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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 88

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D EF G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
Thrainn Eggertsson
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
An important new research program has developed in economics that extends neoclassical economic theory in order to examine the effects of institutions on economic behavior. The body of work emerging from this new line of inquiry includes contributions from the various branches of economic theory, such as the economics of property rights, the theory of the firm, cliometrics and law and economics. This book is the first comprehensive survey of this research program, which the author terms "neoinstitutional economics." The author proposes a unified approach to this research, integrating the work of various contributors and emphasizing the common principles of inquiry that tie the work together. The theoretical discussion is accomplished by empirical studies dealing with a whole range of institutions and economic systems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-01-2004
Daniel Berkowitz, David N. DeJong
Berlin, 2000
In previous work BERKOWITZ and DEJONG, used regional commodity-price data covering the period 1993-96 to document the existence of an internal economic border that divides Russia into two distinct economic regions: the ‘Red Belt’ and the ‘rest of Russia’. The Red Belt represents a group of regions that have broadly resisted the implementation of federally initiated market reforms. Here, we extend this work by quantifying two economic implications of this internal border. First, we show that the Red-Belt border has limited the transmission of price signals to regions within the Red Belt. Second, we show that regions within the Red Belt have experienced extremely poor growth performances relative to Russia as a whole.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Ред.: John Eatwell, M. Milgate, P. Newman
New-York: W.W. Norton, 1989, 350 с.
Economic Development is a subject that came into being only after World War II with the dawn of the postcolonial era and the growing disparities between north and south, rich and poor, developed and less developed countries. Those who wish to follow the lively debates that characterize this field will find no surer guide than the essays in this book.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Assaf Razin, Efraim Sadka, Elhanan Helpman
Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1988, 355 с.
The effects of a government's budget on society and the political economy are of considerable concern to economists as well as to consumers and taxpayers. The original contributions in this book analyze all of the budget's components expenditures, revenues, the deficit - with a special emphasis on issues that have assumed increasing importance over the last decade or so, such as intergenerational transfers of debt and declines in corporate tax revenues.

Chapters deal with both microeconomic and macroeconomic aspects of the effects of budgets, and demonstrate how budgetary policies affect inflation, efficiency, the balance of payments, exchange rates, and the decision-making process.

The contributions are grouped into five sections. The first covers the revenue side of the budget - taxation policy and its interaction with emigration, corporate tax revenues, personal income taxes, and fiscal policies. The second takes up intergenerational transfers, consumption decisions, and Ricardian equivalence and neutrality. Budget deficits and optimal policies, inflation and its relationship to budget deficits are examined in parts three and four.

