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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 84


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2003
Like the successful and widely-adopted first edition, this second edition is designed to explain the concept of rational expectations and its implications for macroeconomics. A highly successful attempt to make this difficult, important and controversial field accessible to students.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Sophie Drogue
Durban, 2003
We introduce an easily implemented and flexible calibration technique for partial demand systems, combining recent developments in incomplete demand systems and a set of restrictions conditioned on the available elasticity-estimates. The technique accommodates various degrees of knowledge on cross-price elasticities, satisfies curvature restrictions, and allows the recovery of an exact welfare measure for policy analysis. The technique is illustrated with a partial demand system for food consumption in Korea for different states of knowledge on cross-price effects. The consumer welfare impact of food and agricultural trade liberalization is measured.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-01-2004
Daniel Berkowitz, David N. DeJong
Berlin, 2000
In previous work BERKOWITZ and DEJONG, used regional commodity-price data covering the period 1993-96 to document the existence of an internal economic border that divides Russia into two distinct economic regions: the ‘Red Belt’ and the ‘rest of Russia’. The Red Belt represents a group of regions that have broadly resisted the implementation of federally initiated market reforms. Here, we extend this work by quantifying two economic implications of this internal border. First, we show that the Red-Belt border has limited the transmission of price signals to regions within the Red Belt. Second, we show that regions within the Red Belt have experienced extremely poor growth performances relative to Russia as a whole.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This comprehensive book applies modern economic principles to study a firm's strategic position. The book integrates insights from the theory of the firm, industrial organization and strategy research while building upon a strong theoretical and empirical foundation familiar to academics working in economics and strategy. The broad sweep of modern economics and strategy research is organized and presented in an appealing format. Many topics dovetail with important current research agendas. In this edition, the authors have completely reworked their discussions of a number of difficult topics, such as "make or buy fallacies", competitor identification, commitment, and strategic positioning. They also introduce a "make or buy issue tree" and an "industry analysis checklist" that readers should find very useful when assessing make or buy decisions and performing five forces analyses.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
This book reexamines one of the most provocative and debated models of bureaucratic behavior, as developed by William A. Niskanen in his seminal book, Bureaucracy and Representative Government(1971). His theory has been discussed, tested, and amended by scholars over twenty years. In The Budget-Maximizing Bureaucrat, Niskanen now offers his own reassessment. Thirteen scholars then evaluate the wide array of findings, both qualitative and quantitative, relevant to the various aspects of the model, offering conclusions about the merits and limits of the theory and suggesting alternative explanations of bureaucratic behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Stefan Bojnec, Liesbeth Dries, Johan Swinnen
Durban, 2003
This paper analyses the determinants of agricultural labor flows and the role of human capital in this process on the basis of the Slovenian Labor Force Surveys for the years 1993 to 1999. The household heads living in larger households, having a larger farm size, and working full-time (more hours per week) in permanent jobs are more likely to stay in agricultural employment. The empirical evidence clearly suggests that human capital plays a crucial role for labor mobility and labor adjustment. Young, female and educated individuals are more likely to enter into employment in non-agricultural, particularly service activities.

There are remarkable circular flows of elderly and less educated persons between being employed in agriculture, unemployment and retirement pools. Small-scale and part-time farming provide temporary employment opportunities. Investments in human capital to improve quality of labor in agriculture and to increase mobility and flexibility of labor are the key issues in synergy reducing labor mismatch and improving efficiency in labor flow adjustment.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Lans Arij Bovenberg, Johan J. Graafland, Ruud A. de Mooij
This paper employs MIMIC, an applied general equilibrium model of the Dutch economy, to explore various tax cuts aimed at combating unemployment and raising labor supply. MIMIC combines modern labor-market theories, a firm empirical foundation detailed description of Dutch labor-market institutions. We develop a small aggregate model which contains the core of MIMIC, namely wage setting, job matching, labor supply demand. In addition to illustrating the main economic mechanisms in MIMIC shows the advantages of employing a larger, more disaggregated model that accounts for heterogeneity, institutional details, and more economic mechanisms. Targeting in-work benefits at the low skilled is the most effective way to cut economy-wide unemployment quality and quantity of labor supply. Cuts in social security contributions paid by employers and subsidies for hiring long-term unemployed reduce unskilled unemployment most substantially. Tax cuts in the higher tax brackets boost the quantity and quality of formal labor supply but are less effective in reducing unemployment and in raising unskilled employment and female labor supply.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Hannah Chaplin, Sophia Moissey Davidova, Matthew Gorton
Durban, 2003
Survey evidence from three Central European Countries (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland) is analysed to identify the degree of non-agricultural farm diversification and the factors facilitating or impeding it in individual farms. The effect of diversification on rural job creation is investigated. The results indicate that the level of diversification is relatively small and enterprise diversification by farmers is unlikely to generate sufficient new jobs and solve the problem of high rural unemployment. The attempt to transpose the Western European model of agricultural diversification to the acceding countries via the SAPARD programme is questionable, as non-farm centric rural policies appear to be more appropriate.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Timothy J. Dalton
Zaragoza, 2003
New crop varieties often have been promoted in developing countries based upon superior yield vis-a-vis locally available varieties. This research presents a hedonic model for upland rice by drawing upon the input characteristics and consumer good characteristics model literature. Model specification tests determine that a combination of production and consumption characteristics best explains the willingness to pay for new upland rice varieties. This non-separable household model specification determined that four traits explain the willingness to pay for new rice varieties: plant cycle length, plant height, grain elongation/swelling and tenderness. Yield was not a significant explanatory variable of the willingness to pay for seed. br>
The implications of this model are two-fold. First, varietal development and promotion must include post-harvest characteristics in addition to production traits when determining which varieties to promote for official release. Secondly, non- yield production characteristics such as plant height and cycle length are significant factors in producers_ assessments of the value of a new variety. Overall, this paper provides an alternative explanation for limited adoption of modern upland rice varieties in West Africa: varietal evaluation programs have focused too narrowly on yield evaluation and have not promoted varieties with superior non-yield characteristics than locally available varieties.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2006
Aswath Damodaran
Москва: Альпина Бизнес Букс, 2006, 1344 с.
