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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 78

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5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 30-07-2004
Intertemporal macroeconomics links microeconomics and growth theory methods. The effects of policies are examined as the dynamic interaction between decisions of agents and policy interventions. The book explores the two basic approaches of models of infinitely-lived agents (Cass-Ramsey-Koopmans approach) and models of overlapping-generations (Allais-Fisher-Samuelson approach). Controversial questions concerning monetary models and monetary policies are also considered in a systematic way. The book also introduces both real models and monetary models of endogenous growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Anwar F. Chishti, Waqar Malik
A theory-based graphical analysis of WTO’s trade liberalization policies (opening of close-economy to international trade and cuts in price-supports, import-tariffs and exportsubsidies) suggests that most of such policies would yield net social gains to the society, as a whole. The adverse effects and losses in producer surpluses of some of the policies would be balanced out by greater gains in consumer surpluses and vice versa. Losses in producer surpluses due to cuts in price supports and import tariffs are also expected to be partially subsided by reductions in export subsidies mainly granted by the USA and EU; hence, policies need to be enforced, not in isolation, but in a simultaneous fashion. Trade liberalization would help minimize control of individuals on trade, leave less room for individual policy makers, tax collectors and interest groups to exploit situations in their own interest and lead the economy to be run in accordance with the supply and demand forces based on the last lasting general tendency of human nature. This would help to achieve a sustainable and stable agricultural growth; however, more durable sustained growth would depend as how effectively trade liberalization is pursued and enforced the world over. Opening of closed economy for exportables, and withdrawal of export subsidies by foreign exporters would be proproducers and would directly contribute to poverty alleviation. Opening of economy for importables, withdrawal of price supports and tariff-cuts on imports would yield savings to consumers and would positively contribute towards poverty reduction.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Shyamal K. Chowdhury
This paper assesses the impact of access to information on farm household.s factor market participation. The paper tries to answer two questions. First, does use of telephone have any impact on farm household's factor market participation decision? Second, correcting for market participation, does use of telephone have any impact on the type of factor adjustment decision? For the first question, the paper uses a bivariate probit to correct for omitted variable bias and for the second question, the paper uses a two stage probit. Empirical findings of this paper suggest that access to information in the form of use of telephone has significant positive impact on factor market participation. The difference in market participation between telephone users and nonusers is around 14 percent. However, once a household participate in the market, the use of telephone does not have any impact on specific factor market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jan Christensen
Agri-environmental schemes are offered by a regulator to farmers. The farmer is to produce certain environmental goods and gets a pecuniary compensation for doing so. The problem of designing optimal schemes is dealt with using mechanisms design theory. This paper considers the situation where the regulator faces a budget constraint on total payments to farmers. It is shown, that 2 results of standard mechanisms design theory are affected when a budget restriction on total payments is present.
1) The ”no distortion at the top rule“ does not always hold.
2) It is not always optimal to o.er heterogeneous farmers heterogeneous argi-environmental schemes.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-04-2005
Nicos Christofides
Москва: Мир, 1978, 432 с.
В книге достаточно полно представлены различные алгоритмы, связанные с нахождением структурных и числовых характеристик объектов из теории графов. В частности, подробно рассматриваются различные алгоритмы поиска решения в задаче коммивояжера. Кроме того, книга содержит большой фактический материал по исследованию потоков в сетях. Многочисленные примеры иллюстрируют работу конкретных алгоритмов. Приводятся оценки сложности соответствующих процедур. Разнообразная тематика и строгое представление алгоритмов сочетаются с доходчивостью изложения. Книга будет интересна широкому кругу специалистов, сталкивающихся с теорией графов и ее приложениями. Она доступна студентам университетов и втузов соответствующих специальностей.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Richard Clarida, Jordi Gali, Mark Gertler
Authors study the international monetary policy design problem within an optimizing two-country sticky price model, where each country faces a short run tradeoff between output and inflation. The model is sufficiently tractable to solve analytically. Authors find that in the Nash equilibrium, the policy problem for each central bank is isomorphic to the one it would face if it were a closed economy. Gains from cooperation arise, however, that stem from the impact of foreign economic activity on the domestic marginal cost of production. While under Nash central banks need only adjust the interest rate in response to domestic inflation, under cooperation they should respond to foreign inflation as well. In either scenario, flexible exchange rates are desirable.

Опубликовано на портале: 06-11-2007
Gregory Clark
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 440 с.
Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood. Gregory Clark is chair of the economics department at the University of California, Davis. He has written widely about economic history.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
J. Stephen Clark, Kurt K. Klein, William A. Kerr
A new procedure is developed to estimate innovation possibility frontiers and test for biases in technological change. Using data on four inputs (land, machinery, chemicals and labour) from central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) over the period 1926-1985, we find that the innovations possibilities frontier shifts neutrally over time. This is consistent with Ahmad.s model of induced innovations, but is not consistent with de Janvry.s application of Ahmad.s model to the historical development of Argentine agriculture. Agricultural research in Canada has been conducted with the objective of developing cost minimizing technologies. Empirical support was found for this notion in the development of the innovation possibilities frontier.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Jason Clay
USA: Island Press, 2003, 282 с.
Книга затрагивает проблематику взаимоотношения и влияния сельскохозяйственного производства на окружающую среду, а также возникающих экологических проблемах. Даются некоторые советы по повышению эффективности использования природных ресурсов в сельском хозяйстве и путях снижения степени негативного влияния на природные системы. Автор анализирует двадцать основных видов сельскохозяйственного сырья, предоставляя информацию об основных странах производителях и потребителях, видах и способах производства, анализ рыночных цепочек, влияния данного производства на окружающую среду, стратегий управления и применения лучших методов.

