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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2140

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Katinka Weinberger
Durban, 2003
Micronutrient malnutrition, particularly of iron, is widespread on the South Asian subcontinent and economic losses due to reduced productivity of afflicted population groups are believed to be substantial.

This paper examines the impact of micronutrient intake on productivity of household engaged in agricultural labor in India by applying a two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimation technique. The micronutrient under investigation is iron. The results indicate that productivity, measured in wages is indeed affected through insufficient intake, and that wages would on average be 5 to 17.3 percent higher, if households would achieve recommended intake levels of the micronutrient discussed here. The results demonstrate that policy interventions that aim at enhancing micronutrient intake can be regarded as investments in improved productivity and higher household incomes. Enhancing micronutrient intake will contribute significantly to overall economic growth and development.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Christoph Weiss, Wolfgang Briglauer
2002
This paper examines the impact of various farm and household characteristics (such as farm size, the off-farm employment status, the farm operator's age and schooling and the number of family members) on the level as well as the dynamics of on-farm diversification. Using linked census data for Upper-Austria from 1980, 1985 and 1990 we provide evidence that smaller farms are more specialised and also tend to increase the degree of specialisation over time more quickly than large farms. A significantly lower degree of diversification (higher degree of specialisation) as well as a stronger reduction in diversification over time is also reported for businesses operated by older, less educated, part-time farm operators. The analysis of diversification dynamics also suggests that (a) farms adjust to changes in their environment by steadily approaching their long-run equilibrium level of diversification ( β-convergence), and (b) the variance of the diversification distribution declines over time (σ-convergence).
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Hartmut Wendt, Andreas Heigl
Berlin: BiB, 2000
Tagung des Arbeitskreises "Migration Integration Minderheiten" der Deutschen Gesellschaft fьr Bevцlkerungswissenschaft (DGBw) fand im Oktober 1999 in Berlin statt. Die Organisatoren hatten sich zum Ziel gesetzt, nach einer thematischen Ьberblicksveranstaltung im Vorjahr (verцffentlicht in den Materialien zur Bevцlkerungswissenschaft, Band 94) das Themenfeld der Integration zu behandeln und luden dazu gezielt Referenten ein, um aus der Sicht ihrer Disziplin Probleme und Chancen der Integration von Zuwanderungspopulationen zu beleuchten. Dabei sollten bewusst die nationalen Grenzen ьberschritten werden um vergleichende Aspekte der Integrationsprozesse zu behandeln. Mit der Gewinnung von Referenten aus Frankreich und der Schweiz ist dies auch ein Stьck weit gelungen.Das Einleitungsreferat von Hartmut Wendt erörtert bezugnehmend auf die aktuelle politische Diskussion und ausgehend von der demographischen Situation in Deutschland - die Notwendigkeit einer regulierten Zuwanderung, die auch stets die Integration der Einwanderer zu implizieren hat. Der Beitrag der Ausländerbeauftragten von Berlin, Frau Barbara John, stellt das Berliner Konzept der Ausländerintegration vor. Sie veranschaulicht am Beispiel Berlin Integrationsmaßnahmen, die den Einstieg in den Arbeitsmarkt erleichtern und ein kulturelles Miteinander sowie die Teilhabe am politischen Leben ermöglichen. Hartmut Häußermann postuliert aus der Sicht des Stadtsoziologen eine Krise der "europäischen Stadt" und diskutiert neue bzw. "vormoderne" Formen urbaner Integration. Er erörtert zwei theoretische Ansätze der Integration (Simmel und Park) und hebt abschließend die Bedeutung der sozialen Integration für die Zukunft der Stadt hervor. Die empirisch ausgerichtete Analyse von Alois Weidacher ist auf die soziokulturellen und politischen Orientierungen ausgewählter ethnischer Gruppen fokussiert und kommt zu dem Schluss, dass eine hohe Ähnlichkeit in politischen Einstellungen der Befragten unterschiedlicher Nationalitäten festzustellen ist, die sich insbesondere in der Zustimmung zu demokratischen Prinzipien einer politischen Ordnung zeigen würde. Allerdings sind Mehraufwendungen gerade im Bildungsbereich notwendig, um eine statusgleiche Eingliederung für die Kinder von Migrantenfamilien zu ermöglichen. Die Integration der Türken in Deutschland ist das Thema des Beitrages von Andreas Goldberg. Die Ergebnisse einer Telefonbefragung von türkischstämmigen Migranten weisen auf die Widersprüchlichkeit, ja Gegensätzlichkeit der Ergebnisse der Integrationsprozesse hin. Während auf der negativen Seite vor allem die schlechte Bildungs- und Ausbildungssituation und damit der niedrige sozioökonomische Status stehen, sind die ausgeprägten Kontakte der