Оценка находится в основе любого инвестиционного решения, независимо от того, связано ли это решение с покупкой, продажей или хранением активов. Книга Асвата Дамодарана является классической работой в области инвестиционной оценки. Она содержит инструменты и методы определения стоимости практически любого актива, включая такие сложные объекты оценки, как компании, предоставляющие финансовые услуги, и активы интернет-компаний. Книга имеет ярко выраженную практическую направленность. Помимо алгоритмов оценки книга содержит множество примеров из реального бизнеса. Книга ориентирована на менеджеров высшего звена, предпринимателей, инвесторов, профессиональных оценщиков, сотрудников инвестиционных компаний и банков, а также преподавателей и студентов.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Sami Daniel, Maureen Kilkenny
This article considers the impacts of (de)coupled farm sector support on the locations of farming and agro-industrial activity. An economic geography model is developed which has two types of regions, one with extensive agricultural production (rural), the other with intensive farming that is more densely populated (urban). The farm and agro-industrial sectors are vertically linked. A service sector that is not directly linked to either basic industry is also explicit. We show that coupled and decoupled subsidies affect the spatial distribution of farming, industry, and service sector activity. Support that is provided to all farmers regardless of crop, thus semi-decoupled, increases spatial agglomeration. Support targeted to farmers of particular crops, especially rural comparative advantage crops, favors increased farming in rural areas but spatial agglomeration of non-farm activity still occurs. This latter targeting approach is used in the European Union.
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-02-2008
Andrew Davidson, Anthony Sanders, Lan-Ling Wolff, Anne Ching
Москва: Вершина, 2007, 592 с.
Известный специалист американского рынка секьюритизации Э. Дэвидсон и его соавторы раскрывают секреты американского рынка секьюритизации, демонстрируют логику и первопричины его развития, раскрывают детали оформления сделок, их преимущества и ограничители. Большая часть книги посвящена секьюритизации ипотечных кредитов, в то же время в ней затрагиваются вопросы секьюритизации других активов - автокредитов, поступлений по кредитным картам, кредитов на приобретение сборных домов. Дается обзор европейского рынка секьюритизации: истории его становления, правовых основ и способов структурирования сделок.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-09-2003
Davidson and MacKinnon have written an outstanding textbook for graduates in econometrics, covering both basic and advanced topics and using geometrical proofs throughout for clarity of exposition. The book offers a unified theoretical perspective, and emphasizes the practical applications of modern theory.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Benjamin Davis, Sudhanshu Handa, Marco Stampini, Paul Winters
This paper aims at evaluating the impact of two different cash transfer programs in rural Mexico – Procampo and Progresa – on total consumption, food consumption and other outcomes like investment, schooling and health care. Progresa is targeted to women, while Procampo goes to farmers, mostly men and many of which are poor. We show that both programs boost consumption. However, they obtain this effect through different channels. Progresa is destined to consumption expenditure directly, while Procampo, which is paid to landholders, boosts investments and needs time to produce its benefits. Furthermore, we separate program from gender effects and show that cash transfer programs targeted to men are beneficial only when the recipients own means of production. This suggest that policy makers should take into account the relationship between gender and ownership of assets when designing poverty reduction programs.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Thomas Dax, Ingrid Machold, Deborah Roberts
Drawing from the interim findings of a 2 year, EU-wide project, this paper considers the contribution the CAP makes to territorial cohesion across Europe. It is based on analysis of indicators at NUTS 3 level for the EU 27 (including Switzerland and Norway) and initial findings from a case study of CAP support in a region of Austria. Analysis shows that the incidence of Pillar 1 support is not consistent with the economic or social cohesion objectives of the EU. In particular, statistical analysis suggests that Pillar 1 support is distributed in such a way that it tends to benefit richer regions with lower unemployment rates and with higher than average population growth. Contrary to expectations, the incidence of Pillar 2 support is also inconsistent with cohesion objectives, favouring the richer areas of the EU. Reasons identified for the pattern of Pillar 2 support include differing national priorities, the uneven allocation of RDR funds and difficulties of co-financing in poorer regions. Importantly, analysis of the impact of the Mid Term Review proposals on farm incomes suggests that the latest reforms of the CAP will not improve the consistency between the CAP and cohesion. The paper discusses the key policy implications arising from the findings. It is argued that although member states are increasingly able to direct discretionary support measures towards territorial priorities, this is still only a very minor part of the CAP. As is exemplified by the case study in Austria, only a substantial comprehensive effort of rural development measures can provide compensatory territorial effects. Finally, the need for a more coherent, integrative rural development policy framework is discussed.
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