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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 15


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
Domenico Siniscalco, Ignazio Musu
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996
In recent years, analysts, researchers and environmental policy makers have been faced with a serious shortage of empirical data on environmental phenomena. In fact, the information gathered by various organisations has not yet been systematically classified into a consistent system of accounts. This book presents the results of a joint research effort by the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei and Italy's Central Statistical Office (ISTAT) to design a system of accounts for natural and environmental resources. The resulting environmental accounts can be integrated with the existing system of national accounts, in order to estimate the so-called `green GDP' or `net national product' (NNP).
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Timo J. Hamalainen
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
The current paradigm shift in the world economy is challenging the traditional competitiveness and growth theories with their few explanatory variables. This book offers a more holistic framework to synthesise the key findings of the various branches of competitiveness and growth research.
The author illustrates this framework with a new long wave theory of socio-economic development. This theory emphasises the competitiveness and growth benefits of rapid structural adjustment in the rapidly changing techno-economic environment. Based on thorough analysis the author argues that both markets and governments have become less efficient due to the current transformation of the world economy. His empirical data from 22 OECD countries in the 1980s and 1990s illustrates that efficiency and growth-oriented governments have significantly contributed to their countries economic success.
National Competitiveness and Economic Growth will furnish its readers with a better understanding of the interdependencies of many important but seemingly unrelated aspects of modern economies and societies, for example the dynamics of business and technology, and cultural and institutional change. It will appeal to economists, business professionals and policymakers with a special interest in the competitiveness and growth of firms and national economies as well as the long-term development of socio-economic systems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Thilo Glebe, Klaus Salhofer
The number of agri-environmental programs, as well as the share of agricultural land covered under these programs, varies significantly between EU member states. We analyze national differences in the uptake of agri-environmental programs by developing a model of countries’ political objective function. Based on this model we identify six factors which may explain the extent to which agri-environmental policies are implemented: environmental benefits, opportunity costs of participation, financial budget pressure, the share of program expenditures financed by the EU, contribution to the EU budget, and political weight attributed to farmers’ income. The conceptual approach is then supplemented by an empirical analysis.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-01-2004
Tony Prato
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1998, 358 с.
Utilizes basic concepts of economics and finance to explain the relationship of the economy to the ecosystem, seeing the ecosystem as imposing biophysical constraints on economic growth. Means of sustainable economic development and sustainable resource use are stressed. Background material and alternative, more efficient, problem-solving approaches are included.

