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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 67


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2004
Евгения Викторовна Серова, Василий Якимович Узун, Рудольф Эдуардович Прауст, А.Н Тарасов, Bruce L. Gardner, В. Тизенхьюзен, T. Ferenczi
Москва: ИЭПП, негосударственный некоммерческий фонд Аналитический центр агропродовольственной экономики (АПЭ), 1999, cерия "Научные труды"
Научное издание представляет материалы международной конференции, проведённой АПЭ в Голицыно 1-2 октября 1999 года. Рассматриваются результаты приватизации земли и реорганизации сельскохозяйственных предприятий в ходе российских аграрных реформ.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Dennis Appleyard, Alfred Field
USA: Irwin, 2000, 778 с.
Appleyard-Field’s International Economics 4e text is a mid-level International Economics textbook that offers a consistent level of analysis and treatment of the two main subdivisions of international economics—international trade theory and policy and international monetary theory and policy. Comprehensive and clear, the text helps students move beyond recognition toward and understanding of current and future international events.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005
Olivier Jean Blanchard, Stanley Fisher
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1989
Lectures on Macroeconomics provides the first comprehensive description and evaluation of macroeconomic theory in many years. While the authors' perspective is broad, they clearly state their assessment of what is important and what is not as they present the essence of macroeconomic theory today. The main purpose of Lectures on Macroeconomics is to characterize and explain fluctuations in output, unemployment and movement in prices. The most important fact of modern economic history is persistent long term growth, but as the book makes clear, this growth is far from steady. The authors analyze and explore these fluctuations. Topics include consumption and investment; the Overlapping Generations Model; money; multiple equilibria, bubbles, and stability; the role of nominal rigidities; competitive equilibrium business cycles, nominal rigidities and economic fluctuations, goods, labor and credit markets; and monetary and fiscal policy issues. Each of chapters 2 through 9 discusses models appropriate to the topic. Chapter 10 then draws on the previous chapters, asks which models are the workhorses of macroeconomics, and sets the models out in convenient form. A concluding chapter analyzes the goals of economic policy, monetary policy, fiscal policy, and dynamic inconsistency. Written as a text for graduate students with some background in macroeconomics, statistics, and econometrics, Lectures on Macroeconomics also presents topics in a self contained way that makes it a suitable reference for professional economists. Olivier Jean Blanchard and Stanley Fischer are both Professors of Economics at MIT
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Cristina Brasili, Roberto Fanfani
The main objective of this paper is to analyse the structural changes in European Agri-food systems in the last 30 years in order to verify the presence of a convergence process towards a more homogeneous structure among EU countries. This analysis considers the relative importance of the main components of Agri-food systems (agriculture, food industry and food consumption) and how they change over time. The analysis of convergence utilise the European National Accounting Data (from the SEC2 Data Base of Eurostat) from 1970 to 2000 for twelve EU countries. We use tests of convergence on cross section data by countries, but also stochastic kernel methodologies to verify the dynamic evolution of groups of countries inside the EU. The results show there are important process of convergence among countries for the variables of the Agri-food system that are more linked to the economic development, such as the importance of agriculture and food consumption in GDP. On the other hand there are divergences on the variables more linked to the openness degree and to the competitiveness of the Agri-food system. The presence of polarisation process among groups of countries contribute to permanence of long run structural changes among Northern and Southern countries in the EU.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Tim J. Coelli, Euan Fleming
Durban, 2003
Smallholder farming systems in Papua New Guinea are characterised by an integrated set of cash cropping and subsistence food cropping activities. In the Highlands provinces, the subsistence food crop sub-system is dominated by sweet potato production. Coffee dominates the cash cropping sub-system, but a limited number of food crops are also grown for cash sale. The dynamics between sub-systems can influence the scope for complementarity between, and technical efficiency of, their operations, especially in light of the seasonality of demand for household labour and management inputs within the farming system. A crucial element of these dynamic processes is diversification into commercial agricultural production, which can influence factor productivity and the efficiency of crop production where smallholders maintain a strong production base in subsistence foods.