The book concludes by looking at stabilization in open economies, and includes treatments of the consequences of balance-of-payments crises, exchange rate management under uncertainty, and foreign exchange operations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2003
Jack Vromen
London: Routledge, 1995, 256 с.
Economic Evolution explores three of the main approaches within the new institutional economics: the new theory of the firm, Nelson and Winter's evolutionary economics and game theoretic accounts of spontaneous evolution. Close analysis reveals that the approaches differ on such fundamental issues as the meaning of terms like 'institution' and 'evolution'. However, the book also uncovers two evolutionary mechanisms that govern processes of economic change in all of these approaches.
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Economic Growth [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Robert J. Barro
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998
Why do economies grow? What fixes the long-run rate of growth? These are some of the simplest, but also hardest, questions in economics. Growth of lack of it has huge consequences for a country's citizens. But for various reasons, growth theory has had long fallow patches. Happily, this is changing.
In 1956 Robert Solow developed what became the standard neo-classical model of economic growth. Counties grow, on this theory, by accumulating labour and capital. Adding either obeys diminishing returns: the more labour or capital you already have, the more you need for a further given jump in output. One consequence is that an economy with less capital ought to outgrow one with more. Generally, they do. Another is that growth should eventually drop to zero. Awkwardly, it stays positive. To save the theory, long-run growth was explained by an outside factor, technical innovation, which is not in the growth function itself-- hence the label "exogenous" for the Solow family of models.
Partial as it was, the Solow model won wide acceptance and growth theory slumbered for three decades. Then came two changes. One was an attempt to add technical change and other factors to labour and capital within the growth function so that the model might predict long-run growth without leaning on outside "residuals"--the so-called "endogenous" approach. The other was a huge number of factual studies.
Barro and Sala-i-Martin explain all this and more with admirable clarity (and much demanding maths) in the first modern textbook devoted to growth theory. The main theories are examined. The stress throughout is on linking theory to fact. One of three chapters on empirical work suggests how much each of several possible factors would be needed to explain differing international growth rate--not an explanation itself, but an indispensable set of empirical benchmarks.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Ред.: John Adams
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 1999
The pursuit of economic growth is at the top of every nations policy agenda at the end of the 20th century. This authoritative and comprehensive book goes beyond the narrowly-based convergence model of economic growth by considering global, national and regional patterns of growth from a comparative perspective.
Issues examined include:
the evolution of the firm and the role of R&D
long-term implications of the loss of national sovereignty
international openness
social and political institutions
patterns of regional harmonization in the United States, particularly income and earnings trends across states and the reasons for convergence persistent regional disparities in Europe including the roles of sectoral transformation, regional spillovers, human capital formation and the allocation of structural funds the experience of convergence in individual countries including Italy, the UK, Spain and Germany
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003
Hendrik van den Berg
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001
This textbook by Hendrik Van den Berg on Economic Growth and Development presents a long-awaited synthesis of Development Economics and Growth Theory. It also incorporates the recent contributions to our understanding of economic growth from the fields of economic history and the new institutional economics. By basing its analysis on the recent advances in growth theory, the book offers a unified approach to all episodes of economic growth for countries at all levels of development and throughout history. Students will be comfortable with an analysis that enables them to understand economic growth in their own country as well as in economies very different from their own. The unified theoretical framework greatly facilitates students understanding of the process of economic growth, and the many cases and examples highlight the fascinating diversity of our world.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-07-2005
Ред.: Luigi L. Pasinetti, Robert M. Solow
New-York: St. Martin Press, 1994, 388 с.
This volume collects some of the papers presented at the 82nd Round Table Conference of the International Economic Association, that was organised in collaboration with Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei. The book considers different approaches to the analysis of economic growth and it is organised in five parts. Par I is devoted to "empirical evidence". Part II contains six papers, which present a series of models based on different approaches, but with special emphasis on endogenous growth and on Schumpeterian models of growth and fluctuations. Part III of the book is devoted to the impact of international trade on economic development. Part IV examines the effects of economic development on the natural environment. The final part of the book (Part V) contains the concluding evaluations.

