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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 57

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eric A. Hanushek, Jeffrey S. Banks, Alberto Alesina, David P. Baron, Randall Calvert, A. John Ferejohn, Edward M. Gramlich, Raymond Riezman, William Riker, Pablo T. Spiller, David L. Weimer, John D. Wilson
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 283 с.
Political economy has been an essential realm of inquiry and has attracted myriad intellectual adherents for much of the period of modern scholarship, although its formal split into the distinct disciplines of political science and economics in the nineteenth century has limited the study of important social issues. This volume calls for a reaffirmation of the importance of the unified study of political economy, and explores the frontiers of the interaction between politics and markets. It brings together intellectual leaders from various areas, drawing on state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical analysis from each of the underlying disciplines. Each chapter, while beginning with a survey of existing work, focuses on profitable lines of inquiry for future developments. Particular attention is devoted to fields of active current development.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thomas Heckelei, Hendrik Wolff
The paper introduces a general methodological approach for the estimation of constrained optimisation models in agricultural supply analysis. It is based on optimality conditions of the desired programming model and shows a conceptual advantage compared to Positive Mathematical Programming in the context of well posed estimation problems. Moreover, it closes the empirical and methodological gap between programming models and duality based functional models with explicit allocation of fixed factors. Monte Carlo simulations are performed with a maximum entropy estimator to evaluate the functionality of the approach as well as the impact of empirically relevant prior information in small sample situations.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 13-08-2007
Hendrik S. Houthakker, Peter Williamson
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996
Provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject of financial markets for college level students.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Larry Whiting
Ред.: James Langley, Gary Vocke
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1994, 212 с.
Книга посвящена вкладу в развитие теории и практики аграрной экономики одного из патриархов аграрной экономики США – Е.О. Хэди. Под редакцией Д.Ланглей, Г.Воке, Л.Вайтинг.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 09-06-2006
Stephen F. Leroy, Jan Werner
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 280 с.
Financial economics, and the calculations of time and uncertainty derived from it, are playing an increasingly important role in non-finance areas, such as monetary and environmental economics. Professors Le Roy and Werner here supply a rigorous yet accessible graduate-level introduction to this subfield of microeconomic theory and general equilibrium theory. Since students often find the link between financial economics and equilibrium theory hard to grasp, they devote less attention to purely financial topics such as calculation of derivatives, while aiming to make the connection explicit and clear in each stage of the exposition. Emphasis is placed on detailed study of two-date models, because almost all of the key ideas in financial economics can be developed in the two-date setting. In addition to rigorous analysis, substantial sections of discussion and examples are included to make the ideas readily understandable.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Daniela Lohlein, Johannes Jutting, Peter Wehrheim
The objective of the paper is to identify the determinants of access to health care in rural Russia. We started out with the observation that the transition process has affected the provision of social services in the Russian Federation in general, and in rural areas in particular, owing to the overlap with agricultural reforms. Based on this observation we asked how the reduced role of the state and the concomitant decentralization of policy making has affected access of the rural populace to social services. A review of the available literature on this topic resulted in the formulation of the following three hypotheses. Firstly, that income is a determinant of access to health care. Secondly, that informal payments play an important role in determining access, and thirdly that there are large differences in access to health care services between districts. The hypotheses were tested using household data from a survey conducted in two regions of Russia in 2000. The results indicate that in the study regions, contrary to expectations, neither income nor informal payments are important determinants of access. However, there are large differences in out-of-pocket expenditures between districts, indicating that access to health care varies between districts.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Jens-Peter Loy, Robert D. Weaver
Durban, 2003
Retail pricing strategies incorporate promotions, sales, and rigidities. A number of models have been proposed in particular to explain the occurrence of sales. Focussing on the market for fresh foods the model by Varian and the loss leader argument seem to be intuitively best fitting to the conditions in the fresh food market.

From these models we derive several hypotheses that are tested for a unique data set of the German fresh food retail market. The data set consists of weekly prices for ten food items in 131 grocery shops over the period from 1995 to 2000. Following Varian sales should lead to reduced expenditures, while the loss leader argument assumes that consumers are lured into the shop by promotional sales which are covered by higher prices for other products. The results indicate that expenditures decrease with the number of sales in the short run but this effect is outweighed by a dynamic price adjustment thereafter.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jens-Peter Loy, Christoph Weiss
Only a few studies have analysed staggering and synchronisation in pricing behaviour of multi-product firms. These studies used low-frequency data in an environment of high rates of inflation. This paper investigates staggering and synchronisation of weekly prices for ten food products in 131 grocery stores in Germany over the period from May 1995 to December 2000 (296 weeks). Different forms of staggering and synchronisation (across-store synchronisation, within type-of-store synchronisation, within retailer synchronisation or across-product synchronisation) have been analysed. None of these forms of synchronisation is supported empirically however. In contrast, perfect staggering can only be rejected in very few cases.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Stephen G. Mbogoh, Florence M. Wambugu, Sam Wakhusama
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive contribution to the socio- economic status of resource poor farmers in a developing country, such as Kenya. Adoption of tc technology in banana production in Kenya is considered a good example of biotechnological applications in agriculture. Hence the article hopes to make a contribution to recent debates at international levels as to whether biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world (Qaim, 1999; Graff, et al 2002; Qaim, et al 2002) by showing that it actually does so, using experiences from Kenya. The study utilizes both primary and secondary data sources. The results show that tc-banana production is relatively more capital intensive than non-tc banana production (re: about 70% fixed costs for tc banana versus about 49% fixed costs for non-tc banana). However, tc-banana production is found to offer relatively much higher financial returns than non-tc banana production. The high profitability of tc-banana production relative to traditional (non-tc) banana production and other farm enterprises in the pilot tc-banana project area in Kenya demonstrates the importance of biotechnological applications in rural development and shows that biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world. Therefore, efforts to promote tc-banana production in Kenya are justifiable from both food security and economic criteria.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Chandan Mukherjee, Howard White, Marc Wuyts
London: Routledge, 1998, 520 с.
