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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 36


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 21-05-2004
Ольга Эрнестовна Бессонова, Светлана Георгиевна Кирдина, Root O'Sullivan
Новосибирск: ИЭиОПП СО РАН, 1996, 312 с.
В книге излагаются основы новой теории институционального развития России. С точки зрения этой теории экономическая система России представляет собой прогрессивную, развивающуюся по объективным законам раздаточную экономику, переживающую в 1990-е гг. период институционального обновления. Обосновывая эту концепцию, авторы приводят исторический анализ институтов раздатка и результаты экономико-социологического мониторинга рыночного эксперимента в отрасли жилищного хозяйства, осуществлявшегося в 1992-1996 гг.
Книга предназначена для специалистов в области социологии, экономики и жилищного хозяйства, а также для всех тех, кто интересуется проблемами исторического и современного развития России.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-09-2003
The Third Edition of FORECASTING AND TIME SERIES illustrates the importance of forecasting and the various statistical techniques that can be used to produce forecasts. Bruce L. Bowerman and Richard T. O'Connell clearly demonstrate the necessity of using forecasts to make intelligent decisions in marketing, finance, personnel management, production scheduling, process control, and strategic management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
W. Dunne, John J. O'Connell
For decades the CAP has been the major influence in shaping EU agriculture and food production. The economic and policy environment in the EU is now very different from that which prevailed in the earlier decades. The future economic, social and geographic diversity of the EU will be further increased by enlargement. Agricultural policies and the related operational frameworks will inevitably change to accommodate this added diversity and the changing societal and consumer values. This paper evaluates how the current shape of EU agriculture has been influenced by the reforms to date. It also attempts to focus on where EU farming may be, or wish to go, over the next decade. The evaluation is restricted to the beef sector as it has been to the forefront in the policy reforms of the last decade and because the adjustments were inevitably complex due to the scale of the oversupply problems, the biological and market intricacies involved.

This evaluation concluded that the current EU beef policy is severely constrained with poor targeting of the income supports, high production costs, based on an administratively complex and expensive control system without any clear benefit to either society or taxpayer for a rather large expenditure. In the past, agricultural policy in the EU was primarily driven by the need for a secure food supply and with the objective of sustaining the economic and social needs of farmers. But, in the well fed and affluent EU society of the 21 st century, agricultural policy will be mainly driven by the economic and social goals which are rapidly changing. This society places a declining value on extra units of food production, but an increasing value on any public goods consumed in the production process. As a consequence, the mix of agricultural production and public goods that this society is prepared to support financially is changing rapidly. The level and components of farm incomes in the EU in the 21 st century will reflect these changes. Farm revenue will likely consist of a mix of payments for conventional agricultural products and public goods. The public good payments will be conditional on the level and type of inputs used, farming practices, types of products produced and a societal vision of the role of farming. This will affect production costs, scale of operation and the future configuration of agriculture and rural society. To meet this evolving situation the paper also develops and outlines a multi-commodity framework by which the EU could reorient its direct payment (DP) system to incorporate a range of public good values to the mutual benefit of consumers, taxpayers and farmers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
David Epstein, Sharyn O'Halloran
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999
In this path-breaking book, David Epstein and Sharyn O'Halloran produce the first unified theory of policy making between the legislative and executive branches. Examining major US policy initiatives from 1947 to 1992, the authors describe the conditions under which the legislature narrowly constrains executive discretion, and when it delegates authority to the bureaucracy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Ronald Findlay, Kevin O'Rourke
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 624 с.
International trade has shaped the modern world, yet until now no single book has been available for both economists and general readers that traces the history of the international economy from its earliest beginnings to the present day. Power and Plenty fills this gap, providing the first full account of world trade and development over the course of the last millennium. Ronald Findlay and Kevin O'Rourke examine the successive waves of globalization and "deglobalization" that have occurred during the past thousand years, looking closely at the technological and political causes behind these long-term trends. They show how the expansion and contraction of the world economy has been directly tied to the two-way interplay of trade and geopolitics, and how war and peace have been critical determinants of international trade over the very long run. The story they tell is sweeping in scope, one that links the emergence of the Western economies with economic and political developments throughout Eurasia centuries ago. Drawing extensively upon empirical evidence and informing their systematic analysis with insights from contemporary economic theory, Findlay and O'Rourke demonstrate the close interrelationships of trade and warfare, the mutual interdependence of the world's different regions, and the crucial role these factors have played in explaining modern economic growth. Power and Plenty is a must-read for anyone seeking to understand the origins of today's international economy, the forces that continue to shape it, and the economic and political challenges confronting policymakers in the twenty-first century. Ronald Findlay is the Ragnar Nurkse Professor of Economics at Columbia University. He is the author of Factor Proportions, Trade, and Growthand Trade, Development, and Political Economy. Kevin H. O'Rourke is professor of economics at Trinity College, Dublin. He is the coauthor of Globalization and History.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-04-2004
Представлены материалы научной конференции, проведённой университетом штата Мэриленд и Аналитическим центр АПЭ 6-7 июля 2001 г. в Голицино-2. Цель конференции, посвященной исследованию рынков факторов производства в АПК России, - оценить степень изученности проблемы и наметить направления исследований в данной области по программе "Базис".