Contributors: P. Aghion, R. Aversi, D. Ben-David, G. Bertola, O. Castellino, F. Donati, G. Dosi, W. Easterly, S. Fabiani, C. Freeman, R. Goodwin, J. Helliwell, E. Helpman, P. Howitt, R. King, M. Landesmann, R. Levine, S. Lombardini, K-G. Maler, W. D. Nordhaus, L. L. Pasinetti, S. Rebelo, A. Sen, L. Soete, R. M. Solow, M. Syrquin, B. Verspagen, S. Zervos
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jikun Huang, Ruifa Hu, Hans van Meijl, Frank van Tongeren
2003
China has made a major investment in biotechnology research. Genetically modified (GM) cotton is widely adopted and the list of GM technologies in trials is impressive. At the same time there is an active debate on when China should commercialize its GM food crops. The overall goal of this paper is to provide an economy-wide assessment of these issues under various scenarios. Based on a unique data from empirical micro-level study and field trial in China and a modified GTAP model, our results indicate that the development of biotechnology has an important impact on China.s production, trade and welfare. Welfare gains far outweigh the public biotechnology research expenditures. Most gains occur inside China. Policy makers should put less weight on the international dimension in making their decisions on biotechnology development.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Melinda Smale
Berlin, 2000
This paper organizes evidence on the problem of in situ conservation for rice, wheat, and maize around the decision-making criterion of the minimum viable reserve (Krutilla, 1967). Put simply, Krutilla argued that while technological change can compensate for the depletion of some stocks, amenities that members of post-industrial society (and developing societies) consume may be lost. Acknowledging that too little was known about the instrumental variables in this dynamic problem, he recommended the identification, based on scientific assessments, of a minimum reserve. He argued that these reservations should meet not only scientific purposes but also the demand for “esoteric” or recreational consumer tastes, such as the enjoyment of the existence of a grand scenic wonder. Similarly, though modern biological techniques can in some instances modify the size of the crop genetic resource stock, proponents of in situ conservation of cultivated crops would argue that certain alleles may be lost as the spatial pattern of crop varieties grown in the fields of the world’s farmers changes with economic development. Furthermore, some food-related amenities around which culture is now defined in local communities and “esoteric” (luxury) food attributes for which consumers in post-industrial societies could eventually be willing to pay may also disappear.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Max W. Corden
New York: University of Chicago Press, 1994
An ambitious successor to W. Max Corden's highly acclaimed Inflation, Exchange Rates, and the World Economy, this book addresses topics in international macroeconomics that have come to the forefront of economic policy debates in recent years. Covering exchange rate policy, the European Monetary System, protection and competition, and the international "non-system" since the collapse of Bretton Woods, Corden provides a probing analysis of significant economic trends associated with the increasing integration of the world capital market.
Beginning with essays on exchange rate policy, the current account, and external effects of fiscal policy, Corden lays out the foundations of balance-of-payments theory in relation to wage rates, income distribution, and inflation. Chapters on the European Monetary System focus on monetary integration and look skeptically at European proposals to move toward monetary union. Other topical essays discuss the "competitiveness" problem and the relation between protection and macroeconomic policy.
Corden summarizes and clarifies a vast range of work on the coordination of macroeconomic policies and critically reviews various proposals for reforming the international monetary system.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Efraim Sadka, Elhanan Helpman
Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 484 с.
This book contains fifteen major essays on international economics. The authors investigate five principal themes: theory, and empirics, of financial issues in open economies; economic growth; public economies; and political economy.

Written to honor Professor Assaf Razin of Tel Aviv and Cornell Universities on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, the essays pay close attention to policy issues as well as formal analysis. The contributors include renowned specialists in international economics based in North America, Europe, Israel, and China. This volume of cutting edge research will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and advanced students alike.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Fernando Vega-Redondo
Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 512 с.
This textbook offers a systematic, self-contained account of the main contributions of modern game theory and its applications to economics. Starting with a detailed description of how to model strategic situations, the discussion proceeds by studying basic solution concepts, their main refinements, games played under incomplete information, and repeated games. For each of these theoretical developments, there is a companion set of applications that cover the most representative instances of game-theoretic analysis in economics, e.g. oligopolistic competition, public goods, coordination failures, bargaining, insurance markets, implementation theory, signaling and auctions. The theory and applications covered in the first part of the book fall under the so-called 'classical' approach to game theory, which is founded on the paradigm of players' unlimited rationality. The second part shifts towards topics that no longer abide by that paradigm. This leads to the study of topics such as the interplay between evolution and rationality.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-09-2003
Paul Anthony Samuelson
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997, 622 с.
Economics by Paul Samuelson is the classic texbook that gave birth to modern economics, and sold millions of copies in more than 40 languages. Now, in this unique and carefully crafted reproduction edition, Samuelsons original words, text, and layout are recreated from the original classic edition. More than just a historical curiosity, however, this books power to explain economics to both the expert and the novice shines on every page. As fascinating now as when they were first published in 1948, the wisdom and applicability of Samuelsons words remain vital in todays turbulent economic world.
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