Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований
Art and Anthropology beyond Beautiful Representations: The Material Hyperreality of Artistic Ethnography [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Sergio Jarillo de la Torre Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 128-148.
This paper takes its cue from two art objects that can be considered in themselves as nontextual experiments in ethnographic research. The series Museum Photographs by Thomas Struth, as Guggenheim Museum curators put it, “captures anonymous individuals and crowds looking at iconic works of Western art in the world’s most popular museums.” More than the aesthetic value of the artwork and its meaning, Struth’s reflection emphasizes the audience’s reaction to the art object, evidencing his concern with the social potential of artworks in the art world. In a similar way, Christoph Büchel puts the public at the center of his installation Simply Botiful by soliciting affective responses to hyperrealistic and emotionally loaded issues. This paper purports to look at Büchel’s installation with Struth’s conceptual lens as a methodological tool to disentangle the complex web of relations between people and things that gravitate around the art world. Ultimately, it poses the question: if art objects are mediators of and commentaries on reality, under which conditions can artistic practices serve the purpose of exploring new avenues of ethnographic inquiry?
Опубликовано на портале: 26-01-2015Katherine Lebow Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 3. С. 13-26.
This article considers life-writing as a form of grievance and complaint. In particular, itexamines interwar Poland’s answer to the cahiers de doléances: “social memoir”(pamiętnikarstwo społeczne), or autobiographical writings by youth, workers, peasants, immigrants, the unemployed, and others, gathered by sociologists in memoir-writingcompetitions. Like the cahiers de doléances in prerevolutionary France, social memoiraccompanied broader discourses of crisis and reform in the Second Polish Republic. Thearticle explores how complaint was framed and conceived as a meaningful speech act byboth sociologists and memoirists, arguing that memoirists turned grievances drawnfrom everyday experience into demands rooted in a moral understanding of social justice. As such, social memoir has much in common with what, in other contexts, we wouldcall witnessing or testimony, and was embedded in cultural assumptions about truthtelling and the rights and obligations of citizenship. While critics of the social memoirgenre complained that it was too full of complaints, memoirists presented their abilityto complain as evidence of their subjecthood: I complain, therefore I am.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2013Agnieszka Pasieka Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 98-117.
This article discusses experiences of postsocialist transformation in rural Poland. It is based on a year-long ethnographic ﬁ eldwork carried out in a peripheral region of southern Poland. Its inhabitants today face problems of unemployment and instability, as not only were state-owned farms closed but the new political-economic order and Poland’s accession to the European Union have caused a radical reshaping of the agricultural sector. However, rather than being passive observers of these ongoing changes, people are determined to have some say and to shape their own lives and the place they inhabit. This article argues that a fruitful way of studying these processes is through a focus on local leaders and civil society activists. Examining new forms of social organization, cooperation, and leadership, it describes local people’s ability to creatively draw on their socialist experiences, adapting them to new contexts and transforming them into innovative strategies for coping with new challenges. Beyond exploring local people’s narratives of socialism and their assessments of present-day developments, the article also questions some widespread assumptions regarding the role of rural areas in the process of postsocialist transformation.
Carole Ferret. Une civilisation du cheval : les usages de l’équidé de la steppe à la taïga. Paris : Belin, 2010 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011Emilie Maj Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 1. С. 195-197.
Researchers specializing in nomadic societies will welcome the publication of Carole Ferret’s book. It results from fieldwork carried out over a fifteen-year period and follows on from her doctoral thesis, directed by Jean-Pierre Digard, an anthropologist specializing in animal domestication (Digard 1990) and particularly in the human-horse relationship.
Carole Sigman. Clubs politiques et perestroïka en Russie: subversion sans dissidence. Paris : Karthala, 2009. Review [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-07-2011Risto Alapuro Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 1. С. 184-186.
Carole Sigman offers us a glimpse into a key aspect—the decay of legitimacy among intellectuals—of this process which remains astonishing in its speed and scope.
Christopher S. Swader. The Capitalist Personality: Face-to-Face Sociality and Economic Change in the Post-Communist World [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-04-2014Oksana Shmulyar Gréen Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 1. С. 127-129.
Civil Society, Human Rights Struggles and Democratization in Argentina and Russia: Some Brief Comparative Conclusions [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 19-10-2010Françoise Daucé, Enrique Peruzzotti Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010. № 2. С. 103-106.
The late 1980s and early 90s saw an upsurge in comparative research on civil society in Latin America and Eastern Europe. At the time, scholars supported the idea of a “third wave of democratization,” and Latin America was presented as a model for post-communist countries. Civil societies in both regions were analyzed comparatively. Emblematically, the Russian Soldiers’ Mothers were often compared with the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina. However, the further evolution of postcommunist societies soon discouraged further comparison. This was especially the case for Russia, where social and political change took unforeseen paths. Scholars came to underline the speciﬁ city of Russian social structures and traditions to explain this. Given this divergence, why revisit the comparison between Russia and Argentina today?
Опубликовано на портале: 03-04-2013Amandine Regamey Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 3. С. 42-66.
