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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 95

Авторы:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K LM N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
Trust, Ethnicity and Identity deals with the economic role of laws and institutions in achieving social order in a decentralized economy. Specifically, this book considers the coordinating role of three major nonprice institutions - ethnic trading networks, contract law, and gift-exchange - in economizing on transaction costs and thus facilitating the process of exchange in decentralized economies in different historical contexts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Comparative Political Economy is a student's introduction to the comparative analysis of nations, public policy and economic affluence. It surveys the dominant theoretical approaches and describes the countries: developed Western countries, rapidly changing East European nations, and states in the Third World. Economic, social, and political developments are analysed at length and the basis concepts - democracy versus authoritarian systems and capitalist systems versus socialist ones - are employed to illuminate similarities and differences between politico-economic systems in the world. It explores the conditions for political democracy as well as the conditions for economic growth, applying quantitative techniques to crucial problems in political economy cocerning the interaction between politics and economics.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Jussi Lankoski, Markku Ollikainen
2002
We study the multifunctional character of agriculture in a model of endogenous input use and land allocation augmented by biodiversity, landscape amenity, and nutrient runoff. While biodiversity and landscape amenities represent the public good aspects of agriculture, nutrient runoff represents its negative externalities. We show that the private use of fertilizer input is higher and the size of buffer strips lower than the socially optimal solution requires. Also the socially optimal land allocation differs from the private solution due to the valuation of landscape diversity and runoff damages. The optimal policy is to use a differentiated fertilizer tax and a differentiated buffer strip subsidy and to determine their levels by the equality between the net value of their marginal product in food production and their effects on the marginal valuation of diversity and runoff damage in each parcel. We characterize empirically socially optimal multifunctional agriculture and the optimal design of the policy instruments by using Finnish data.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Alfons Oude Lansink, Kyosti Pietola
2002
This paper applies a semi-parametric approach to estimating a generalised model of investments in energy installations. The model accounts for irreversibility and lumpiness of investments by linking a parametric specification of the unobservable dynamic shadow price to observed investment behaviour using a non-parametric specification of the adjustment cost function. The results suggest that marginal costs of investments in energy installations increase quickly at small investment levels, whereas the increase slows down at higher investment levels. Therefore, standard parametric adjustment cost models are likely biased such that they over-estimate small investments and under-estimate large investments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Ma Lucila A. Lapar, Garth Holloway, Simeon K. Ehui
2003
Identifying ways to increase market participation by smallholder producers requires identifying variables that influence market access. This is usually achieved using probit estimation. An important phenomenon affecting entry decision-making is the entry decision of a "similar" household, where similarity is measured in terms of "location". When neighborhood influences are significant, it is important to allow for them in discrete decision contexts, such as probit estimation. This paper, therefore, assesses the magnitude of neighborhood influences in smallholder decisions concerning market entry. The empirical model is based on a cross-section of (110) farms situated in northern Philippines, visited (twice) in the 2000-2001 production year (a panel of 220 observations). The vehicle for analysis is a Bayesian formulation of a standard probit model, but one that allows for spatial autoregression in the decision vector. Estimation requires a Metropolis- step addition to a basic Gibbs sampling algorithm and generates useful insights concerning quantities that are important for market-access policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Hanne Larsen, Klaus Grunert, Allan Baadsgaard, Tage Madsen
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002, 300 с.
Книга рассматривает основные проблемы рыночной ориентации продовольственного сектора, а также пути повышения прозрачности и рыночной направленности. Она построена на анализе некоторых продовольственных компаний Дании и их поведении на трёх экспортных рынках – Франции, Германии и Великобритании. Книга состоит из трёх основных частей – концепция рыночной ориентации фирмы и развитие сравнительных преимуществ, получение рыночной информации и знаний, приложение на практике полученных знаний в продовольственной компании в области обновления процессов переработки и создания, усовершенствования продукта.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Lutz Laschewski, Bettina Matzdorf, Christian Schleyer
2004
Current research on the impact of agri-environmental schemes under the Rural Development Regulation (EC) 1257/99 (RDR) stresses the institutional, structural and cultural diversity, but also the wide range of natural conditions that shape the implementation processes. Furthermore, those agri-environmental policy instruments are closely linked to the development and institutionalisation of an European environmental policy in general and to a number of European directives, such as the ‘Habitat’ Directive, in particular. While taking the implementation of Article 16 of the RDR in the German federal state of Brandenburg as an illustrative case, we are aiming at developing a wider understanding of the implementation process and its regional impacts. In particular, we argue that it is necessary to understand the regional agrienvironmental discourse to which regional administrations refer to, the rationale of the administration itself and the mechanisms of decision making at the regional level. Regional administrations follow their own legitimate agendas and do not simply apply given measures, but modify and try to integrate them into wider regional strategies. In the case presented, we show that the regional administration’s foremost concern to link political goals with given budgetary constraints resulted in a reshuffling of funds between schemes funded by different sources. We also show that European regulations are enforcing administrative procedures that do influence the design of agri-environmental schemes in a way that raises doubts about their environmental effectiveness. Finally, we argue, that the presumably sharp distinction between statutory environmental rules versus voluntary agri-environmental schemes is blurred in practice. Instead, they appear to be complementary in nature.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Laure Latruffe, Kelvin Balcombe, Katarzyna Zawalinska, Sophia Moissey Davidova
