaughan (1675): The first Invention of Money was for a Pledge and instead of a Surety" to John Manyard Keynes (1937): Our desire to hold money as a store of wealth is a barometer of the degree of our distrust, there is a tradition of monetary theory linking the demand for money with the state of confidence. In the early 19th century, Henry Thornton and Thomas Attwood analyzed the shifts in precautionary demand for money and their implications for money supply, production, employment, and the balance of payments. The tradition was interrupted during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and was subsequently revived by Keynes's General Theory.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Agnes Festre American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 2. P. 439-480. 
This paper examines and compares, in both historical and theoretical perspectives, Hayek's and Schumpeter's accounts of the role played by banks and credit in their respective explanations of business cycles. The first section is focused on the common inheritance of these two authors, which can be traced back to Wicksell, going from Mises whose Theory of Money and Credit provides a crucial link in this perspective. The following two sections deal with Hayek's and Schumpeter's respective accounts as well as critical reconstruction of this tradition. The last section is dedicated to a comparison between Hayek's and Schumpeter's views of the dynamics of monetary economies and their corresponding policy issues.
Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2003
Richard W. Stratton American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 1985.  Vol. 44. No. 3.
Discusses the influence of monopolies, monopsonies and trade-union strength on market wage differentials. Details of theoretical propositions examined in the paper; Explanation of fully observed variations in local labor market wages. (Из Ebsco)
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Jan Schnellenbach American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 193-214. 
New political economy has something very important in common with welfare economics: its focus on static, technical efficiency criteria to judge the rationality of a social, political or economic order. This often leads theorists to perceive their objects of research as well-defined problems to which clear-cut solutions can be found and prescribed as policy proposals, addressed at the policymaker or the democratic sovereign. This perspective frequently excludes important empirical phenomena from the research agenda. Although, for example, certain well-defined informational asymmetries are frequently modeled, fundamental knowledge problems such as ignorance of the true model of the economy are usually ignored. In the present paper, this approach is criticized from a Hayekian point of view, with an emphasis on the problems of scientism (i.e., the inappropriate transfer of methods from the natural to the social sciences) and irremediably imperfect knowledge, troubling both the agents in the theoretical model and the theorist.
Опубликовано на портале: 23-09-2003
Stavros Ioannides American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2003.  Vol. 62. No. 3. P. 533-. 
We explore the relevance to the theory of economic organization of the distinction introduced by Hayek between two kinds of social order: spontaneous orders and organizations. We argue that Hayek's ideas lead to an understanding of the business firm as a process, which comes very close to some of the core notions of the evolutionary theory of the firm, while they still view the firm as the outcome of a contract among asset owners. First of all, we put forth a simple conceptual schema in order to differentiate between contracts that lead to the formation of an organization and ordinary market contracts. We then explore the conditions for an understanding of the firm as a set of interconnected processes, rather than as an end state. Finally, we introduce the concept of purposeful direction as an important condition for the existence of the firm and we show the history-contingent character of the firm's growth.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Warren Young, Joris Meijaard American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 301-326. 
This paper deals with two issues. By linking culture and political systems, alternatives to the Developmental State approach are developed and the Bureaucratic State, among other types, is proposed for explaining the case of Japan. The Laffont-Tirole (L-T) model of regulatory capture is extended and a bureaucratic capture model is proposed. Variations of capture are shown to apply, given particular cultural predispositions. The case of atomic energy in Japan and the United States is then studied to assess the predictive efficacy of the extended L-T model. The paper concludes that cultural predispositions and the corresponding state types affect the degree to which capture takes place.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Peter J. Boettke, Virgil Henry Storr American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 161-191. 
This paper explores the relationship of Max Weber's social economics to the work of the Austrian School of Economics, and in particular the writings of Ludwig von Mises and F. A. Hayek. It argues that the Austrian school scholars complement and extend the work of Weber. The sophisticated form of methodological individualism found in Weber, Mises and Hayek overcomes the shortcomings of traditional economic and sociological analysis and could provide the analytical structure for a post-classical political economy.
Опубликовано на портале: 29-05-2004
Peter J. Boettke, Virgil Henry Storr American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 161-191. 
This paper explores the relationship of Max Weber's social economics to the work of the Austrian School of Economics, and in particular the writings of Ludwig von Mises and F. A. Hayek. It argues that the Austrian school scholars complement and extend the work of Weber. The sophisticated form of methodological individualism found in Weber, Mises and Hayek overcomes the shortcomings of traditional economic and sociological analysis and could provide the analytical structure for a post-classical political economy.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Shuntian Yao American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 279-299. 
