Journal of Socio-Economics
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Harold Wolozin Journal of Socio-Economics. 2002. Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 45-57.
"...Economics is supposed to be concerned with real people. It is hard to believe that real people could be completely unaffected by the reach of the self-examination induced by the Socratic question, `How should one live?'a question that is, also a central motivating one for ethics. Can people whom economics studies really be so unaffected by this resilient question and stick exclusively to the rudimentary hard-headedness attributed to them by modern economics?" Amartya Sen, On Ethics & Economics."...Apart from a few exceptions, the international consensus view within sociology, anthropology, political science and psychology seems to be that agents are not irrational in the way that neoclassical economists presume. The orthodox economic canons of rationality are thus widely rejected elsewhere," Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Economics and Institutions."Once we realize that the human mind is everywhere active and imaginative, then we need to understand the routes of this activity if we are to grasp how the human mind works. This is true whether the mind is trying to come to grips with painful reality, reacting to trauma, coping with the everyday or just making things up. Freud called this imaginative activity phantasy, and he argued both that it functions unconsciously and that it plays a powerful role in the organization of a person's experience. This surely, contains the seeds of a profound insight into the human condition; it is the central insight of psychoanalysis...a pervasive aspect of mental life.... Are we to see humans as having depthas complex psychological organisms who generate layers of meaning which lie beneath the surface of their own understanding? Or are we to take ourselves as transparent to ourselves?" Jonathan Lear, Open Minded: Working Out the Logic of the Soul.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Flora Gill Journal of Socio-Economics. 1999. Vol. 28. No. 6. P. 725-743.
Economics views work as merely providing purchasing power. Many economists agree that there is a great deal more to work, but they nonetheless feel comfortable with this narrow description, believing that important aspects of work that they have left out of consideration have no impact on the validity of their analytical conclusions and policy propositions. This paper argues that if economics is to shed light on urgent socio-economic issues and suggest appropriate remedies, labor economics must be expanded to encompass work as a creative endeavor - an escape from social isolation - and to acknowledge the analytical implications of the workplace as a social microcosm, which is, inter alia, governed by power relationships. This paper presents lessons from an investigation of the meaning of work in a number of cognate disciplines and outlines their implication for labor economics and for policy seeking to advance the cause of social justice.
The volunteer's folly and socio-economic man: Some thoughts on altruism, rationality, and community [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Trevor M. Knox Journal of Socio-Economics. 1999. Vol. 28. No. 4. P. 475-492.
Altruistic volunteers are either not truly altruistic or not rational, according to traditional economic analysis. They are not altruistic if they volunteer to receive a utility benefit, and they are not rational if they choose to volunteer when monetary contribution would be more efficient. Economic man is a fool to volunteer. However, socio-economic man is shrewder. Socio-economic man is moderately deontological, path-dependent, nonmonetary, nonrationally motivated, and community-minded. Corresponding elements of socio-economic rationality that allow for rational, altruistic volunteers are considerd. The five elements considered are: 1, nonconsequentialist reasons, 2. constitutive choices, 3. pricelessness, 4. nonrational motivation, and 5. community preference production.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Elias L. Khalil Journal of Socio-Economics. 1999. Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 157-173.
Two kinds of order are distinguished: the order of the firm and other organizations, such as households and states, and the order of the market and other structures, such as networks and associations. The dichotomy parallels the difference between organisms and ecosystems. While both kinds are spontaneous, i.e., not artificial or designed by an external agency, they differ in one important aspect. While structures express efficient arrangement given the constraining variables, organizations involve political constitutions expressing coherent individuality whose nature is not premised on efficiency considerations. The dichotomy sheds light on the difference between market dynamics and organization development.
Well-being at work: A cross-national analysis of the levels and determinants of job satisfaction [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Alfonso Sousa-Poza, Andres A. Sousa-Poza Journal of Socio-Economics. 2000. Vol. 29. No. 6. P. 517-538.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the levels and determinants of job satisfaction in a cross-national setting. This aim is accomplished using the latest Work Orientations data set from the International Social Survey Program (ISSP). The survey was conducted in 1997 and, in this paper, data for 21 countries are used. The main results are: (1) workers in all countries are quite satisfied, (2) Denmark is the country with the highest job-satisfaction level, (3) a comparison with the 1989 ISSP data set reveals that job satisfaction has declined in Germany and the US in the 1990s, (4) using a bottom-up psychological model, in which work-role inputs are compared with work-role outputs, cross-national differences are explained, (5) having an interesting job and having good relations with management are the two most important work-role outputs, and having an exhausting job is the most important work-role input, (6) workers in Eastern European countries tend to value high income.