Учебник по экономике природных ресурсов и окружающей среды. Автор использует основные концепции экономики и финансов для объяснения взаимосвязи экономики с экосистемой, рассматривая экосистему, как биофизическое ограничение экономического роста. Рассматриваются средства достижения устойчивого развития и использования природных ресурсов.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Flora J. Nankhuni, Jill L. Findeis
Durban, 2003
This paper presents results of research that investigates if long hours of work spent by children in fuel wood collection and water collection activities, hereafter referred to as resource (collection) work, are related to the probability that a child aged 6-14 will attend school. Possible endogeneity of resource work hours is corrected for, using two-stage conditional maximum likelihood estimation. Using data from a 1997-98 Malawi Integrated Household Survey (IHS) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO), the study finds that children are significantly involved in resource collection work and their probability of attending school decreases with increases in hours spent on this work. The study further shows that girls spend more hours on resource work and are more likely to be going to school while burdened by this work. Consequently, girls may find it difficult to progress well in school. However, girls are not necessarily less likely to be attending school. The results further show that presence of more women in a household is associated with a lower burden of resource work on children and a higher probability of children.s school attendance while that of men is not. Finally, the study shows that children from the most environmentally degraded districts of central and southern Malawi are less likely to attend school and few of them have progressed to secondary school compared to those from the north region districts.
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New Growth Theory [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Jati K. Sengupta
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 1998
New growth theory attempts to explain the process of long run economic growth through endogenous forces such as human capital, knowledge spillover and information technology. This book offers an up-to-date critical review of the most important economic issues in new growth theory and discusses its empirical evidence, optimality and usefulness in national policy making.
Professor Sengupta critically analyzes the dynamic and disequilibrium models as applied to recent international growth and discusses their policy implications for structural adjustment, technological innovation and international spillover of knowledge. He empirically illustrates the various phases of growth in technology-intensive sectors such as flexible manufacturing and the semi-conductor and telecommunications industries, presenting new insights into the effects of the learning process on growth and the different phases of the innovation process. He also provides a detailed new approach to learning by doing. He then critically reviews the foreign exchange market in relation to international development. Lastly, he applies time-series econometric methods to R&D investment in human capital in a global framework.
New Growth Theory will be invaluable to graduate students and scholars of macroeconomics and researchers in growth theories and economic development
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ольга Мелюхина, Ирина Георгиевна Храмова
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 383-404 с.
This paper is focused on the changes in the food marketing chain in Russia in the first period of the transition progress. Significant market imperfections resulting from macroeconomic imbalances related to the transition period led to the emergence of new elements in the food marketing system specific to the transition period. On the one hand, it is characterized by new market-oriented actors such as household-type and/or commercial firms and, on the other hand, by the slow transformation of traditional players in the existing food marketing chain. The trading arrangements specific to Russia’s agro-food markets in transition, such as ‘barter’ and ‘give-and-take’ operations with their economic implications for the emerging market structure are discussed. Some potential implications of the recent financial crisis for Russia’s food marketing system are also mentioned.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-07-2005
Ред.: Fabrizio Coricelli, Massimo di Matteo, Frank H. Hahn
New-York: St. Martin Press, 1998, 304 с.
This collection offers a stimulating and insightful overview of the main issues affecting long-term economic growth. The novelty of this book is that it brings together two strands of economic literature, growth and development theories. The communication between different approaches is crucial as it is increasingly understood that growth hinges upon institutional and policy aspects that are generally neglected in the stylized models of growth but highly relevant for developing countries. Government policies and institution design become central to the explanation of divergent growth paths.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Daniel Deybe, Abigail Fallot
Durban, 2003
Relationships between the greenhouse effect and agricultural activity are usually and firstly considered in terms of the impact of climate change on agriculture. But in reverse, farmers and herders may react to a climate policy imposing a carbon price to GHG-emitting activities, and possibly contribute to the emissions mitigation as well as to carbon sequestration. The degree of efficiency of the reactions will vary across regions of the world and across activities. A methodology considering risk associated with technology changes is proposed for estimating and accounting these reactions under production and resource constraints. For a business-as-usual scenario quantified by the integrated assessment model Image, decisions concerning land-use and alternative practices are modeled. Results indicate that main agricultural activities provide little room for manoeuvre for emissions mitigation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jackeline Velazco
Is it feasible to increase income and generate employment in the context of a traditional labour intensive rural industry with strong linkages to an agriculturally backward economy? In order to address this issue, primary data from four villages of Peruvian North Sierra was used. The case of the hat making activity, employing exclusively family labour, purchasing the main input (straw, paja de palma) from Ecuador, and with consumers concentrated on villages and small towns, was investigated. The analysis was made at the market level. Considering the context of a self-employment activity, a theoretical framework was developed to explain the determinants of labour demand, input demand, hat output and labour return. Demand and supply constraints to the expansion of hat making activity were found. Important differences in the value of labour marginal product across the sample were identified. These were mainly associated with the use of varied input quality. Growth based on local demand would not be viable given falls in consumer incomes - mainly farmers - and expected changes in consumer preferences; therefore the growth motor would rest more in market expansion and product diversification to urban consumers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 06-07-2005
Takeshi Amemiya
This is a survey of non-linear regression models, with an emphasis on the theory of estimation and hypothesis testing rather than computation and applications, although there will be some discussion of the last two topics. For a general discussion of computation the reader is referred to Chapter 12 of this Handbook by Quandt. My aim is to present the gist of major results; therefore, I will sometimes omit proofs and less significant assumptions. For those, the reader must consult the original sources.