This paper examines China's corruption problem with the help of several simple economic models. The concepts of implicit corruption and explicit corruption are proposed. The granting of privileges has directly created implicit corruption in China's socialist market economy. The long-term existence of the same privileged group in Chinese society has led to widespread collusion among its members, and as a result, these privileged group members, by utilizing their monopoly power, are able to seize almost all the wealth created by the ordinary Chinese people. This seizure is accomplished by means of a two-part tariff in pricing their administrative service, which is the essence of the explicit corruption. Because both implicit corruption and explicit corruption are generated by China's political system, which grants and protects privileges, unless a political reform is initiated and privileges are eliminated, China's problem of corruption will never be solved.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
A.M.C. Waterman American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 1. P. 13-51. 
This article is concerned with the positive sense of political economy: that is, as a body of theory that purports to explain economic phenomena. It proposes a following strong thesis for debate: The new political economies of the present day differ sharply in their ideological implications from those of 50 years ago. Neoclassical orthodoxy provided the intellectual foundations of a collectivist political consensus. But the new political economies have destroyed those foundations, and have replaced them with economic theories far more congenial to an earlier, laissez-faire consensus born in the European Enlightenment.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Markus C. Becker, Thorbjorn Knudsen American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 2. P. 387-403. 
This paper presents to the English-speaking reader a sample of material contained only in Schumpeter’s first German edition (1911) of Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, material subsequently omitted from later German editions and from the English translation. The newly-translated material, comprises a substantial part of the second chapter, only available in a completely rewritten version, and fully half of the famous seventh chapter, which has not been previously available at all in English. This material merits attention today because it contains remarkable and farsighted visions on economic theory that may inspire current efforts to devise models of economic and social evolution.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Arthur A. Goldsmith American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 1999.  Vol. 58. No. 4. P. 865-883. 
The international community is redoubling efforts to curb political corruption in the developing and transitional economies. The consensus now is that the abuse of public office stunts economic growth, replacing a formerly dominant view that the effect is neutral or positive. Corruption's political correlates, however, are seldom studied empirically. Using Transparency International's recently developed index of perceived corruption, the issue is explored by regression analysis in a sample of less-developed countries. Economic liberalization, political democratization, and administrative centralization are associated with lower degrees of political corruption.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
John Milios American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2000.  Vol. 59. No. 2. P. 283-302. 
The notion social class attains a well-defined theoretical content in the works of the classical political economists, who defined classes on the basis of the specific income form that each category of people (class) obtains. As economic theory became increasingly apologetic after the Marginalist Revolution (setting itself the aim of justifying capitalism), the theory of class has been totally banished from the corpus of modern (neoclassical) economic science. It is asserted that the scientific elements inherent in classical political economy's class theory were preserved by the Marxist class theory, which further revolutionized the classical approach, creating a new, purely non-economistic and non-mechanical relationist class theory, and forming thus a vivid economic-sociological approach to social classes. On the basis of the Marxist approach, complex problems concerning the class structure of contemporary societies can be tackled.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Dieter Bogenhold American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2001.  Vol. 60. No. 4. P. 829-847. 
The rising importance of dimensions such as age, gender, nationality, ethnicity, political attitudes, and multiple choices to organize the notion of life course has made the older class concept appear obsolete to the research sociologist. A thesis is that the current expanding discussions of life styles are not necessarily a substitute but a valuable supplement to social stratification theory. Life style research can contribute to the question of the relevance of the class concept. The result of the investigation shows that life style research, when connected to the writings of Thorstein Veblen, Georg Simmel, and Max Weber, can enrich research in the social sciences.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Michael Davern American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 1999.  Vol. 58. No. 4. P. 843-864. 
Several hypotheses are derived that relate social networks to the occupational prestige attainment process. These hypotheses are evaluated using theoretically derived indicators and ordinary least squares regression. Most of the hypotheses considered do not receive support, and the one hypothesis that does lacks a consistent theoretical explanation. From this analysis, two important conclusions are drawn: 1. The relationship between the prestige of a social network contact and prestige attainment may be empirically strong, but the theoretical explanation linking them lacks consistency. 2. Empirical work performed to test social network theories should no longer focus on dyadic data alone. The broader implications of these conclusions for future research are considered.