Durban, 2003
The technical and scale efficiency of Polish farms is analysed, using Data Envelopment Analysis. Efficiency differences are measured according to farm specialisation, in crop or livestock, at two points in time during transition, 1996 and 2000. The statistical variability of efficiency estimates is investigated. The efficiency results are reviewed in the light of confidence intervals provided by bootstrapping and of a summary measure introduced in this study ‘the coefficient of separation’. The inference analysis suggests that farms might be less efficient than revealed by the point estimates alone, and that they might not be clearly different from each other.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Terhi Latvala
2002
The aim of this study is to evaluate both qualitatively and quantitatively the value of new information about and the information systems set for credence characteristics of beef. Economics of information is our theoretical framework. The quantitative approach focuses to measure the ex ante value of credence characteristics, and the method of contingent valuation is applied for this purpose. Results indicate that 59 % of Finnish consumers are willing to pay more to get information about safety and quality of beef products. Consumers are most concerned with diseases caused by food of animal origin. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are not considered as the most hazardous risk factor in food products. However, if the beef products contain GMOs used in animals, then consumers also start requiring additional information.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ludwig H. Lauwers, Guido Van Huylenbroeck
Durban, 2003
A new method for analysing environmental efficiency, based on the materials balance, is proposed. With this method, an environmental allocative efficiency measure can be defined analogously to the more commonly used economic allocative efficiency. Nutrient surplus in pig fattening, a typical balance indicator, is used to illustrate the concept in a two input - one output case. The materials balance based efficiency analysis is elaborated using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Results are compared with those of more common, merely input or output oriented DEA approaches. A main conclusion is that, ignoring the balance feature of environmental issues such as nutrient surplus might be a main reason why traditional integral analyses of economic and environmental efficiency yield contradictory conclusions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Marjorie Le Bars, Jean-Marie Attonaty, Suzanne Pinson
2002
Water sharing has become a serious problem in France. One of the objectives of 1992 and 2000 directives proposed by the European Union was to reduce both the frequency and the extent of water conflicts through the establishment of multilateral negotiations, where different public and private interests can be represented in a structured institutional environment. In France, many negotiations take place at local level between farmers, water suppliers, public services and environmentalists to allocate water resources between users. We suggest that Agent–Based Modelling (ABM) using a multi-agent approach could help negotiations between different players by showing the consequences of water allocation rules and taking in consideration the players’ respective attitudes and their ability to change their behaviour.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Tristan Le Cotty, Tancrede Voituriez
2003
When public goods are joint outputs of agricultural production, there is a trade-off between agricultural and non-agricultural provision of the public good. The principle of minimal price distortion in the reform of agricultural policies has led to a theoretical recommendation that public goods, if under-provided at agricultural free market level, should be promoted through non agricultural policies instead of agricultural policies. We show that the economies of scope between the agricultural production and the joint public good play a key role in determining the optimal way of providing this latter. If the policy designed is a non- agricultural policy, the production cost of the public good is higher than with an agricultural policy. If the policy designed is an agricultural policy, the production cost is lower but generates market effects. Under the assumption of strictly positive economies of scope, we show that the optimal policy is a mix of agricultural and non-agricultural policy. We confirm this result in the two-country case, demonstrating the optimal level of agricultural support for public good provision is strictly positive and lower than in the case of one country.
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Опубликовано на портале: 09-10-2003
Учебник написан известными американскими учеными - специалистами в области финансов. Основная задача - объяснение взаимосвязи теории и практики принятия финансовых решений на конкретных примерах. Книга охватывает широкий круг проблем и вопросов: управление финансами, стоимость, планирование и риск инвестиций, структура и стоимость капитала,вопросы финансового планирования, слияние и разделение компаний, пенсионные схемы и международные финансовые рынки. Учебник предназначен для студентов экономических вузов и факультетов, слушателей программ МВА, финансовых менеджеров и специалистов в области финансового планирования и управления.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-08-2004
Cheng F. Lee, Joseph E. Finnerty
Москва: Инфра-М, 2000, cерия "Университетский учебник", 686 с.
Учебник написан известными американскими учеными - специалистами в области финансов. Главной целью книги является объяснение взаимосвязи теории и практики принятия финансовых решений на конкретных примерах. В первой части книги освещаются проблемы управления финансами; во второй и третьей - стоимость, планирование и риск инвестиций; в четвертой и пятой - структура и стоимость капитала; в шестой и седьмой - вопросы финансового планирования. Восьмая часть посвящена слиянию и разделению компаний, пенсионным схемам и международным финансовым рынкам.

Книга предназначена для студентов экономических вузов и факультетов, слушателей программ МВА, финансовых менеджеров и специалистов в области финансового планирования и управления
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Warren Lee, Michael Boehlje, Will Murray, Aaron Nelson
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1988, 480 с.
Explains the principles of agricultural finance, financial management of a farm business, and financial markets and agricultural credit institution.

Учебник по финансам в сельском хозяйстве. Рассматриваются принципы сельскохозяйственных финансов, финансовый менеджмент сельскохозяйственным предприятием, финансовые рынки и институт сельскохозяйственного кредита.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию