Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований
Andreas Witzel and Herwig Reiter. The Problem-Centered Interview: Principles and Practice. Los Angeles: Sage, 2012 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Rafael Mrowczynski Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 226-227.
Germany has a long and rich tradition of qualitative social research (QSR) in sociology and neighboring disciplines. Since the 1970s, several schools have been established in this rapidly developing fi eld. Until quite recently, access to the vast part of the methodological literature that emerged in this context had been available only for those who read German. However, the situation has started to change in the last decade. There is a growing number of publications in English which introduce the methodological innovations of German-speaking social scientists to a much broader public (Flick, Kardoff, and Steinke 2004; Knoblauch, Flick, and Maeder 2005; Bohnsack, Pfaff, and Weller 2010).
Art and Anthropology beyond Beautiful Representations: The Material Hyperreality of Artistic Ethnography [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Sergio Jarillo de la Torre Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 128-148.
This paper takes its cue from two art objects that can be considered in themselves as nontextual experiments in ethnographic research. The series Museum Photographs by Thomas Struth, as Guggenheim Museum curators put it, “captures anonymous individuals and crowds looking at iconic works of Western art in the world’s most popular museums.” More than the aesthetic value of the artwork and its meaning, Struth’s reflection emphasizes the audience’s reaction to the art object, evidencing his concern with the social potential of artworks in the art world. In a similar way, Christoph Büchel puts the public at the center of his installation Simply Botiful by soliciting affective responses to hyperrealistic and emotionally loaded issues. This paper purports to look at Büchel’s installation with Struth’s conceptual lens as a methodological tool to disentangle the complex web of relations between people and things that gravitate around the art world. Ultimately, it poses the question: if art objects are mediators of and commentaries on reality, under which conditions can artistic practices serve the purpose of exploring new avenues of ethnographic inquiry?
Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2013Agnieszka Pasieka Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 98-117.
This article discusses experiences of postsocialist transformation in rural Poland. It is based on a year-long ethnographic ﬁ eldwork carried out in a peripheral region of southern Poland. Its inhabitants today face problems of unemployment and instability, as not only were state-owned farms closed but the new political-economic order and Poland’s accession to the European Union have caused a radical reshaping of the agricultural sector. However, rather than being passive observers of these ongoing changes, people are determined to have some say and to shape their own lives and the place they inhabit. This article argues that a fruitful way of studying these processes is through a focus on local leaders and civil society activists. Examining new forms of social organization, cooperation, and leadership, it describes local people’s ability to creatively draw on their socialist experiences, adapting them to new contexts and transforming them into innovative strategies for coping with new challenges. Beyond exploring local people’s narratives of socialism and their assessments of present-day developments, the article also questions some widespread assumptions regarding the role of rural areas in the process of postsocialist transformation.
Danila Raskov. Ekonomicheskie instituty staroobriadchestva. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel’skii dom Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012. [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Heather J. Coleman Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 209-211.
From the Riabushinskiis to the Morozovs, the central role of Old Believer merchant families in the development of Russian industry in the nineteenth century is well known. The Old Believer movement has been casually compared with that of the early Protestants, and scholars have been tempted to point out possible parallels with Max Weber’s famous description of the affi nity between the Protestant ethic and the rise of capitalism in Western Europe. In this ambitious book, Danila Raskov attempts a systematic study of this question of the relationship between the religious and economic history of the Old Believers. Drawing on the methods of economic history, economic sociology, and the insights of the “new institutionalism” in economics, Raskov demonstrates that the informal institutions created within Old Believer communities worked to solve economic challenges. Ironically, he argues, the very norms that facilitated the development of Old Believer entrepreneurship in the first two-thirds of the nineteenth century also contributed to the relative loss of position of Old Believer industrialists within the Russian economy by the early twentieth century.
Discreet Economy: Luxury Hospitality in the Context of Postsocialist Transformation of Czech Society [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-06-2013Iveta Hajdáková Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 73-97.
In the Czech Republic, popular discourse on service workers is characterized by complaints about poor level of Czech hospitality resulting from the country’s socialist history. On the other hand, there are luxury restaurants that are considered a mark of individual success of their owners as well as of economic transformation and prosperity. This article looks at a case study of one luxury restaurant in Prague and shows how hospitality, luxury, and inequalities between workers and customers were negotiated and contested by workers. The concept of discreet economy is introduced to analyze exchanges between agents, inequalities between them, and workers’ strategies of resistance. Readers are invited to see luxury hospitality as an arena where postsocialist transformation of the society is negotiated.
Epistemic collaborations in contexts of change: on conceptual fieldwork and the timing of anthropological knowledge [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Felix Ringel Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 36-55.
In order to examine the methodological potential of a more experimental form of fieldwork, I present three examples of conceptual interventions in my fieldsite, Hoyerswerda, Germany’s fastest shrinking city. My deployment of weekly anthropological columns in the local newspaper, an anthropological research camp for local youth, and a communal art project in a soon to be demolished socialist apartment house as ethnographic tools might be criticized for changing the field. However, my informants are themselves continuously adjusting their concepts and narratives in order to make sense of current rapid alterations. By actively intervening in local debates concerning the city, I have aimed to transform ethnographic interference from a necessary vice to a methodological virtue. Since my conceptual fieldwork was particularly helpful in studying epistemic change, I propose a reconsideration of the timing of anthropological knowledge, arguing for a more timely strategy of its representation “in the making” and an expanded facilitation of epistemic collaborations during fi eldwork.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2013Ольга Васильевна Чепурная Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 148-151.
