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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 88

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Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Frederick Nixson, David Colman
New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994, 469 с.
The comprehensive range of topics includes: the concept and measurement of development; economic theory and development; economic quality and development; human resource development; international trade; foreign exchange flows and indebtedness; agricultural transformation and development; industrial development; the transnational corporation; the transformation of technology; inflation; stabilization and the IMF. A classic book modernized for contemporary study.

Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Malcolm Gillis, Dwight H. Perkins, Steven Radelet, Michael Roemer, Donald R. Snodgrass
New York: W.W. Norton, 2001, 60 с.
Adopted at more than 400 colleges and universities worldwide, «Economics of Development» remains the standard of excellence in its market. That tradition continues with this Fifth Edition in which the all-star team of authors, including newcomer Steven Radelet, introduce a number of important improvements to the book's scope and coverage. Like previous editions, this one benefits from the wide-ranging expertise of its authors, both as researchers and field practitioners, and its approach remains steadfastly pragmatic and authoritative. Now more than ever before, «Economics of Development» is the book to count on in your development course.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: Mark Blaug
Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1968, 442 с.
В сборник, под редакцией известного специалиста в области экономики образования - Марка Блауга, вошли статьи ведущих экономистов по проблематике экономики образования. В 1 томе обсуждается концепция человеческого капитала, подход “затраты-выгоды” (соst-benefit analysis) к анализу затрат на образование, планирование в области образования. Во 2 томе приводятся статьи по международной копративистике в области планирования расходов на образование в развивающихся странах, обсуждаются соответствующие математические модели. Также в этом сборнике размещено несколько статей по проблеме международной миграции человеческого капитала, о продуктивности и эффективности образования. Отдельное внимание уделяется вопросам финансирования, а именно: принципам финансирования образования в развивающихся странах, образовательным ваучерам. Приводится список рекомендуемых статей по каждой теме.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
David Pearce, Kerry Turner
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990, 392 с.
Учебник начального уровня по экономике использования природных ресурсов и окружающей среды. Раскрываются основные понятия, модели, проблематика.

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
W. Kip Viscusi, John M. Vernon, Joseph E. Harrington
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2000, 896 с.
Departing from the traditional emphasis on institutions, this text emphasizes the use of economic theory and empirical analysis to understand regulatory and antitrust policies. Questions addressed include: What are the market failure rationales for, and appropriate form of, government intervention? What does theory show about competition in the presence of a market failure and the implications of government intervention to correct that failure? What do empirical analyses indicate about our regulatory experience and the direction of future intervention?

The third edition addresses many issues that have recently dominated the economic and political landscape. New material reviews the government's case against Microsoft, charges of anticompetitive pricing in NASDAQ and airlines, the blocked Staples-Office Depot merger, and the Telecommunications Act of 1996. This edition also covers the deregulation of the California electric power industry as well as recent deregulatory efforts in bank branching and natural gas transmission. On the social regulatory scene, it covers in detail recent cigarette litigation and the contentious issue of the contingent valuation of natural resource damages, as exemplified in the Exxon Valdez oil spill. New empirical evidence appears throughout the book.

Each part of the text can be used separately for a variety of courses including regulation and antitrust in undergraduate institutions, business schools, and schools of public policy, as well as background for doctoral courses. Exercises are included at the end of each chapter.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 14-10-2003
This comprehensive book applies modern economic principles to study a firm's strategic position. The book integrates insights from the theory of the firm, industrial organization and strategy research while building upon a strong theoretical and empirical foundation familiar to academics working in economics and strategy. The broad sweep of modern economics and strategy research is organized and presented in an appealing format. Many topics dovetail with important current research agendas. In this edition, the authors have completely reworked their discussions of a number of difficult topics, such as "make or buy fallacies", competitor identification, commitment, and strategic positioning. They also introduce a "make or buy issue tree" and an "industry analysis checklist" that readers should find very useful when assessing make or buy decisions and performing five forces analyses.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Paul R. Milgrom, John Donald Roberts
Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1992
A systematic treatment of the economics of the modern firm, this book draws on the insights of a variety of areas in modern economics and other disciplines, but presents a coherent, consistent, innovative treatment of the central problems in organizations of motivating people and coordinating their activities.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2004
Robert E. Hall, Marc Lieberman
Mason, OH: Souht-Western Thomson Learning, 2002
Departing from the encyclopedic nature of most Principles texts, which encourages students to simply memorize concepts and see economics as a collection of unrelated terms, formulas, graphs, and theories, this text provides students with a picture of economics as a unified discipline; a set of interrelated tools and ideas that can be used to look at the world in a different way. This book's concise, less is more approach has been carefully crafted in terms of both content and supporting pedagogy to keep students focused on learning and applying the central ideas used in economic analysis. It uniquely employs a simple methodology throughout to emulate how economists look at problems, and teaches students how to use this same analytical process in developing their own economic analysis skills. Hall/Lieberman's careful focus on core theoretical ideas as well as systematically applying the theoretical tools to interesting real-world questions conveys the message that economics is an integrated, powerful body of knowledge that can be used to address important issues.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Milton Hallberg
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2000, 190 с.
Автор раскрывает основные особенности и специфику развития сельского хозяйства США после Второй мировой войны. Исследование показывает изменения в размере и количестве ферм, в доходах фермеров и их семей, полученных ценах, колебаниях цен на продукцию фермеров и их причинах.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Edwin G. West
USA: Liberty Fund, 1994, "3rd ed.", 364 с.
Originally published in 1965, the questions raised in this book concerning state-run education have grown immeasurably in urgency and intensity.

The book re-examines the role of government in education, and challenges the fundamental statist assumption that the state is best able to provide an education for the general population. The author explores the views on education on the 19th-century British reformers and classical economists, who argued the necessity of state education. West demonstrates that by the Foster Act of 1870 the state system of education was superimposed over successful private efforts, thereby suppressing an emerging and increasingly robust structure of private, voluntary and competitive education funded by families, churches and philanthropies. This new and expanded edition addresses the American situation in education, applying the lessons learned from the study of British institutions. It also broadens their application from education to the conduct of democracy as a political system.

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Bahaeddin Najafi, Mohammad Bakhshoodeh
To evaluate the government intervention effects on growth of rice production in Iran, the nominal protective rate was calculated and a Nerlove supply model was applied to a time series of 1983- 1998. The results showed that in the majority of these years, producers has not been supported and therefore, redirecting the rice market is recommended. In order to get more efficient approach than the government intervention, diminishing the share of the government in the market and strengthening the private sector may be listed on the top of a list that could be regarded as a plan for making rice production profitable.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Laszlo Karpati, Zsolt Csapo, Laszlo Kozar
The change of the political Hungarian regime in 1990 affected deeply the economy of the country. This change made effects in each national branch, thus in the agriculture, as well. A lot of new companies dealing with agricultural production and trading has also been established in these years. Since the early ‘90s a lot of EU support programmes were available targeting these enterprises and providing them to strengthen their competitiveness. One of these programmes was the PHARE IPP Project for the subsidisation of the agricultural investments (between 1996-1998). The University of Debrecen was involved in the implementation, monitoring and assessment process of this project. Based on the results and suggestions of the university, new supporting elements have been built into the subsidisation programme of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in the recent years, further enhancing the position of Hungarian farms before joining to the EU.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Helming, Jack Peerlings
Durban, 2003
A modelling system is presented and used to analyse the effects of EU dairy policy reform (Agenda 2000 and milk quota abolition with and without decoupled direct income payments) on Dutch agriculture and economy. The modelling system consists of a regionalised, agri-environmental, partial equilibrium, mathematical programming model of agriculture supply in the Netherlands integrated into a mixed input- output model. It was e.g. found that decoupling of direct income payments gives an extra stimulus to milk production after milk quota abolition. However, the increase in milk production is restricted by nutrient and manure policies in the Netherlands. It is also found that, although the total effect on Dutch GDP is limited, the income effects for individual industries can be large. Moreover, economy wide effects for non- agricultural industries exceed changes for agriculture.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Rafaela Dios Palomares, Jose Miguel Martinez Paz
Zaragoza, 2002
This study investigated the efficiency and productivity change of a sample of food distribution units (MERCAs) in Spain over the 1.997-1.999 period, applying non-parametric frontier methodology in a sales efficiency framework. We specified a mean sales model composed of two blocks of variables, the production block, and the marketing management block. Then we applied output oriented DEA methodology to perform the efficiency analysis, also taking into account the overall efficiency decomposition into pure and scale efficiency. The Malmquist index was calculated in order to analyse the components of the productivity change.

The mean pure sales efficiency index was high, around 0.8, the mean scale index being 0,9. As appears from the results, six food distribution units were efficient, but some of the wholesale markets need to adapt their sales technology in order that their input bundle reaches a Most Productive Scale Size unit.

We found no evidence of technical change during the period considered, but concluded that a notable scale efficiency change took place during the studied period.

To summarise, we conclude that improvement in sales efficiency could be reached in the studied sector in both the pure and the scale efficiency.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Cristina Brasili
In the course of the past decades major transformations in the Italian food industry induced considerable structural changes: on one hand, the creation of large industrial groups, with substantial input of foreign capital and, on the other, the concentration and geographic specialisation of numerous small and medium enterprises, with the formation of specific and typical agri-food local system(districts).To take account of the presence of food districts the analysis of the Italian food industry could not be conducted at national and regional level but it has to be studied at province and local level. It is also useful to analyse the food industry with reference to the different sub-sectors.

We will conduct an in-depth analysis of the local systems(districts) of two sectors meat and fruit and vegetables processing. We will use balance-sheet data of the processing firms that were active in the meat (446 firms) and fruit and vegetables (227 firms) sub-sector in the years from 1996 to 1999. The analysis will consider the most significant balance sheet ratios, such as returns, productivity and labour cost in these local systems. Then, we will consider the economic assessment of the firms belonging to local systems of the two sectors and compare with the non district firms .For the efficiency analysis will estimate a stochastic frontier production function in order to determine the ‘district effect’. This analysis will also be directly correlated with investment in technological innovation. The economic and efficiency analysis confirms for many aspects the presence of a ‘district effect’ in the Italian food industry.
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