Data are used on coffee and food crop production for 18 households in the Benabena district of Eastern Highlands Province to derive technical efficiency indices for each household over two years. A stochastic input distance function approach is used to establish whether diversification economies exist and whether specialisation in coffee, subsistence food or cash food production significantly influences technical efficiency on the sampled smallholdings.

Diversification economies are weakly evident between subsistence food production and both coffee and cash food production, but diseconomies of diversification are discerned between coffee and cash food production. A number of factors are tested for their effects on technical efficiency. Significant technical efficiency gains are made from diversification among broad cropping activities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Detlef Deumlich, J. Thiere, H. I. Reuter, L. Völker, R. Funk, Joachim Kiesel
This paper presents a comparative method (SICOM) to evaluate complex site conditions at the level of a Federal State (Brandenburg) and at different areal units. The methodology uses primary site conditions and provides the possibility to objectively compare and judge different ecological questions. Objects with heterogeneous content are pooled in comparison groups. Consideration of the main site characteristics allows a goal-oriented allocation of subsidies. The use of SICOM is demonstrated for the wind and water erosion risk assessment across different scales from Federal State down to a parcel of land. The “parcel” aggregation-level proves to be useful to assess the erosion risk. Larger scales are less useful in the assessment of subsidies policy with regard to erosion risk. SICOM is demonstrated to be suitable for comparing and assessing regional aspects more objectively.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Daniel Deybe, Abigail Fallot
Durban, 2003
Relationships between the greenhouse effect and agricultural activity are usually and firstly considered in terms of the impact of climate change on agriculture. But in reverse, farmers and herders may react to a climate policy imposing a carbon price to GHG-emitting activities, and possibly contribute to the emissions mitigation as well as to carbon sequestration. The degree of efficiency of the reactions will vary across regions of the world and across activities. A methodology considering risk associated with technology changes is proposed for estimating and accounting these reactions under production and resource constraints. For a business-as-usual scenario quantified by the integrated assessment model Image, decisions concerning land-use and alternative practices are modeled. Results indicate that main agricultural activities provide little room for manoeuvre for emissions mitigation.
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Macroeconomics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005
Rudiger Dornbusch, Stanley Fisher, Richard Startz
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001
Dornbusch, Fischer, and Startz Macroeconomics has been a leading intermediate macroeconomic theory text since its introduction in 1978. This revision retains most of the texts traditional features, including a middle-of-the-road approach and very current research, while updating and simplifying the exposition. The text is now even easier to teach from. The only prerequisite continues to be principles of economics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jay Fabiosa, John C. Beghin, Stephane de Cara, Cheng Fang, Murat Isik, Holger Matthey
Using a partial equilibrium model of world agriculture, we investigate the multilateral removal of all border taxes and farm programs and their distortion of world agricultural markets. These distortions have significant terms-of-trade effects. World trade is also significantly impacted by both types of distortions. Trade expansion is substantial for most commodities, especially dairy, meats, and vegetable oils. Net agricultural and food exporters (Brazil, Australia, and Argentina) emerge with expanded exports; whereas net importing countries with limited distortions before liberalization are penalized by higher world markets prices and reduced imports. The US gains significant export shares in livestock products and imports more dairy products. Without protection and domestic subsidies, the EU loses many of its livestock and dairy export markets.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-05-2004
Frank J. Fabozzi
Москва: Инфра-М, 2000, cерия "Университетский учебник", 932 с.
В книге, искусно соединяющей теорию и практику, рассматриваются вопросы управления портфелями ценных бумаг, подробно анализируется процесс управления инвестициями, приводится обзор финансовых рынков и основных классов активов. Отдельная глава посвящена вторичным рынкам акций и облигаций, механизмам сделок по этим активам. В книге подробно объясняются современная портфельная теория и теория рынка капиталов, дается обзор основных институциональных инвесторов, описываются факторы, влияющие на выбор инвестиционной политики и стратегии, основные типы институциональных инвесторов.
