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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 110

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2008
Andrei Shleifer
Изд-во: Oxford University Press, 2000, cерия "Clarendon Lectures in Economics", 224 с.
The efficient markets hypothesis has been the central proposition in finance for nearly thirty years. It states that securities prices in financial markets must equal fundamental values, either because all investors are rational or because arbitrage eliminates pricing anomalies. This book describes an alternative approach to the study of financial markets: behavioral finance. This approach starts with an observation that the assumptions of investor rationality and perfect arbitrage are overwhelmingly contradicted by both psychological and institutional evidence. In actual financial markets, less than fully rational investors trade against arbitrageurs whose resources are limited by risk aversion, short horizons, and agency problems. The book presents models of such markets. These models explain the available financial data more accurately than the efficient markets hypothesis, and generate new predictions about security prices. By summarizing and expanding the research in behavioral finance, the book builds a new theoretical and empirical foundation for the economic analysis of real-world markets.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 18-09-2007
Ред.: Manus I. Midlarsky
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 384 с.
Связь между неравенством и демократией пленяет умы многих современных ученых. Эта книга посвящена проблемам, впервые поднятым еще во времена Аристотелем, затронутым Марксом и актуальным и по сей день. Исследуются теории связи между неравенством и демократией. Книга акцентирует внимание на источниках демократии, связи между экономическим развитием и порогом демократии, и реакциями на демократизацию. По мере увеличения разрыва между бедными и богатыми как внутри стран, так и между ними, предмет этой книги становится все более и более важным для всего мира.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Witold-Roger Poganietz
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 129-153 с.
Since the opening of the Russian economy in January 1992, exchange rate policy has become an important instrument in the reform and stabilization process. After the real effective exchange rate of the agriculture and food sector had risen continuously since 1992, the introduction of the target system in June 1995 supported its stabilization from 1994.

The changed exchange rate policy leading to low inflation resulted in high real interest rates, deteriorating potential domestic investment possibilities. However, the breakdown of the foreign exchange market and the financial system in summer 1998 has revealed that establishing a target system is no panacea for economic problems, even though it is a credible nominal anchor in a comprehensive reform package.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Guillermo A. Calvo, Carlos A. Vegh
2003
High and persistent inflation has been one of the distinguishing macroeconomic characteristics of many developing countries since the end of World War II. Countries afflicted by chronic inflation, however, have not taken their fate lightly and have engaged in repeated stabilization attempts. More often than not, stabilization plans have failed. The end of stabilizations -- particularly those which rely on a pegged exchange rate -- has often involved dramatic balance of payment crises. As stabilization plans come and go, a large literature has developed trying to document the main empirical regularities and understand the key issues involved. This paper undertakes a critical review and evaluation of the literature related to inflation stabilization policies and balance of payment crises in developing countries.

Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Ben S. Bernanke, Thomas Laubach, Frederic S. Mishkin, Adam S. Posen
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
Inflation Targeting is a groundbreaking study that will have a major impact on the debate over the right monetary strategy for the coming decades. As a unique comparative study of what central banks actually do in different countries around the world, this book will also be invaluable to anyone interested in how economic policy is made.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 09-11-2004
Robert M. Solow, John B. Taylor
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1999, 120 с.
The connection between price inflation and real economic activity has been a focus of macroeconomic research--and debate--for much of the past century. Although this connection is crucial to our understanding of what monetary policy can and cannot accomplish, opinions about its basic properties have swung widely over the years. Today, virtually everyone studying monetary policy acknowledges that, contrary to what many modern macroeconomic models suggest, central bank actions often affect both inflation and measures of real economic activity, such as output, unemployment, and incomes. But the nature and magnitude of these effects are not yet understood. In this volume, Robert M. Solow and John B. Taylor present their views on the dilemmas facing U.S. monetary policymakers. The discussants are Benjamin M. Friedman, James K. Galbraith, N. Gregory Mankiw, and William Poole. The aim of this lively exchange of views is to make both an intellectual contribution to macroeconmics and a practical contribution to the solution of a public policy question of central importance.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-07-2010
Т.В. Богатова, Елена Георгиевна Потапчик, Владимир Алексеевич Чернец, Алла Евгеньевна Чирикова, Людмила Сергеевна Шилова
Ред.: Сергей Владимирович Шишкин
Москва: Транспечать, 2003, 160 с.
On the basis of data from interviews with medical personnel in two Russian regions, the extent to which informal payments in different kinds of medical institutions and departments are spread has been analyzed. It is argued that informal payments is a forced way of adaptation of the medical staff and their patients to the transition period. Rules of informal payments were described, and various models of such payments were built. On this basis, an evaluation is made of the possible outcomes of the legalization of informal payments for medical services.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Masahiko Aoki
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
This book uses differences in firm and market regulation and organization to explain differences in national economic performance. These differences affect the way in which firms process information, which is crucial to performance. Applying game theory, contract theory, and information theory, Aoki describes the rules and conventions in Japan, the USA, and the transitional economies. He shows how firms can achieve and in the case of Japan, maintain competitive advantage in international markets.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 186 с.
This work uses comparative institutional analysis to explain differences in national economic performance. Countries have their own rules for corporate governance and different market arrangements; and these differences in rules and organization affect the way firms behave. Countries also tend to develop norms for the internal structure of firms whether their hierarchies are functional, horizontal, or decentralized. This affects the way in which they process information, and information management is increasingly seen as being of crucial importance to a firm's performance. Aoki accords more importance to these factors than to the factors conventionally used in applying a neoclassical model of economic efficiency. He applies game theory, contract theory, and information theory. By describing the rules and norms in Japan, the USA, and the transitional economies, Aoki shows how firms can achieve competitive advantage in international markets if these norms and rules are well suited to the industrial sector in which the firms operate.

Опубликовано на портале: 24-09-2003
Masahiko Aoki
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988
This book is not another parable of Japan's economic success; it provides rich and systematic descriptions of Japanese microeconomic institutions and interprets their workings in terms familiar to Western economists. A systematic, in-depth analysis of Japanese institutions of this kind has never been available before. In making his comparative analysis of the Japanese system, the author critically examines conventional notions about the microstructure of the market economy that have strongly shaped and influenced economists' approach to industrial organization. While these notions may constitute an appropriate foundation for the analysis of the highly market-oriented Western economies, the author has found that a more complete understanding of the Japanese economy requires us to broaden such "specific" notions. Topics include the internal information structure, incentive scheme, and capital structure of the Japanese firm; corporate and bureaucratic behavior from the viewpoint of bargaining game theory; subcontract design; functions of corporate grouping; the pattern of innovation; and the possible impacts of cultural factors.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2004
Masahiko Aoki
Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 332 с.
This book is not another parable of Japan's economic success; it provides rich and systematic descriptions of Japanese microeconomic institutions and interprets their workings in terms familiar to Western economists. A systematic, in-depth analysis of Japanese institutions of this kind has never been available before. In making his comparative analysis of the Japanese system, the author critically examines conventional notions about the microstructure of the market economy that have strongly shaped and influenced economists' approach to industrial organization. While these notions may constitute an appropriate foundation for the analysis of the highly market-oriented Western economies, the author has found that a more complete understanding of the Japanese economy requires us to broaden such "specific" notions. Topics include the internal information structure, incentive scheme, and capital structure of the Japanese firm; corporate and bureaucratic behavior from the viewpoint of bargaining game theory; subcontract design; functions of corporate grouping; the pattern of innovation; and the possible impacts of cultural factors.

Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004

Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 2000, cерия "Доклады CSTB", 68 с.
Доклад Совета по информатике и телекоммуникациям (Computer Science and Telecommunications Board - CSTB), опубликованный в июле 2000 года. Доклад содержит отчет о работе семинара-мастерской, проведенного в феврале 1999 года. На семинаре были собраны вместе руководители статистических программ, статистики и представители сообщества исследователей информационных технологий. В ходе семинара обсуждались проблемы совершенствования ИТ в интересах удовлетворения требований федеральных статистических программ.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
Traditional growth theory emphasizes the incentives for capital accumulation rather than technological progress. Innovation is treated as an exogenous process or a by-product of investment in machinery and equipment. Grossman and Helpman develop a unique approach in which innovation is viewed as a deliberate outgrowth of investments in industrial research by forward-looking, profit-seeking agents.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Markus Hanisch, Volker Beckmann, Silke Boger, Marcus Brem
2002
Studies of the transition process remind us of Stiglitz’s comparison between pathology and the economic analysis of institutions (1989): asking what went wrong and what did not is the essence of understanding the functioning of social systems. Thus, carefully conducted empirical studies of the transition process itself may yield elucidative results applicable not only to theory but also to institutional policy changes in transition. This paper presents the key findings of KATO, a comprehensive research project focussing on the transition process of agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe. From 1997 to 2000, the project empirically examined processes of liberalization and market development, privatization and property rights changes, as well as restructuring and path dependencies in three Central and Eastern Europe countries: Poland, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria. Conclusions on three analytical levels are drawn: (1) the empirical design for analyzing rapidly changing and evolving institutions in transition economies, (2) the suitability of different theoretical approaches for understanding transition, and (3) policy recommendations targeting better governance and an improved institutional framework.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Karen Macours
2002
This paper analyzes the functioning of land rental markets in the Dominican Republic using a new data set collected specifically to characterize the entire market. We analyze the choice of the landlords and the tenants in the search for the optimal partner. We show how insecure property rights leads to segmentation in the tenancy markets along socio-economic group and hence severely limits access to land for the rural poor.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл