Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований
Stephan Merl. Politische Kommunikation in der Diktatur: Deutschland und die Sowjetunion im Vergleich. Göttingen, Germany: Wallstein Verlag, 2012. Beate [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2015Beate Fieseler Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 3. С. 119-121.
Strategies of Complaint: Interest Organizations of GDR Staatssicherheit Coworkers after German Reunification [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2015Amieke Bouma Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 3. С. 27-54.
This article looks at the strategies of former GDR state, security service, and army personnelinterest groups unified in the East German Board of Associations (OKV). The largestof these, the Joint Initiative for the Protection of the Social Rights of Former Membersof Armed Bodies and the Customs Administration of the GDR (ISOR), aims to achievethe full restoration of the original pension rights of these groups — and especially offormer Stasi members. Since its establishment in 1991, ISOR has chosen legal complaintsas its main form of action. This strategy is accompanied by petitioning and sendingletters to politicians. I argue that ISOR’s choice of strategies is largely motivated bythe organization’s isolated position in German society, which makes successful politicalaction unlikely. ISOR’s demands are also directly linked to specific laws that can be protestedin court. Yet the quickness with which a legal strategy was taken up in 1991 isremarkable and suggests that earlier experiences with legal procedures and petitioningin the GDR also influenced this choice. The paper is based on a broad survey of OKV publications,as well as on personal observations of OKV meetings and 29 interviews withmembers of different OKV organizations in Berlin in 2012 and 2013.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-04-2014Anna Paretskaya Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 1. С. 130-132.
Svetlana Stephenson. Crossing the Line: Vagrancy, Homelessness and Social Displacement in Russia. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011Милая Анастасия Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 1. С. 198-200.
Светлана Стивенсон работает в рамках качественной парадигмы, используя не статистические, а «мягкие» методы исследования. Такой подход позволяет глубже оценить причины попадания «на дно», представить многогранность повседневной жизни его обитателей.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-06-2012Yulia Antonyan Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 1. С. 76-100.
The terms “intelligentsia” and “intellectuals”—in Armenian, mtavorakanutiun— are frequently used in the Armenian political, cultural, and domestic life but are conceptualized and interpreted differently in different contexts. In this article, I describe the central discursive patterns of self-identification and self-representation among the contemporary Armenian intelligentsia. The article reveals both continuities and disruptions with the Russian and Armenian intelligentsia of pre- revolutionary, Soviet, and post-Soviet times, which leads to new conclusions about the group and its role in ongoing projects of nation- and state-building. The Armenian intelligentsia exists as a set of variations on an imagined cultural and social construct that needs constant fine-tuning and elaboration. The continuous implicit or explicit discourse on identification, forms of representation and cultural manifestation, and social roles of the intelligentsia is an important part of the ongoing process of reconciliation and negotiation of the boundaries between old and new identities, social structures, hierarchies, roles, behavioral codes, and systems of values in the modernized and globalized Armenian society. In English, extended summary in Russian.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-04-2014Александрина Владимировна Ваньке Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 1. С. 154-158.
Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2015Marianna Muravyeva Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 3. С. 93-104.
This article offers an overview of the literature and methodological attitudes to the“culture of complaint.” Complaining is a popular form of communication in present-day Russian society. It has received the attention of scholars of the Soviet period in Russianhistory as a specific mass form of popular political participation and relationship withthe authorities. However, the reasons for and origins of mass complaining need furtherresearch. This article offers an analysis of possible developments in such research withspecific focus on gender, emotional regimes of complaint, and the comparative analysisof cultures of complaint.
Опубликовано на портале: 03-04-2013Hugo Reinert Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 3. С. 67-83.
The article examines the emergence of waste as an industrial category in the context of contemporary indigenous Sámi reindeer pastoralism and slaughter in northern Norway. In recent decades, commercially available substitutes and the industrial reorganization of slaughter have displaced traditional methods of extraction and utilization. As a result, the slaughtered reindeer body has been reorganized within new regimes of waste and waste management. Focusing on the relationship between disposal and harm, the ﬁ rst half of the article explores some of the reorientations involved in this transition. The second half links the emergence of industrial waste, as the worthless surplus of an anonymous carcass, to the formation of a disposable surplus at the populational level. Is there a link between the anonymous disposability of reindeer parts, constituted as the worthless waste of industrial modernity, and the anonymous disposability of living reindeer constituted within state biopolitics?
Опубликовано на портале: 03-04-2013Francisco Martínez Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 3. С. 105-122.