Getting accurate data on less developed countries has created great problems for studying these areas. Yet until recently students of development economics have relied on standard econometrics texts, which assume a Western context. «Econometrics and Data Analysis for Developing Countries» solves this problem. It will be essential reading for all advanced students of development economics.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 11-08-2004
Nils-Goran Olve, Jan Roy, Magnus Wetter
Москва, 2003, cерия "ИД Вильямс", 304 с.
После выхода основополагающей работы Д.Каплана и Р.Нортона сбалансированная система показателей приобрела широкую популярность в деловом мире. До этого многие компании ориентировались в своей деятельности преимущественно на текущие финансовые цели, которые слабо увязывались с долгосрочными целями компании.
Как правило, это приводило к возникновению разрыва между разработкой стратегии компании и ее практической реализацией.
Стратегические карты, построенные на основе системы сбалансированных показателей, дают полное представление о положении компании, отражая не только финансовые возможности компании, но и ее отношения с потребителями, организацию внутренних бизнес-процессов, перспективы развития и обучения.
Однако, стратегические карты - это не просто система показателей для оценки деятельности компании. Они обеспечивают концентрацию усилий менеджеров на достижении успеха в будущем, а следовательно являются инструментом управленческого контроля и реализации стратегии компании.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 18-05-2004
В книге приводится всеобъемлющий анализ финансовой деятельности предприятий, работающих в условиях рыночной экономики. Детально рассматриваются вопросы планирования капиталовложений, стратегии и тактики инвестиционной политики, управления денежными средствами и производственными запасами, освещаются проблемы дивидендной политики и эмиссии ценных бумаг; значительное место уделяется слияниям и поглощениям фирм, управлению финансовыми рисками, международным аспектам корпоративных финансов. Большое количество примеров способствует усвоению материала книги и приобретению практических навыков в области финансового управления. Книга предназначена для руководителей предприятий, менеджеров всех уровней, а также может быть использована в учебном процессе экономических ВУЗов и колледжей.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Caroline Saunders, Anita Wreford
Durban, 2003
This paper focuses on the impact of mitigating greenhouse gases (GHG) on agricultural trade. In particular, the paper assesses the impact on New Zealand (NZ), which is highly reliant on agricultural trade, with a high percentage of its total GHG emissions are originating in the agricultural sector. The paper also analyses the impact of mitigation strategies in the European Union (EU), which has a low proportion of GHG coming from agriculture, a highly protected agriculture sector, and is a major market and competitor for NZ. Results from a partial equilibrium trade model, the LTEM, show clearly that while these mitigation strategies achieve the goal of GHG reduction, producer returns are also negatively affected. The value of these changes in emissions are then calculated, based on US$15/tonne of carbon dioxide (CO2), and producer returns adjusted for this. Although this value of CO2 goes some way towards offsetting the reduction in producer returns, it would need to be considerably greater in order to provide any significant compensation.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eduardo Segarra, Daniel G. de la Torre Ugarte, Jaime Malaga, Gary W. Williams
Durban, 2003
A non-linear optimization model which maximizes total Ecuadorian social welfare, defined as the sum of Consumers’ and producers’ surpluses for the four major crops (corn, bananas, rice and African palm) is developed to evaluate the tradeoff between welfare and environmental degradation in Ecuador. It was found that a total welfare loss of US$122 million (a 11 percent reduction - from US$ 1.112 billion to US$ 989.66 million) would be expected from a 30 percent reduction in the total pesticide load on the environment in the production of the four major crops. The distributional impacts of the welfare loss were found, however, to be significantly skewed toward the loss of consumers’ surplus. Specifically, a 30 percent reduction of total pesticide load on the environment would result in a reduction of 3.86 percent of producers’ total surplus while consumers would be expected to loose 19.46 percent of their total surplus.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
George Seperich, James Beierlein, Michael Woolverton
USA: Pearson Education, 1996, 298 с.
Данный учебник представляет собой пособие начального уровня по маркетингу в агробизнесе. Агробизнес рассматривается как индустрия, состоящая из таких составных частей как снабжение ресурсами сельского хозяйства, сельскохозяйственное производство, переработка продукции, производство конечной продукции и распределение (дистрибьюция).