на главную поиск contacts
Мы не берем все книги по признаку формального соответствия темам. Отбираем лучшее по качеству и релевантности. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 27


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Giovanni Anania
The paper shows how analyses assuming perfect competition can yield a distorted estimation of the expected effects of a trade liberalization when market imperfections exist. The analytical framework adopted is very simple and three extreme imperfect market structures are considered. In the first case, the exporting country maximizes its producer and consumer surplus by intervening in the world market. The second market imperfection considered is the existence of a private firm playing the role of “pure middleman” in the world market. Then the case of a producer-owned marketing board which is granted exclusive export authority is addressed. It is shown that under all three scenarios, if perfect competition is assumed when market imperfections exist, the impact of a tariff reduction on prices and volume traded is overestimated. A ranking of the size of such distortions in the three cases analyzed is provided. Finally, it is proved that when a private firm exerts monopoly and monopsony power in the world market, both the importing and the exporting countries may well be better off if, rather than making a move towards trade liberalization, the importing country “compensates” the exporting country by means of a direct transfer.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Game Theory [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Drew Fudenberg, Jean Tirole
Изд-во: MIT Press, 1991, 603 с.
This advanced text introduces the principles of noncooperative game theory - including strategic form games, Nash equilibria, subgame perfection, repeated games, and games of incomplete information - in a direct and uncomplicated style that will acquaint students with the broad spectrum of the field while highlighting and explaining what they need to know at any given point. The analytic material is accompanied by many applications, examples, and exercises. The theory of noncooperative games studies the behavior of agents in any situation where each agent's optimal choice may depend on a forecast of the opponents' choices. "Noncooperative" refers to choices that are based on the participant's perceived selfinterest. Although game theory has been applied to many fields, Fudenberg and Tirole focus on the kinds of game theory that have been most useful in the study of economic problems. They also include some applications to political science. The fourteen chapters are grouped in parts that cover static games of complete information, dynamic games of complete information, static games of incomplete information, dynamic games of incomplete information, and advanced topics.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Roger B. Myerson
Harvard: Harvard University Press, 1997, 584 с.
Eminently suited to classroom use as well as individual study, Roger Myerson's introductory text provides a clear and thorough examination of the models, solution concepts, results, and methodological principles of noncooperative and cooperative game theory. Myerson introduces, clarifies, and synthesizes the extraordinary advances made in the subject over the past fifteen years, presents an overview of decision theory, and comprehensively reviews the development of the fundamental models: games in extensive form and strategic form, and Bayesian games with incomplete information.

Game Theory will be useful for students at the graduate level in economics, political science, operations research, and applied mathematics. Everyone who uses game theory in research will find this book essential.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Herbert Gintis
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000
In this problem-oriented introduction to the field, Herbert Gintis exposes students to the techniques and applications of game theory through a wealth of sophisticated and surprisingly fun-to-solve problems involving human (and even animal) behavior.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-12-2006
Robert Gibbons
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992, 288 с.
This book introduces one of the most powerful tools of modern economics to a wide audience: those who will later construct or consume game-theoretic models. Robert Gibbons addresses scholars in applied fields within economics who want a serious and thorough discussion of game theory but who may have found other works overly abstract. Gibbons emphasizes the economic applications of the theory at least as much as the pure theory itself; formal arguments about abstract games play a minor role. The applications illustrate the process of model building--of translating an informal description of a multi-person decision situation into a formal game-theoretic problem to be analyzed. Also, the variety of applications shows that similar issues arise in different areas of economics, and that the same game-theoretic tools can be applied in each setting. In order to emphasize the broad potential scope of the theory, conventional applications from industrial organization have been largely replaced by applications from labor, macro, and other applied fields in economics. The book covers four classes of games, and four corresponding notions of equilibrium: static games of complete information and Nash equilibrium, dynamic games of complete information and subgame-perfect Nash equilibrium, static games of incomplete information and Bayesian Nash equilibrium, and dynamic games of incomplete information and perfect Bayesian equilibrium.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2003
1998 gab das Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung bei der I+G Gesundheitsforschung GmbH (vormals: Infratest Epidemiologie und Gesundheitsforschung) im Rahmen seines Projektes „Lebensstile und ihr Einfl uss auf Gesundheit und Lebenserwartung“ eine Erhebung in Auftrag, die unter dem Titel „Leben + Gesundheit in Deutschland“ durchgeführt wurde. Unter diesem Titel lief bereits in den Jahren 1984 bis 1986 der erste Nationale Gesundheitssurvey, der wesentlicher Bestandteil der Deutschen Herz-Kreislauf-Präventionsstudie war. In späteren Jahren gab es weitere Erhebungen zu diesem Themenkomplex, in die in den Jahren 1991/92 erstmals auch die neuen Bundesländer einbezogen wurden. Bei all diesen Surveys handelt es sich um Querschnittserhebungen, die jeweils auf einer neuen repräsentativen Stichprobe basierten und bei denen zum Teil auch medizinische Untersuchungen durchgeführt wurden.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
Addresses a class of statistical models that generalizes classical linear models-extending them to include many other models useful in statistical analysis. Incorporates numerous exercises, both theoretical and data-analytic Discusses quasi-likelihood functions and estimating equations, models for dispersion effect, components of dispersion, and conditional likelihoods Holds particular interest for statisticians in medicine, biology, agriculture, social science, and engineering
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Kym Anderson, Rodney Tyers
Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992
Авторы книги исследуют эффект от либерализации мировой торговли продукцией сельского хозяйства. Рассматривается современное состояние торговли сельскохозяйственной продукцией и проблемы либерализации, изменение структуры мировых продовольственных рынков, политика протекционизма сельского хозяйства развитыми странами, моделируется ситуация либерализации торговли, рассчитываются потери и выгоды от данной политики.

Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Ankie Hoogvelt
Basingstoke: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001, 336 с.
Globalization is at the heart of debates about the present phase of development of the world economy. In Globalization and the Postcolonial World, Ankie Hoogvelt joins these debates to examine the ways in which globalization is affecting the countries of the developing world. Taking a new look at historical trends and theories in development studies, Hoogvelt describes the diverse impacts of globalization in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, and Latin America, identifying different postcolonial responses in each of these regions.
New to this edition are sections on the new "digital" economy; the resurgence of the United States after decades of putative relative decline and the question of renewed U.S. dominance in the global system; and the volatility of the global financial markets culminating in the East Asia crisis of 1997. Part II has been thoroughly reconfigured and expanded, as have the chapters on East Asia and on Africa. Finally, the conclusions have been rethought in the light of the mushrooming cloud of antiglobalist protests.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Jeffrey A. Frankel, Sergio L. Schmukler, Luis Serven
Using a large sample of developing and industrialized economies during 1970-1999, this paper explores whether the choice of exchange rate regime affects the sensitivity of local interest rates to international interest rates. In most cases, we cannot reject full transmission of international interest rates in the long run, even for countries with floating regimes. Only large industrial countries can benefit, or choose to benefit, from independent monetary policy. However, short-run effects differ across regimes. Dynamic estimates show that interest rates of countries with more flexible regimes adjust more slowly to changes in international rates.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2003
"a comprehensive book, well presented and clearly written." The New Zealand Statistician "Chapters contain some theory but they are mainly directed toward application with some numerical illustrations which generally use simulated sets to be found in the AppendixThe level of exposition is generally clear and directthe book should prove useful to practising statisticians." Short Book Reviews (International Statistical Institute) "the authors have carried out the helpful task of bringing together into a useful reference volume a large amount of material on an interesting topic which has previously been scattered throughout the literature." Royal Statistical Society
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 17-09-2003
Joanne Oxley
London: Routledge, 1999, cерия "Studies in Global Competition", 127 с.
International joint ventures and strategic alliances built on recent theoretical developments in Transaction Costs Economics (TCE) and the factors influencing the formation and governance of these alliances are examined in this analytical text. By bringing rigorous empirical analysis to an arena which has largely been pursued through speculative and theoretical approaches, this book will prove to be an insightful contribution to international business, strategy, and economics.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Emmanuelle Raynaud, Loic Sauvee, Egizio Valceschini
For many agricultural products, the quality of the final products strongly depends on different stages of the productive chain. This stresses the importance of relationships between quality signal owners and suppliers in the vertical chain. Based on a New Institutional Economics analysis, the goal of this paper is twofold:
(i) to design a framework to study the links between quality signaling, coordination in the supply chains and the institutional environment,
(ii) to conduct a comparative analysis to identify, compare and explain the modes of organization implemented for the governance of different quality signs.
The general hypothesis is that, in order to assure the credibility of a quality signal, there must be an efficient alignment between quality characteristics and governance of the supply chain. To test this general hypothesis, we have conducted a comparative analysis of 42 case studies in 3 sectors (processed meat, cheese, fruit and vegetable sectors) from 7 European countries. This diversity allows us to compare the organizations designed to govern different quality signals in different institutional environments and to test the matching between quality signals and governance structures.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Government Debt [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Douglas W. Elmendorf, Gregory N. Mankiw
This paper surveys the literature on the macroeconomic effects of government debt. It begins by discussing the data on debt and deficits, including the historical time series, measurement issues, and projections of future fiscal policy. The paper then presents the conventional theory of government debt, which emphasizes aggregate demand in the short run and crowding out in the long run. It next examines the theoretical and empirical debate over the theory of debt neutrality called Ricardian equivalence. Finally, the paper considers the various normative perspectives about how the government should use its ability to borrow.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Charles Moss, Andrew Schmitz
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, 304 с.
Авторы пытаются определить экономические детерминанты стоимости земли и последствия изменения цены земли на примере США и Канады. Анализ построен на рассмотрении следующих разделов : исторический обзор структуры и поведения земельного рынка в США, связь между стоимостью фермерской земли и аграрной политикой США, рынок капитала и стоимость фермерских земель, механика функционирования рынка фермерской земли с точки зрения издержек по покупке и продаже земельных участков, экология и проблемы расширяющейся урбанизации, государственное регулирование в области запрета на владение фермерской землёй иностранными гражданами и его влияние на стоимость фермерских земельных наделов в Канаде.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)