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Eric Ghysels, Denise R. Osborn
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003
Eric Ghysels and Denise R. Osborn provide a thorough and timely review of the recent developments in the econometric analysis of seasonal economic time series, summarizing a decade of theoretical advances in the area. The authors discuss the asymptotic distribution theory for linear nonstationary seasonal stochastic processes. They also cover the latest contributions to the theory and practice of seasonal adjustment, together with its implications for estimation and hypothesis testing. Moreover, a comprehensive analysis of periodic models is provided, including stationary and nonstationary cases. The book concludes with a discussion of some nonlinear seasonal and periodic models. The treatment is designed for an audience of researchers and advanced graduate students.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Zerihun Gudeta Alemu, Klooper Oosthuizen, Herman D. van Schalkwyk
In Ethiopia, growth in cereal production is accompanied by a more than proportionate increase in the standard deviation of production. This study applies descriptive and variance decomposition procedures to determine the sources of increased instability in cereal production in order to show whether they are caused by policy changes. It was found that production instability was caused more by increased yield instability. Considering the fact that use of high-powered inputs is limited to a small number of farmers, production is at subsistence level and that farmers. responsiveness to policy changes is constrained by infrastructural and institutional constraints and by the existing land policy, instability in yield is predominantly attributed to weather variability.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Luka Juvancic, Emil Erjavec, Morten Kvistgaard, Jens P. Olsson
The paper reports on the experiences gained from conducting the mid-term evaluation of SAPARD Program in Slovenia. The methodological approach lies in comparative analysis of two approaches: empirical approach, based on the application of Input-Output model and conventional approach based on application of evaluation techniques as proposed by the Guidelines prescribed by the European Commission. Limited scale of implementation has raised problems in economy-wide assessment of the impact and success of the Program. In some cases, quantitative relationships were also hard to assess due to the impact of external influences. Important limitations were found also in the case of conventional evaluation approach. The analysed case encountered some data-related problems (deficient monitoring data, almost exclusive dependence on primary data). There is also a more systemic problem of a limited contextual scope of this evaluation approach, which fails to provide sufficient information in the policy formation phase. Apart from comparison of alternative evaluation approaches, the paper also attempts to provide some wider implications for adoption of 'evaluation paradigm' in rural development policy in countries without a previous experience in this field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Martin Kapfer, Jochen Kantelhardt, Elizabeth Osinski
In comparison to large-scale natural landscapes separated from extensively used agricultural production landscapes in North America or Australia, German and Central Europe landscapes are all characterised by predominantly agricultural landscapes with few “rests of nature”. Due to the high population density, different types of land users demand different functions of the landscape. In addition to food production, there is a high demand for protection of cultural heritage by caring for e.g. hedgerows in the landscape. The aim of this study was to estimate the costs arising from the maintenance of landscape elements in landscapes situated on land with different site conditions. As an example, the distribution of hedgerows on sites of varying agricultural quality were considered. The calculations were undertaken on the entire area of Baden- Wuerttemberg in Southwest Germany, comprising various administrative districts. The association between ecological and economic information was analysed statistically and with the help of GIS. The results indicate that the costs for landscape element protection differ within the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg and that there is a lot of economic pressure against hedgerow biotopes existing in certain districts. Measures for protection such as agri-environmental programmes should consider the different landscape-dependent costs.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2004
Paul R. Krugman, Maurice Obstfeld
Boston: Addison Wesley Higher Education, 2003
International Economics: Theory and Policy is the best-selling textbook in the field written by two of the world's leading economists, Paul R. Krugman of Princeton University and Maurice Obstfeld of the University of California, Berkeley. The Sixth Edition provides an up-to-date and understandable analytical framework for illuminating current events and new research findings in the dynamic field of international economics. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect the changes of today's global economic landscape, including the unprecedented expansion of globalization, the increasingly crucial nature of international economic relations, the gains from trade, and recent anti-globalization controversies such as the continuing debate over the optimal level of trade. Consistent with previous editions, the authors also present an integrated treatment of the Ricardian model, specific factors, factor endowments, and imperfect competition models of trade, along with in-depth analysis of empirical evidence. They cover the effects and causes of trade policy and the income-distribution effects of trade, and also provide a unified model of open-economy macroeconomics, based on an asset-market approach to exchange rate determination with a central role for expectations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-04-2004
Paul R. Krugman, Maurice Obstfeld
Москва: Юпитер, 2003, 832 с.
Учебник « Международная экономика » принадлежит перу всемирно известных ученых, изучающих современные мирохозяйственные проблемы, имеющих авторитетные научные достижения в данной области экономической науки. Именно поэтому, выдержав несколько изданий, учебник остается одним из самых популярных в американских и европейских университетах. Учебник знакомит с современными знаниями о природе, тенденциях и основных проблемах международных экономических отношений.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jussi Lankoski, Markku Ollikainen
We study the multifunctional character of agriculture in a model of endogenous input use and land allocation augmented by biodiversity, landscape amenity, and nutrient runoff. While biodiversity and landscape amenities represent the public good aspects of agriculture, nutrient runoff represents its negative externalities. We show that the private use of fertilizer input is higher and the size of buffer strips lower than the socially optimal solution requires. Also the socially optimal land allocation differs from the private solution due to the valuation of landscape diversity and runoff damages. The optimal policy is to use a differentiated fertilizer tax and a differentiated buffer strip subsidy and to determine their levels by the equality between the net value of their marginal product in food production and their effects on the marginal valuation of diversity and runoff damage in each parcel. We characterize empirically socially optimal multifunctional agriculture and the optimal design of the policy instruments by using Finnish data.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Maurice Obstfeld, Kenneth S. Rogoff
Boston: MIT Press, 2002
Foundations of International Macroeconomics provides the first integrative modern treatment of the core issues in international macroeconomics and finance. It can be used as a text for first-year graduate macroeconomics or for second-year graduate international finance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-04-2005
S. O'Donnell, Gerhard Kunz
Москва: Прогресс, 1981, 495 с.
Книга представляет собой фундаментальное исследование организации управления, специализации управленческих функций, их содержания, а также процедур, связанных с осуществлением этих функций. Важное место уделяется рассмотрению концепций, определяющих развитие современной теории управления в США, а именно теории систем и ситуационной теории, а также методов управления, разработанных на их основе.