Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts
Мы не берем все книги по признаку формального соответствия темам. Отбираем лучшее по качеству и релевантности. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 62

Книги

Авторы:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U VW X Y Z
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Steffen Abele, Peter Voigt, Peter Weingarten
2002
Subsistence agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has only recently gained interest from agricultural economists. Their origin, their future and even their definition is still not well elaborated. This paper tries to throw light on the issue of subsistence farming in CEE. It first discusses the theoretical and empirical background of subsistence agriculture. This part is followed by a typology of subsistence farming as found in CEE. Analysis considers several hypotheses on the cause of subsistence agriculture, among them the structure of land ownership, market imperfections and lack of alternative income sources or low opportunity costs of labour respectively. Of all these hypotheses, only the latter can be proofed empirically, which is done by a nonlinear regression analysis. The paper concludes that this gives reason to argue that rather economic problems than specific problems related to the agricultural structure in CEE determine the degree of subsistence farming. Consequently, structural and social policies rather than agricultural policies like market intervention are to be considered.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 09-12-2003
Mark Armstrong, Simon G.B. Cowan, John Vickers
Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1994, 406 с.
Regulatory reform had its beginnings in the United States in the 1970s, and today it is taking place around the globe. One of the central questions for industrial policy is how to regulate firms with market power. Regulatory Reform tackles this important policy issue in two parts: it describes an analytical framework for studying the main issues in regulatory reform, and then applies the analysis to the British experience in four utility industries - telecommunications, gas, electricity, and water supply. Britain's utility industries, state-owned monopolies just ten years ago, offer a dramatic example of comprehensive reforms with parallels elsewhere: industries have been restructured, markets have been liberalized, and new regulatory methods and institutions have been created. The authors focus on common policy questions that arise in each industry while taking into account the considerable diversity between the industries and the different reform policies adopted. The analysis and experience in Britain's utility industries also provides a rich variety of issues concerning monopolistic and anticompetitive practices that are of interest for competition policy in general.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-01-2003
Ray Barrell, Genre Veronique
London: National Institute of Economic and Social Research, 1999
В последние десятилетия многие европейские страны сталкиваются с ростом неравенства в доходах и заработной плате, долгосрочной безработицей. Особенно это касается таких групп на рынке труда, как женщины и молодёжь. Таким образом, реформа рынка труда как необходимый инструмент эффективного развития экономики в целом, осознается практически всеми. В данной работе описывается реформирование рынка труда, проводимое в Соединённом Королевстве, а также в других европейских странах (Дании, Новой Зеландии, Нидерландах). Особое внимание уделяется политике занятости, которая может осуществляться по двум направлениям: создание новых рабочих мест, во-первых, или осуществление ряда мер для более гибкого и эффективного функционирования рынка труда, во-вторых. Часто эти подходы противоречат друг другу и требуют разных мер государственного регулирования. Кроме этого, в книге обсуждаются меры государственной защиты тех групп, которые являются менее конкурентными на рынке труда.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Fabio Bartolini, Vittorio Gallerani, Meri Raggi, Davide Viaggi
2004
The objective of the paper is to develop a methodology for supporting the evaluation and design of agri-environmental schemes. The methodology is based on a combination of mathematical programming, contract theory and multicriteria analysis and is tested on a case study in Northern Italy. The methodology proposed can add insights into the policy design process, by taking consistently into account three issues often overlooked: the adaptation of cropping systems to the measures proposed; the diversity of compliance costs among farmers; the multidimensionality of the decision problem.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 26-02-2003
Richard Blundell, Dias Monica Costa, Costas Meghir, John Van Reenen
2003
Cтатья посвящена оценке государственной программы "Новое предложение для безработной молодежи"по содействию занятости в Англии на основе данных панельного исследования 1982 - 1999 гг.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Harry B. Bowen, Abraham Hollander, Jean-Marie Viaene
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998, 680 с.
This text is about positive and normative issues in international trade and focuses on methods of applied analysis. It includes essential theory sections and chapters dealing with imperfect competition and other new trade theory topics. It also identifies the implications and weaknesses of the various theories and models in terms of empirical implementation. In summary, the text provides a complete and up-to-date approach to applied international trade analysis.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Martina Brockmeier, Claudia A. Herok, Oliver von Ledebur, Petra Salamon
Durban, 2003
Enlarging the EU presents a tremendous effort with obstacles for old and new member states especially in the agricultural sector. In this paper, impacts of a new accession round were analyzed with the help of the comparative-static general equilibrium model GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project). The standard version was extended to allow for a better representation of specific instruments of the Common Agriculture Policy and the EU budget.