См. также: Handbook of Econometrics, Volume 1

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
This book systematically and thoroughly covers a vast literature on the nonparametric and semiparametric statistics and econometrics that has evolved over the past five decades. Within this framework, this is the first book to discuss the principles of the nonparametric approach to the topics covered in a first year graduate course in econometrics, e.g., regression function, heteroskedasticity, simultaneous equations models, logit-probit and censored models. Professors Pagan and Ullah provide intuitive explanations of difficult concepts, heuristic developments of theory, and empirical examples emphasizing the usefulness of modern nonparametric approach. The book should provide a new perspective on teaching and research in applied subjects in general and econometrics and statistics in particular.

"This book contains nonparametric concepts for information recovery that will become an enduring element of every econometrician's tool kit." George Judge, University of California, Berkeley

"Pagan and Ullah have brought together a large set of research results in semi- and nonparametric estimation that greatly improves the accessibility of this important body of research to graduate students and professionals." Joel Horowitz, University of Iowa

"A valuable treatment of nonparametric and semiparametric methods in econometrics. This book will be a useful resource for years to come." Oliver Linton, Yale University

"This book covers an enormous amount of material in a succinct and user friendly fashion.... I strongly recommend it." Professor O.B. Linton, London School of Economics

"...thorough and elegant." Mathematics of Computing

"Pagan and Ullah's textbook, Nonparametric Econometrics, is not intended to be a 'cookbook' nor would it be confused with one. If, however, you are looking for the most comprehensive collection of nonparametirc and semiparametric methods dealing with those issues that are often encountered by applied economists, then this definitely is the book for you. This textbook deserves to be in the library of all economists who wish to keep abreast of less-than-fully parametric econometric techniques, and would serve readily as the cornerstone for a graduate course on the subject." JASA
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
This essay considers some prescriptions that are currently popular regarding exchange rate regimes: a general movement toward floating, a general movement toward fixing, or a general movement toward either extreme and away from the middle. The whole spectrum from fixed to floating is covered (including basket pegs, crawling pegs, and bands), with special attention to currency boards and dollarization. One overall theme is that the appropriate exchange rate regime varies depending on the specific circumstances of the country in question (which includes the classic optimum currency area criteria, as well as some newer criteria related to credibility) and depending on the circumstances of the time period in question (which includes the problem of successful exit strategies). Latin American interest rates are seen to be more sensitive to US interest rates when the country has a loose dollar peg than when it has a tight peg. It is also argued that such relevant country characteristics as income correlations and openness can vary over time, and that the optimum currency area criterion is accordingly endogenous.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Willem Hendrik Buiter
This note comments on two central issues for fiscal policy design in the UK, highlighted in the recent Code for Fiscal Stability' proposed by the new Labour government. The first concerns the merits of the so-called golden rule of public sector investment' -- the proposition that, over the cycle, government borrowing should not exceed government capital formation. The second concerns the case for attempting to construct a more comprehensive balance sheet of public sector assets and liabilities, including tangible public sector assets and certain contingent claims. The two main conclusions are that the golden rule is without merit but that, subject to some important caveats, the construction of a more comprehensive government balance sheet is a worthwhile enterprise.

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Boubaker Dhehibi, Jose Maria Gil, Ana M. Angulo
Durban, 2003
The objective of this paper is to analyse the Spanish demand for food taking into account the consumer.s concern about the relationship between food diet and health. This concern is forcing food demand analysts to assume that consumer utility is a function of nutrients instead of simply the food products themselves. A CBS demand model has been considered to model the new demand function obtained, which is estimated with a complete panel data set. Ten broad categories, nine nutrients and the most relevant socio-economic variables have been considered. Finally, after an apropriate model selection strategy, expenditure, price and nutrient elasticities, as well as main sociodemographic effects, have been calculated.
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