In 2001 a rumor started to spread in Chechnya, according to which Russian forces arrested and murdered young Chechen men in order to sell their organs. These rumors of organ trafﬁ cking are reminiscent of those that have surfaced in other contexts of extreme violence, particularly in Latin America. A comparison with research on Latin America allows us to show how organ theft rumors gradually spread and crystallize as structured stories and permits us to examine how these stories enter international discourses about the mistreatment and commodiﬁ cation of human bodies under conditions of violence and conﬂ ict. This article argues that organ theft rumors are a collective way of expressing fears, putting a traumatic experience into words, and talking about what war has done to Chechen society.
“Compulsory Motherhood”: The Female Reproductive Body as Regulated by the State (Based on the Analysis of Newspaper Sovetskaia Belorussiia). Summary [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-11-2012Tatiana Shchurko Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 2. С. 259-263.
This paper examines the body as a social construct that includes and expresses power and gender relations. I describe how the female body is constructed as primarily a reproductive body through various disciplinary practices and biopolitics. To analyze ofﬁ cial discourse that constructs the reproductive female body, I turn to the newspaper Sovetskaia Belorussiia. The reproductive female body is constructed in the newspaper through a variety of discourses that legitimize some norms and practices and pathologize others. Ofﬁ cial ideologies, transmitted through public media, enforce a regime of “compulsory motherhood” on every woman, appealing to the role of reproductive function in the well-being of the nation, social structure, and hierarchies. Motherhood, presented as a signiﬁ cant value, requires a meaningful description. Reconstructing the discourse of motherhood in the newspaper allows us to identify the values embedded in the concept of “normative motherhood.” These values become the criteria of the norm, based on which other forms of motherhood and lifestyles are pathologized. This is then used to justify various practices of control over the female reproductive body.
Cordula Gdaniec, ed. Cultural Diversity in Russian Cities: The Urban Landscape in the Post-Soviet Era. New York: Berghahn Books, 2010. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-02-2012Оксана Николаевна Запорожец Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2011. № 3. С. 170-173.
Эта книга не претендует на радикальную реконфигурацию поля исследований российского города или создание революционных аналитических схем. Скорее она дает возможность почувствовать недостаточность существующей теоретизации и актуализирует постановку новых исследовательских вопросов. Привлекая внимание к отдельным случаям из жизни российских городов 2000-х годов, расширяя поле описания, «Культурное разнообразие…» настаивает на необходимости «остановиться, оглянуться» как на важном этапе развития городских исследований.
Costica Bradatan and Serguei Alex. Oushakine, eds. In Marx's Shadow: Knowledge, Power, and Intellectuals in Eastern Europe and Russia. New York: Lexington Books, 2010 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-11-2012Леонид Терещенков Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2012. № 2. С. 238-241.
Сборник «В тени Маркса» стал итогом пятилетнего проекта, начавшегося конференцией под названием «Мышление в/после утопии» (2005), посвященной обсуждению наиболее важных тенденций в философии России и Восточной Европы во времена коммунистического режима и после его краха.
Danila Raskov. Ekonomicheskie instituty staroobriadchestva. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel’skii dom Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Heather J. Coleman Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 209-211.
From the Riabushinskiis to the Morozovs, the central role of Old Believer merchant families in the development of Russian industry in the nineteenth century is well known. The Old Believer movement has been casually compared with that of the early Protestants, and scholars have been tempted to point out possible parallels with Max Weber’s famous description of the affi nity between the Protestant ethic and the rise of capitalism in Western Europe. In this ambitious book, Danila Raskov attempts a systematic study of this question of the relationship between the religious and economic history of the Old Believers. Drawing on the methods of economic history, economic sociology, and the insights of the “new institutionalism” in economics, Raskov demonstrates that the informal institutions created within Old Believer communities worked to solve economic challenges. Ironically, he argues, the very norms that facilitated the development of Old Believer entrepreneurship in the first two-thirds of the nineteenth century also contributed to the relative loss of position of Old Believer industrialists within the Russian economy by the early twentieth century.
David Doellinger. Turning Prayers into Protests: Religious-Based Activism and Its Challenge to State Power in Socialist Slovakia and East Germany. Budapest: CEU Press, 2013. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2015Roman Krakovsky Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2014. № 2. С. 135-137.
Deborah Field, Private Life and Communist Morality in Khrushchev’s Russia. NY: Peter Lang, 2007. Рецензия [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 02-03-2011Лариса Захарова Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010. № 3. С. 228-230.
Книга Деборы Филд (Deborah Field) посвящена формам существования частной/личной жизни на фоне коммунистической морали в эпоху Хрущева.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-10-2010Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2009. № 1. С. 303-304.
Representatives of independent sociological centers operating in various Russian cities met in May 2004 (in Saint Petersburg), November 2005 (in Moscow), and March 2007 (in Irkutsk). At their first meeting, they decided to create a Convention of Independent Sociological Centers, and at the third meeting, they resolved to write and publish a Declaration expressing the principles and tasks of the association. In August-September 2008, the Convention organized the first Baikal International School of Social Research. In 2009, it launched a series of books on qualitative methods in the social sciences.