Türken zu Deutschen sowie die hohe Zahl an Einbürgerungsinteressierten als positive Aspekte der Integration zu werten. Oliver Hämming stellt die Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Telefonbefragung unter türkischen und italienischen jungen Erwachsenen der zweiten Ausländergeneration sowie schweizerischer junger Erwachsener im Kanton Zürich vor. Auch hier wird deutlich, dass junge Erwachsene der zweiten Einwanderergeneration im Vergleich mit gleichaltrigen "Einheimischen" schlechter abschneiden. Gerade die zweite Ausländergeneration ist als strukturell unterprivilegiert und desintegriert zu bezeichnen. Die Folge ist erhöhte individuelle Anomie, die mit Statusfrustration, Deprivation sowie normativer Desorientierung einhergeht und sich in Aggressivität, Depressivität sowie geringem Selbstwertgefühl äußert. Einen interessanten Einblick in das Verhältnis Frankreichs zu seinen Immigranten gewährt Frau Anne Dumasy. Unter dem Aspekt eines Vergleichs zwischen Frankreich und Deutschland wird das französische Staatsbürgerschaftsrecht in seiner rechtsgeschichtlichen Tradition erläutert. Trotz Staatsbürgerschaft seit 1973 wird die Staatsbürgerschaft automatisch bei der Geburt gewährt sind Ausländer, und hier wiederum insbesondere Maghrebiner (die so genannten "Beurs"), oft Zielgruppe der Ausgrenzung. Die Folgen dieser Ausgrenzung, die Gewalt in den Vorstädten (La violence urbaine) werden anschaulich geschildert.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Heinz Wendt, Josef Efken, Inge Uetrecht, Albert Regine
2004
Beside other measures the framework of regulation 1257 (EC)/1999 offered the possibility to implement promotion schemes in food processing and marketing (Art. 25-28). The regulation also claims an evaluation of such measures geared to guidelines formulated through the EUCommission for this purpose. The EU, therefore, has been defined two types of common evaluation questions: chapter specific questions and cross cutting questions. In order to answer these questions a methodological IT-based approach and questionnaire was developed. The methodological approach is presented in detail and also important factors affecting the process of implementation to get sufficient support throughout all stages and authorities involved. First results indicate the intentions of the investors so far and mainly reflect the potential of the database gained through the questionnaire such as detailed breakdown of aims of the supported investments, indicators for competitiveness and a first attempt to get an aggregate measure to assess envisaged aims.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Edwin G. West
USA: Liberty Fund, 1994, "3rd ed.", 364 с.
Abstract
Originally published in 1965, the questions raised in this book concerning state-run education have grown immeasurably in urgency and intensity.

The book re-examines the role of government in education, and challenges the fundamental statist assumption that the state is best able to provide an education for the general population. The author explores the views on education on the 19th-century British reformers and classical economists, who argued the necessity of state education. West demonstrates that by the Foster Act of 1870 the state system of education was superimposed over successful private efforts, thereby suppressing an emerging and increasingly robust structure of private, voluntary and competitive education funded by families, churches and philanthropies. This new and expanded edition addresses the American situation in education, applying the lessons learned from the study of British institutions. It also broadens their application from education to the conduct of democracy as a political system.

Опубликовано на портале: 27-10-2003
This book focuses on China's rural industries, offering an innovative, theoretical framework to explain insitutional change. Susan Whiting explores the complex interactions of individuals, institutions, and the broader political economy to examine variation and change in property rights and extractive institutions in China's rural industrial sector. Whiting explains why public ownership predominated during the early years of reform and why privatization is now taking place. This book will be of interest not only to students and scholars of Chinese economic development, but also of comparative politics and political economy more generally.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Mistrust, argues John O. Whitney, forments meddling corporate bureaucracies that police even the most trivial transactions-squelching innovation and dragging down revenues with crippling administrative overhead. It discourages sales from talking to marketing, marketing to manufacturing, or manufacturing to design. (Or any of them talking to customers of suppliers.) And it provokes harassed managers to endlessly massage their budget and forecast numbers... and their superiors to doubt the results they submit.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007
Jane Whittle
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, cерия "Oxford Historical Monographs", 376 с.