To capture detailed effects in new member states, simulations were carried out for 12 candidate countries, the EU-15 and the rest of the world. As for products the focus lies on agriculture. Scenarios include an enlargement with and without the transfer of direct payments in the new member states, according to the proposal of the EU commission from January 2002. Simulations in a post-Agenda 2000 environment led to heterogeneous country specific impacts in the accession countries whereas the changes within EU-15 and the rest of the world were negligible. Due to adjustments in tariffs, trade balances of the new member states were deteriorating while welfare effects are positive. Transfer of direct payments led to more pronounced effects, especially with regard to output and trade. Without direct payments accession countries would be net contributors to the EU budget. This would change when they become eligible for this subsidy. In general, the analysis shows the importance of a country specific perspective.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Guillermo A. Calvo, Carlos A. Vegh
2003
High and persistent inflation has been one of the distinguishing macroeconomic characteristics of many developing countries since the end of World War II. Countries afflicted by chronic inflation, however, have not taken their fate lightly and have engaged in repeated stabilization attempts. More often than not, stabilization plans have failed. The end of stabilizations -- particularly those which rely on a pegged exchange rate -- has often involved dramatic balance of payment crises. As stabilization plans come and go, a large literature has developed trying to document the main empirical regularities and understand the key issues involved. This paper undertakes a critical review and evaluation of the literature related to inflation stabilization policies and balance of payment crises in developing countries.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
Authors study financial fragility, exchange rate crises and monetary policy in an open economy model in which banks are maturity transformers as in Diamond-Dybvig. The banking system, the exchange rate regime, and central bank credit policy are seen as parts of a mechanism intended to maximize social welfare; if the mechanism fails, banking crises and speculative attacks become possible. Authors compare currency boards, fixed rate and flexible rates, with and without a lender of last resort. A currency board cannot implement a socially optimal allocation; in addition, under a currency board bank runs are possible. A fixed exchange rate system may implement the social optimum but is more prone to bank runs and exchange rate crises than a currency board. Larger capital inflows enhance welfare if the no-run equilibrium occurs, but may also render the economy more vulnerable to self-fulfilling runs. A flexible exchange rate system implements the social optimum and eliminates runs, provided the exchange rate and central bank lending policies of the central bank are appropriately designed.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Detlef Deumlich, J. Thiere, H. I. Reuter, L. Völker, R. Funk, Joachim Kiesel
2004
This paper presents a comparative method (SICOM) to evaluate complex site conditions at the level of a Federal State (Brandenburg) and at different areal units. The methodology uses primary site conditions and provides the possibility to objectively compare and judge different ecological questions. Objects with heterogeneous content are pooled in comparison groups. Consideration of the main site characteristics allows a goal-oriented allocation of subsidies. The use of SICOM is demonstrated for the wind and water erosion risk assessment across different scales from Federal State down to a parcel of land. The “parcel” aggregation-level proves to be useful to assess the erosion risk. Larger scales are less useful in the assessment of subsidies policy with regard to erosion risk. SICOM is demonstrated to be suitable for comparing and assessing regional aspects more objectively.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Marijke D'Haese, Wim Verbeke, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Johann Kirsten, Luc D'Haese
Durban, 2003
Commercial producers, brokers, exporters and spinners dominate the wool supply chain in South Africa. Until recently smallholder farmers in the Transkei region had limited access to a profitable market outlet for their wool. In response, the South African wool industry has taken the initiative to help local farmers by building shearing sheds, under which the local association can bulk the wool and trade directly with the brokers. More direct access to the wool brokers is a prerequisite for the farmer to develop a viable business.