Издание рекомендуется в качестве учебника студентам экономических вузов и может быть полезно практикам фондового рынка.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Marcel Fafchamps, Bart Minten
Durban, 2003
This paper investigates the relationship between theft and poverty in rural areas. Following a disputed presidential election, fuel supply to the highlands of Madagascar was severely curtailed in early 2002, resulting in a massive -- if temporary -- increase in poverty. This situation constituted a natural experiment of the effect of poverty on theft. Using original survey data collected in June 2002 at the height of the crisis, we find that crop theft increases with poverty and that an increase in law enforcement personnel reduces cattle theft, a form of organized crime. Results suggest that theft is used by some of the rural poor as a risk coping strategy. Increased transport costs led to a rise in cattle and crop theft, suggesting that isolation raises crime.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-09-2003
Ludwig Fahrmeir
New York: Springer-Verlag, 2001
The first edition of Multivariate Statistical Modelling provided an extension of classical models for regression, time series, and longitudinal data to a much broader class including categorical data and smoothing concepts. Generalized linear modesl for univariate and multivariate analysis build the central concept, which for the modelling of complex data is widened to much more general modelling approaches. The primary aim of the new edition is to bring the book up-to-date and to reflect the major new developments over the past years.
The authors give a detailed introductory survey of the subject based on the alaysis of real data drawn from a variety of subjects, including the biological sciences, economics, and the social sciences. Technical details and proofs are deferred to an appendix in order to provide an accessible account for non-experts. The appendix serves as a reference or brief tutorial for the concepts of EM algorithm, numberical integration, MCMC and others.
The topics covered inlude: Models for multi-categorial responses, model checking, semi- and nonparametric modelling, time series and longitudinal data, random effects models, state-space models, and survival analysis. In the new edition Bayesian concepts which are of growing importance in statistics are treated more extensively. The chapter on nonparametric and semiparametric generalized regression has been rewritten totally, random effects models now cover nonparametric maximum likelihood and fully Bayesian approaches, and state-space and hidden Markov models have been supplemented with an extension to models that can accommodate for spatial and spatiotemporal data.
The authors have taken great pains to discuss the underlying theoretical ideas in ways that relate well to the data at hand. As a result, this book is ideally suited for applied statisticians, graduate students of statistics, and students and researchers with a strong interest in statistics and data analysis from econometrics, biometrics and the social sciences.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Walter P. Falcon
Berlin, 2000
This essay seeks to shed light on the causes and potential consequences of restricted germplasm flows among nations. My objective is to provide a synthesis of existing literature and events of which I was a part, with a focus on food security in poor countries. Regrettably, the mechanisms restricting flows are complicated, the data on the size and direction of flows are meager, the outcomes are uncertain, and the policy mechanisms for alleviating the problems are largely untested. My general hypothesis is that four separate forces are now interacting in ways that should worry everyone concerned with the transfer of technology, particularly improved crop varieties, to scores of the world’s poorest nations. These elements include: new provisions on intellectual property, especially patenting in the United States; an increased concentration of new enabling technologies into a few large multinational companies; heightened anxieties over transgenic foods, especially in Europe; and new problems arising from old ambiguities in the Convention on Biodiversity. Individually, these components are reasonably well understood. Collectively, however, they are poorly understood, and their combined impact on the poorer countries of the world is very troublesome.
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Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
Peter Fallon, Donald Verry
Oxford: Philip Allan, 1988
Книга представляет собой учебное пособие по экономике труда, к настоящему времени ставшее классическим. Ее рекомендуют в высших учебных заведениях всего мира. В первую очередь она предназначена для учащихся уже знакомых с предметом, т.к. теоретические модели, которые рассматривают П. Фаллон и Д. Верри, достаточно сложны. В книге отлично изложены традиционные темы - такие, как предложение труда и спрос на труд, формирование заработной платы. Некоторые эмпирические данные, приведенные в учебнике, уже устарели. Лучше всего использовать данную книгу в качестве дополнительного учебного пособия по курсу экономики труда.

Macroeconomics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Roger E.A. Farmer
Cincinnati, OH: Souht-Western Thomson Learning, 2002
Combining the best of traditional and modern approaches to macroeconomics, Farmer's is the first book in the Intermediate market to genuinely fill the gap between the macroeconomics taught to graduate students and the macroeconomics traditionally taught to undergraduates. It begins with the traditional IS-LM and AD-AS models that have been the staples of undergraduate macro courses for decades. Then the second half of the book introduces newer, dynamic theories of macroeconomics, including various growth models. The result is a text that describes the emerging consensus view of macro.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)