In the present essay I explain how the exaltation of glamour in Russia and the persecution of queer sexual practices belong to the same normalizing strategy, which aims to freeze ideological discourse and empower conservative nodal points of Vladimir Putin’s political regime. By analyzing the genealogy of “glamour” and the emergence of the term in the post-Soviet context, I explore how the gloriﬁ cation of certain sexual practices to the exclusion of others limits the possibilities for symbolic alternatives within Russian society. The study of certain erotic phenomena intimately related with the process of subjectiﬁ cation illuminates how hegemony is articulated in post-Soviet Russia.
The Gulag Reclaimed as Sacred Space: The Negotiation of Memory at the Holy Spring of Iskitim [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-05-2015Jeanmarie Rouhier-Willoughby Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2015. № 1. С. 51-70.
This article examines narratives about the Holy Spring of Iskitim gathered from visitors to the spring and from two local priests as well as members of their congregation. The holy spring is located on the site of the former Gulag quarry in the town of Lozhok in the Iskitim region. According to the most common folk belief, the spring is holy as a result of the execution of forty religious martyrs on this site by prison guards. These vernacular beliefs about the spring serve to reframe regional memory about the Gulag as well as local identity in the postsocialist context. The analysis relies on psychological, historical,anthropological, and folklore research on the role of narrative in coping with thememory of traumatic events.
The Peasants of El Ceibal and Access to Justice. Land Rights and Precarious Land Tenure in Santiago del Estero, Argentina [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2010Karina Bidaseca Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010. № 2. С. 257-274.
The primary focus of this article is to analyze, through the study of a trial that borders on the absurd (yet is not an exception), how a subsistence economy and a peasant way of life were brutally interrupted by an auction, and how subalternity could be momentarily interrupted by the peasants’ agency.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-09-2010Mikhail Rozhansky Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2009. № 1. С. 216-218.
“Professional” and “academic” are not precisely synonymous; what is meant here, apparently, is “addressed to professionals.” If we are to free critical, policy, and public sociology from standards of scholarly professionalism, we may just as well give up any hope for the future of social research in Russia. In that case, sociology will remain an activity based in offices and libraries. We would give a stamp of approval to a journalistic style in critical and public sociology, and make academic sociology so speculative that theoretical work would be divorced from “practical reason.”
The Power of Dress in Contemporary Russian Society: On Glamour Discourse and the Everyday Practice of Getting Dressed in Russian Cities [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011Katharina Klingseis Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 1. С. 84-115.
Robert Pfaller has argued that glamour has declined in the public space of Western societies in response to calls for more authenticity voiced in the cultural revolution of 1968. Among the urban middle class in post-Soviet Russia, in contrast, glamour continues to serve as an ideological representation of power. Helped by glamour ideology, status rituals banned from official discourse throughout the Soviet era have gone from “collective repressed” to cultural imperative. Based on interviews with three generations of women in Yekaterinburg and in and near Moscow, the article analyzes glamour as a micro-mechanism of power (Foucault). For women socialized under Stalin, elegance under conditions of scarcity was a matter of inventiveness. For the Khrushchev generation, glamour is related to normative notions of taste, status, and femininity. For young urban professionals today, dress is a tool for achieving professional and private goals.
Опубликовано на портале: 19-10-2010Mariana Heredia, Olessia Kirtchik Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010. № 2. С. 22-64.
The 1970s and 80s saw a wave of market liberalization in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, but also in the United States and Western Europe. It reached Central and Eastern Europe just as the socialist bloc was disintegrating. To explain this exceptionally universal movement, a number of studies have emphasized that the changes went hand in hand with a very speciﬁ c reconﬁ guration of the frameworks and actors implicated in the development and implementation of the decisions to liberalize.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011Elena Bogdanova, Mischa Gabowitsch Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 1. С. 5-13.
Introduction to a thematic issue on ethnographic approaches to contemporary Russia by foreign researchers from a variety of fields. The issue is based on a conference held in Saint Petersburg in 2009, itself modeled after a similar conference in Germany ten years earlier. Integrating the foreign gaze into one’s own self-image is a straightforwardly useful exercise for social scientists from Germany and Western countries that have a history of colonial or hegemonic control over countries from the Global South. In Russia, whose self-image was shaped by foreign observers from the beginnings of academic study, the experiment is more complicated. Nevertheless, foreign ethnographers can contribute useful insights qua foreigners. However, Russia’s alterity, obvious to an older generation of Westerners visiting the Soviet Union, is no longer a matter of course for their younger colleagues with more transnational biographies.