This article investigates on the effect of membership in the local shearing shed association on the farmers. revenue. A two-step regression model of the gross margin is used to analyse whether farmers selling through the local association have better financial records as compared to those who sell their wool to local traders. This article exemplifies how institutional innovation through local marketing associations can contribute to economic development in poor rural areas.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Paul Diederen, Hans van Meijl, Arjan Wolters
2002
This paper addresses the question which factors influence a farmer in deciding to adopt an innovation. We differentiate between innovations that are new to the farmer, but already well established in the sector, innovations that are early in their process of diffusion, and innovations that are new to the farmer’s sector. We use an ordered probit approach to relate adoption behaviour to variables that capture characteristics of the farm (labour and financial resources and market position), of the business environment of the farm (type of production and market, degree of regulation) and of the farmer (access to information, capabilities, preferences). We use data on 865 Dutch farms and find that innovation adoption is positively related to labour resources, market position, access to information and past adoption behaviour, and negatively to solvency and the degree of market regulation.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Sabrina Di Pasquale, Vittorio Gallerani, Davide Viaggi
2002
Water management for irrigation requires suitable policy tools able to meet social objectives and private behaviour. The legal framework in the EU is today faced with the new water framework directive (60/2000), that sets up new criteria for water management, regulation and pricing. Among other things, the water framework directive introduces the principle of full cost recovery and the polluter pays principle for water users. For many areas of Italy, this may be a significant shift compared to present payment criteria, based on traditional rights, political prices, partial running cost coverage or others. The aim of this paper is to analyse the problem of water regulation in agriculture as applied to irrigation issues. This is made by setting up and testing a simulation model based on the integration of a mathematical decision making model at farm level and a principal agent model at the level of irrigation boards. The model allows to quantify water demand and the optimal regulation from the point of view of the policy maker. The results show major impacts of water availability and prices on farm income. The adoption of a mix of pricing instruments related at the same time to crop rotation, water consumption and pollution can significantly improve water policy efficacy.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Pierre Dupraz, Isabel Vanslembrouck, Francois Bonnieux, Guido Van Huylenbroeck
2002
This paper examines the factors influencing farmers' participation in several agri-environmental schemes. A multinominal logit model is used to separate between participating and nonparticipating farmers. In addition this model allows to predict farmers participation in one measure as well as in different measures simultaneously. Data stems from a survey conducted in eight European countries and includes a description of both farmer and farm characteristics. Three categories of schemes have been analysed: landscape maintenance, biodiversity protection and restriction of intensive farming practices. The combination of these three types of schemes provides eight possible packages which can be selected by eligible farmers.

The multinominal logit model shows the importance of both farm and farmer as well as attitudinal characteristics on the participation in different combinations of schemes. For instance, the environmental concern favours landscape maintenance and biodiversity protection as well as their combinations with schemes requiring restrictions of intensive practices. However, it has a negative effect on the single participation in schemes requiring restrictions of intensive practices only. Our analysis confirms a number of previous findings. In addition, it shows the importance for policy makers to take into account that farmers have the opportunity to enter several schemes simultaneously. Indeed, due to cost complementarities, joint participation provides both private and public benefits.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 06-01-2004
Peter Fallon, Donald Verry
Oxford: Philip Allan, 1988
Книга представляет собой учебное пособие по экономике труда, к настоящему времени ставшее классическим. Ее рекомендуют в высших учебных заведениях всего мира. В первую очередь она предназначена для учащихся уже знакомых с предметом, т.к. теоретические модели, которые рассматривают П. Фаллон и Д. Верри, достаточно сложны. В книге отлично изложены традиционные темы - такие, как предложение труда и спрос на труд, формирование заработной платы. Некоторые эмпирические данные, приведенные в учебнике, уже устарели. Лучше всего использовать данную книгу в качестве дополнительного учебного пособия по курсу экономики труда.