This is an important new scholarly study of the roots of capitalism. Jane Whittle's penetrating examination of rural England in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries asks how capitalist it was, and how and why it changed over the century and a half under scrutiny. Her book intelligently relates ideas of peasant society and capitalism to a local study of north-east Norfolk, a county that was to become one of the crucibles of the so-called agrarian revolution. Dr Whittle uses the rich variety of historical sources produced by this precocious commercialized locality to examine a wide range of topics from the manorial system and serfdom, rights to land and the level of rent, the land market and inheritance, to the distribution of land and wealth, the numbers of landless, wage-earners, and rural craftsmen, servants, and the labour laws.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Claire Whyley, Claire Callender
1997
Этот отчёт посвящён администрации и персоналу вузов. Цель исследования - собрать информацию об отношениях, опыте и ожиданиях администрации и обслуживающего персонала в высшем образовании. Метод - фокус-группы.
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Опубликовано на портале: 26-06-2006
Larry Williams
Москва: Аналитика, 2006, 312 с.
Краткосрочная торговля - подход, применяемый большинством трейдеров при игре на рынке. Этот метод делает возможным самые крупные финансовые доходы, но одновременно он - сложнейший вызов, требующий постоянного внимания и бдительности, а также очень строгого планирования. Написанная Ларри Вильямсом, самым признанным и популярным техническим аналитиком последних трех десятилетий, эта инновационная книга - его первая за почти десятилетие - предлагает основы надежной и выгодной краткосрочной торговли, раскрывая преимущества и недостатки этого столь плодотворного, но все же потенциально опасного предприятия.
Делясь своим многолетним опытом закаленного и успешного трейдера, Вильямс предлагает свое понимание рынка по широкому диапазону тем: от хаоса и спекуляции до прорывов подвижности рынка и стереотипов прибыли. Под его опытным руководством Вы узнаете об основных принципах, движущих рынками, о трех наиболее доминирующих циклах, когда выходить из сделок и как до конца сохранять выигрывающие позиции в выбранных временных рамках.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Ред.: Oliver E. Williamson
New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, 288 с.
An important contribution to organization theory, this volume reports on recent progress in this field, and projects a productive research future. This collection of papers is edited by renowned business thinker Oliver Williamson, who is currently Transamerica Professor of Corporate Strategy at the School of Business Administration at Berkeley. The fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Chester I. Barnard's remarkable and still influential book, The Functions of the Executive, was celebrated with a seminar series at the University of California, Berkeley in the Spring of 1988. Eight of those lectures are published here. The contributors include organization specialists and sociologists (Barbara Levitt and James March; W. Richard Scott; Glenn Carroll; Jeffrey Pfeffer), an anthropologist, a political scientist, and two economists (Mary Douglas; Terry Moe; Oliver Hart; Oliver Williamson). An important contribution to organization theory, this volume reports on recent progress in this field, and projects a productive research future.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Oliver E. Williamson
Detroit: Free Press, 1998, 450 с.
This long-awaited sequel to the modem classic Markets and Hierarchies develops and extends Williamson's innovative use of transaction cost economics as an approach to studying economic organization by applying it to work and labor as well as the corporation itself. In addition, Williamson explores its growing implications for public policy, including its potential influence on antitrust and merger guidelines, labor policy, and SEC and public utility regulations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Oliver E. Williamson
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 488 с.
This book brings together in one place the work of one of our most respected economic theorists on a field in which he has played a large part in originating: the New Institutional Economics. Transaction cost economics, which studies the governance of contractual relations, is the branch of the New Institutional Economics with which Oliver Williamson is especially associated.
Through a transaction cost analysis, The Mechanisms of Governance shows how and why simple contracts give way to complex contracts and internal organization as the hazards of contracting build up. That complicates the study of economic organization, but a richer and more relevant theory of organization is the result. Many testable implications and lessons for public policy accrue to this framework. Applications of both kinds are numerous and growing.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Ред.: Oliver E. Williamson, Scott E. Masten
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1999, 560 с.
This paperback reader for students and scholars presents, in a convenient and accessible form, the articles which together form the foundations of research in transaction cost economics. The volume is divided into three parts: the first part presents the background to the field and includes those path-breaking papers from Coase (1937 and 1972), Williamson (1971) and Alchian and Demsetz (1972). The second part addresses the apparatus of transaction cost economics and includes papers on the structure and limits of firms. The third part presents the applications of transaction cost economics to firm behavior, investment decision-making, contract bidding, regulation and legislation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Ред.: Oliver E. Williamson, Sidney G. Winter
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, 256 с.
This volume derives from a conference held in 1987 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Coase's classic article. The first chapter affords an overview of the volume. It is followed by a republication of the 1937 article, and by the three lectures Coase presented at the conference. These lectures provide a lively and informative history of the origins and development of his thought. Subsequent chapters explore a wide-range of theoretical and empirical issues that have arisen in the transaction cost economic tradition. They illustrate the power of the transaction cost approach to enhance understanding not only of business firms, but of problems of economic organization generally.
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