Книга, о которой пойдет речь, уже стала бестселлером, переведена на многие языки и была несколько раз переиздана по-английски. Возможно, такой успех связан с тем, что и заголовок, и названия глав подразумевают легкую «начинку» в академической оболочке, а-ля сериал «Секс в большом городе» (который, кстати, анализируется в книге). Такие мысли могут возникнуть лишь у читателей, не знакомых с предыдущими публикациями автора: несколькими книгами (Illouz 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008) и многочисленными статьями.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Khadija von Zinnenburg Carroll Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 101-127.
It theorizes a conceptual art that gives viewers the opportunity to participate using the example of how drawing graffi ti on monuments or on their pedestals redefi nes the monument, author, and artist. Performing viewers are considered in the article as vital constituents of ethnographic conceptualism—the artist’s version of informants. Taking the situation and history of pedestals (such as one, in Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina, without the Bruce Lee monument it was built to support) as an artifact of ethnographic conceptualism, the pedestal is turned into a document for urban ethnographers studying the Balkans. Structured as an experiment in conceptual writing, this piece is a continuation of the author’s art practice, which explores the history and politics of multiple kinds of authorship in the Balkans. The article refl ects current debates on nationalism through the lens of ethnographic conceptualism. It analyses the interviews and statements about the future of the Balkans that were collected during the project Graffi ti Monument.
Опубликовано на портале: 29-04-2014Mischa Gabowitsch Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 3. С. 164-168.
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Nikolai Ssorin-Chaikov Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 166-192.
This is a study of audience reactions to the exhibition Gifts to Soviet Leaders (Kremlin Museum, Moscow, 2006) that ranges from comments in the viewers’ response book to the decision of the Kremlin Museum to gift a copy of the exhibition catalog to President Vladimir Putin for his fi fty-fi fth birthday in 2007. My goal is to demonstrate how relations of knowledge, which confi gure this complex post-Soviet audience in the form of social memory, perform the gift and, vice versa, how gift giving performs these relations of knowledge and power. In doing so, this article contributes from a new angle to the gift theory and also to anthropological understandings of performativity. It is a study in “ethnographic conceptualism” that refers to anthropological themes and concepts as they can be used in conceptual art and also, conversely, to anthropology conducted as conceptual art.
Giving Up on Great Plans? Transforming Representations of Space in City Plans in Russia and Sweden [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2014Lisa Kings, Zhanna Kravchenko Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 3. С. 43-65.
This article analyzes representations of urban space by exploring city planning duringthe last half century in Stockholm and Leningrad/Saint Petersburg. City plans thatconstitute the empirical foundation of the article were enforced during the nodalpoints—1950s–1960s and early 2000s — of the historical development of bothcountries and reflect specificities of their ideological and sociopolitical heritage. Ourstudy explores how representations of space — crystallized as ideas about goals andpossibilities for spatial planning — have changed over time and how they reflect largerpolitical, economic, and ideological transformations in Sweden and Russia. Twooverarching themes are identified in our analysis. First, the ideal of equality, whichdominated both the socialist and social democratic ideologies in the 1950s–1960sand provided opportunities for extensive normative control and manipulation ofsocial life by means of a planned physical environment. Second, the ideal of the“European/global” city is distinguished in the early 2000s as a means of promotingeconomic development by incorporating new actors and shifting the focus to a moremarket-oriented approach to planning.
Johanna Bockman. Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-07-2013Олеся Игоревна Кирчик Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 152-155.
В книге американского социолога Джоанны Бокман с интригующим названием «Рынки во имя социализма: левые истоки неолиберализма» реконструируются некоторые аспекты масштабной эволюции, связанной с падением социалистических режимов в Восточной Европе, с распадом советского блока и распространением капитализма по всему миру. Основную источниковую базу работы составили интервью с экономистами, которые автор брала в США, Италии, Югославии, Венгрии и других странах на протяжении 2000-х годов.
Judith Pallot and Laura Piacentini. Gender, Geography, and Punishment: The Experience of Women in Carceral Russia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. До и после тюрьмы: женские истории / Под ред. Елены Омельченко. – СПб.: Алетейя, 2012 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2013Mary McAuley Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 1. С. 141-143.
In 2005 Judith Pallot, a geographer from Oxford whose recent research, undertaken with a fellow geographer from the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, had focused on the fate of the private plot in post-Soviet Russia, embarked on a collaborative project of a different and more ambitious kind. The aim was to look at issues relating to women’s imprisonment within the context of “Russia’s inherited penal geography.”
Longina Jakubowska. Patrons of History: Nobility, Capital and Political Transitions in Poland. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Dina Gusejnova Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 219-222.
As Nietzsche once remarked, “only that which has no history can be defi ned” (Nietzsche 1886). Ironically, within the social sciences and humanities, it is historians who often give their objects of research rigid defi nitions. Longina Jakubowska’s anthropology of Polish gentry and Sofi a Tchouikina’s sociological study of noble memory in Soviet Russia provide complementary ways of studying social formations in Nietzsche’s sense.
Lucy Norris. Recycling Indian Clothing: Global Contexts of Reuse and Value. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010 [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-09-2013Зинаида Васильевна Васильева Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 2. С. 205-208.
Исследование Люси Норрис вводит читателя в тематическое и проблемное поле, связанное с круговоротом индийских тканей в стране и за ее пределами. Описывая случай современной Индии, автор ставит вопросы, связанные с товарным перепроизводством текстиля в контексте современной глобальной экономики потребления. Каково социальное значение перепроизводства, которое, будучи поставленным на поток, по сути является конвейером по производству мусора? Какова потенциальная экономическая и символическая ресурсоемкость излишков? Что заставляет современных индусов выбрасывать вещи, и почему утилизация текстиля может оказаться проблематичной? Какие стратегии используют индивиды для творческого освоения избыточного товаропотока?