Опубликовано на портале: 02-03-2004
Michael P. Clements, David F. Hendry
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2001
In their second book on economic forecasting, Michael Clements and David Hendry ask why some practices seem to work empirically despite a lack of formal support from theory. After reviewing the conventional approach to economic forecasting, they look at the implications for causal modeling, present a taxonomy of forecast errors, and delineate the sources of forecast failure. They show that forecast-period shifts in deterministic factors--interacting with model misspecification, collinearity, and inconsistent estimation--are the dominant source of systematic failure. They then consider various approaches for avoiding systematic forecasting errors, including intercept corrections, differencing, co-breaking, and modeling regime shifts; they emphasize the distinction between equilibrium correction (based on cointegration) and error correction (automatically offsetting past errors). Their results on forecasting have wider implications for the conduct of empirical econometric research, model formulation, the testing of economic hypotheses, and model-based policy analyses.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
Ronald H. Coase
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
Few other economists have been read and cited as often as R.H. Coase has been, even though, as he admits, "most economists have a different way of looking at economic problems and do not share my conception of the nature of our subject." Coase's particular interest has been that part of economic theory that deals with firms, industries, and markets--what is known as price theory or microeconomics. He has always urged his fellow economists to examine the foundations on which their theory exists, and this volume collects some of his classic articles probing those very foundations. "The Nature of the Firm" (1937) introduced the then-revolutionary concept of transaction costs into economic theory. "The Problem of Social Cost" (1960) further developed this concept, emphasizing the effect of the law on the working of the economic system. The remaining papers and new introductory essay clarify and extend Coarse's arguments and address his critics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-10-2004
Ronald H. Coase
Москва: Дело, 1993, 192 с.
Книга написана для того, чтобы побудить экономистов изменить свой подход к микроэкономическим исследованиям. Большая часть книги представляет собой перепечатку уже опубликованных статей Р.Коуза.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007
David Coates
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000, 320 с.
The contemporary debate on economic policy is dominated by the issue of 'which model of capitalism works best'. Which model/models worked best in the past? Which, if any, will work best in the future? This wide-ranging and ambitious study offers the first systematic and multi-disciplinary answer to these key questions. Focusing on the US, UK, Japanese, German and Swedish economies, it documents the degree to which the postwar performance of each was affected by the strength of labour movements, the quality of education and training, the dominance of particular cultural systems, the organization of industry and finance, and the role of the state. In so doing, it effectively challenges prevailing orthodoxies on how capitalist economies function, and demonstrates the inadequacy of existing policy mixes.Wide ranging in its scholarship and radical in its argument, Models of Capitalism brings the story of each leading economy up to the new millennium and into the age of global capital. It explores the impact of globalization on each model in turn, and explains the diminution in labour rights and working conditions which is now evident in all of them. Breaking down the barriers between social science disciplines and written in a style accessible to the general reader, this study is destined to become a major point of reference for those seeking civilized ways of organizing economic activity in the twenty-first century.This book is suitable for second- and third-year undergraduate students and postgraduate scholars in political science, economics, management studies and sociology, including those pursuing courses on political economy, industrial relations and trade unions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-10-2005
Alan Coddington
Перев.: Н.С. Лащенко (ориг.: Русский)
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Tim J. Coelli, Euan Fleming
Durban, 2003
Smallholder farming systems in Papua New Guinea are characterised by an integrated set of cash cropping and subsistence food cropping activities. In the Highlands provinces, the subsistence food crop sub-system is dominated by sweet potato production. Coffee dominates the cash cropping sub-system, but a limited number of food crops are also grown for cash sale. The dynamics between sub-systems can influence the scope for complementarity between, and technical efficiency of, their operations, especially in light of the seasonality of demand for household labour and management inputs within the farming system. A crucial element of these dynamic processes is diversification into commercial agricultural production, which can influence factor productivity and the efficiency of crop production where smallholders maintain a strong production base in subsistence foods.

Data are used on coffee and food crop production for 18 households in the Benabena district of Eastern Highlands Province to derive technical efficiency indices for each household over two years. A stochastic input distance function approach is used to establish whether diversification economies exist and whether specialisation in coffee, subsistence food or cash food production significantly influences technical efficiency on the sampled smallholdings.

Diversification economies are weakly evident between subsistence food production and both coffee and cash food production, but diseconomies of diversification are discerned between coffee and cash food production. A number of factors are tested for their effects on technical efficiency. Significant technical efficiency gains are made from diversification among broad cropping activities.
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