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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 106


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Опубликовано на портале: 21-01-2004
Authors develop a model that captures important features of debt crises of the Brazilian type. Its applicability to Brazil lies in the fact that (1) in Brazil the macro fundamentals were sound (e.g., a primary surplus, a relatively low debt/GDP ratio, etc.); and (2) in the Brazilian case the trigger appears to be the forthcoming elections, with an expected regime change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Roberto J. Garcia
Durban, 2003
The Uruguay Round of GATT introduced market disciplines to international trade in agricultural commodities. However, in cases where countries negotiated the right to limit market access, support domestic production at high levels and subsidize exports, the spirit of the WTO rules have been violated. The Norwegian meat market (beef, pork, lamb and mutton, and chicken) situations are studied in terms of the policy implications and WTO commitments. If Norway's policy objective is to target some level of production that satisfies its non-trade concerns, then semi-decoupled income support could be an improvement over a policy mix that simultaneously restricts market access, provides domestic support and applies export subsidies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Shyamal K. Chowdhury
This paper assesses the impact of access to information on farm household.s factor market participation. The paper tries to answer two questions. First, does use of telephone have any impact on farm household's factor market participation decision? Second, correcting for market participation, does use of telephone have any impact on the type of factor adjustment decision? For the first question, the paper uses a bivariate probit to correct for omitted variable bias and for the second question, the paper uses a two stage probit. Empirical findings of this paper suggest that access to information in the form of use of telephone has significant positive impact on factor market participation. The difference in market participation between telephone users and nonusers is around 14 percent. However, once a household participate in the market, the use of telephone does not have any impact on specific factor market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Karen Macours, Johan Swinnen
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 9-35 с.
Economic reforms have induced different output and productivity changes in Russia, China and the transition countries of Eastern Europe. The main objective of this paper is to analyze what has caused these differences in performance. We discuss how initial conditions and reform policy choices affect changes in property rights, production organization, terms of trade, and the liberalization of the economy. We analyze how these, in turn, have affected economic performance.

The hypotheses are tested by quantitative analysis. We conclude that it is a combination of both initial conditions and reform policy choices which has caused the differences in performance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-08-2004
Alison Etheridge
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001
Finance provides a dramatic example of the successful application of advanced mathematical techniques to the practical problem of pricing financial derivatives. This self-contained text is designed for first courses in financial calculus aimed at students with a good background in mathematics. Key concepts such as martingales and change of measure are introduced in the discrete time framework, allowing an accessible account of Brownian motion and stochastic calculus: proofs in the continuous-time world follow naturally. The Black-Scholes pricing formula is first derived in the simplest financial context. The second half of the book is then devoted to increasing the financial sophistication of the models and instruments. The final chapter introduces more advanced topics including stock price models with jumps, and stochastic volatility. A valuable feature is the large number of exercises and examples, designed to test technique and illustrate how the methods and concepts can be applied to realistic financial questions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Martin J. Osborne, Ariel Rubinstein
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2006, 368 с.
A Course in Game Theory presents the main ideas of game theory at a level suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates, emphasizing the theory's foundations and interpretations of its basic concepts. The authors provide precise definitions and full proofs of results, sacrificing generalities and limiting the scope of the material in order to do so. The text is organized in four parts: strategic games, extensive games with perfect information, extensive games with imperfect information, and coalitional games. It includes over 100 exercises.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
Macroeconomics began as the study of large-scale economic pathologies such as prolonged depression, mass unemployment and persistent inflation. In the early 1980s rational expectations and new classical economics dominated macroeconomic theory, with the result that such pathologies can hardly be discussed within the vocabulary of the theory. This book evolved from the authors' profound disagreement with that trend. It demonstrates not only how the new classical view got macroeconomics wrong, but how to go about doing macroeconomics the right way.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-10-2003
This intellectual biography of Solomon Barkin focuses on his position as Chief of Research of the Textile Workers Union of America when he was a trail blazer in the field of union studies. The book also covers his contributions in institutional economics and his role as an active worker in the union movement pushing for ways of achieving balance through economic policy in the American economy. Forewords are by Clark Kerr and Solomon Stettin. The book is appropriate for library collections and students and scholars in labor economics, labor management relations and industrial organizations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Michael M. Hutchison
This paper investigates the output effects of IMF-supported stabilization programs, especially those introduced at the time of a severe balance of payments/currency crisis. Using a panel data set over the 1975-97 period and covering 67 developing and emerging-market economies (with 461 IMF stabilization programs and 160 currency crises), authors find that currency crises even after controlling for macroeconomic developments, political and regional factors significantly reduce output growth for 1-2 years. Output growth is also lower (0.7 percentage points annually) during IMF-stabilization programs, but it appears that growth generally slows prior to implementation of the program. Moreover, programs coinciding with recent balance of payments or currency crises do not appear to further damage short-run growth prospects. Countries participating in IMF programs significantly reduce domestic credit growth, but no effect is found on budget policy. Applying this model to the collapse of output in East Asia following the 1997 crisis, we find that the unexpected (forecast error) collapse of output in Malaysia where an IMF-program was not followed-- was similar in magnitude to those countries adopting IMF programs (Indonesia, Korea, Philippines and Thailand).

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Miriam E. Berges, Karina S. Casellas
The purpose of this paper is to provide some microeconomics tools to discuss and evaluate public policies that imply transfers of income from the public sector to the poor and their impact on their food demand and calories and nutrient intakes. This study is concerned with the differences in subsistence expenditures, own-price elasticities and income elasticities for two households groups segmented by income: those people below the poverty guideline and those above it. The attention of our research is focused on a demand system for all food groups included in a National Consumption Survey and examines the household food consumption behavior by partitioning the sample. A complete system of demand equations, the Linear Expenditure System (LES), has been used due to its relative empirical expediency. Some additional econometric techniques to correct the bias in the parameter estimates were also applied because of the large number of zero observations in the data. Preliminary estimations following the procedure suggested in the Park et al. (1996) paper, gave some results that they were not as good as we expected and we finally use an alternative one based on Shonkwiler and Yen (1999).
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Ольга Валерьевна Шик
The conventional PSE’s methodology doesn’t provide adequate estimation of agricultural support for the economy in transition. In this paper we attempt to adjust PSE’s methodology for Russian economy, and also coefficients’ analysis and interpretations are adapted for transitional conditions. Investigation showed that the level of agricultural support in Russia is much lower than conventional methodology estimates.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Patrick Minford, David Peel
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
Since the rational expectations revolution in macroeconomics, the subject has changed massively, adopting the principles behind the revolution and building on them in a spectacular way. In this accessible and informative book, the authors guide the student through what has become the conceptual and mathematical maze of modern macroeconomics. It is intended primarily for the postgraduate student but will also be useful for upper level undergraduates. It explains the basics of each topic and provides a solid grounding for the student to tackle more complex and detailed material in the area.
The topics covered include:
an introduction to the traditional macro-classical macro/adaptive expectations
how to understand and solve standard macro models with rational expectations
implications of rational expectations for monetary and fiscal policy
the open economy
the new models of representative agents and real business cycles
the political economy of economic policy (the political business cycle) and independent central banks
the supply-side, unemployment and growth
empirical testing of the rational expectations hypothesis
the efficient markets hypothesis with empirical applications including bond and exchange markets
learning, time series-linear and nonlinear.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
David Romer
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002
David Romer;s Advanced Macroeconomics, 2e is the standard text and the starting point for graduate macro courses and helps lay the groundwork for students to begin doing research in macroeconomics and monetary economics. A series of formal models are used to present and analyze important macroeconomic theories. The theories are supplemented by examples of relevant empirical work, which illustrate the ways that theories can be applied and tested. This well-respected and well-known text is virtually unique in the marketplace.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Geoffrey A. Jehle, Philip John Reny
Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2001, cерия "Addison-Wesley series in economics", 543 с.
This rigorous, up-to-date text on modern microeconomic theory presents all of the core mathematics, neoclassical theory, game theory, and information economics needed to access the modern professional literature. Complex theory is patiently and carefully developed, then clearly explained and illustrated because even well-prepared students benefit from additional math help. Careful explanations, efficient theorem-proof organization, and many examples and exercises make this a uniquely effective text for advanced courses. Students will appreciate the clear writing and accessible style.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
The Econometric Society holds a World Congress every five years. The programme of these congresses has traditionally included a series of invited symposia, where speakers survey important recent advances in economic theory and econometrics. These two volumes, with their focus on econometrics, and their companion volume on economic theory, contain papers delivered at the Fifth World Congress held in 1985.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)