American Journal of Sociology
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002Joel I. Nelson American Journal of Sociology. 1968. Vol. 74. No. 2. P. 184-192.
Research is reported on the relation between anomie and membership in the old and the new middle class. The old and the new middle class are defined in terms of two dimensions: (1) access to large-scale industrial bureaucracies-a factor relevant to mass-society theory-and (2) ownership as opposed to management of capital-a factor relevant to a more traditional class-oriented, economic theory. The data are generally more consistent with an economic viewpoint than a mass-society viewpoint: at low and moderate income levels owners tend to be more anomic than managers; bureaucratic affiliations are not, however, related to anomie. An attempt is made to trace the differences in anomie between owners and managers to varying mobility commitments. Owners tend to be less mobility oriented than managers. When commitments to mobility are controlled, the differences on anomie between the two groups attenuate to a point where they are no longer statistically significant. This result is discussed within a more general theoretical perspective.
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002Robert W. Hodge, Donald J. Treiman American Journal of Sociology. 1968. Vol. 73. No. 5. P. 535-547.
Data derived from a national sample survey reveal that education, main earner's occupation, and family income have independent effects upon class identification. Multiple regresion analyses reveal that ownership of stocks and bonds in private companies, savings bonds, and rental property makes no significant contribution to the explanation of class identification once education, occupation, and income have been controlled. These same socioeconomic variables also account for the zero-order associations of race and union membership with class identification. However, indexes based upon the occupational levels of one's friends, neighbors, and relatives make independent contributions to one's class identification which are no less important than those made by education, occupation, and income. Thus, class identification rests not only upon one's own location in the status structure but upon the socioeconomic level of one's acquaintances.