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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 61

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E FG H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 11-08-2004
Our two related goals in this paper are the following: Firstly and mainly, we want to examine the effects of major changes in modelling strategy and econometric methodology, over the past twenty years, on estimation of firm-level investment equations using panel data. Secondly, we try to assess whether the differences in the estimated investment equations, as between recent years and ten to twenty years go in the French and U.S. Manufacturing industries, are real' and economically meaningful. Thus our paper consists of a series of comparisons: a simple accelerator-profit specification versus one with error correction, traditional between- and within-firm estimation versus GMM estimation, the investment behavior of French firms versus that of U.S. firms, and investment behavior in recent years versus ten to twenty years ago. Although the important econometric advances of the past twenty years have been far from being as successful as we had hoped for, we do find some significant improvement in the specification, estimation and interpretation of firm investment equations; we also fin some real changes in the investment behavior of French and U.S. firms during these twenty years.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-01-2003
Oliver Hart
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995
This work uses recent developments in the theory of incomplete contracts to analyze a range of topics in organization theory and corporate finance. Beginning with a general model of the firm, Hart analyzes in greater depth the financial structure of firms, debt collecting and bankruptcy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
The essays on contract theory offer new results centering around the theory of the firm. Issues of ownership, integration, delegation, and finance are analyzed. Further, topics of medical care, the economics of crime, the environment, and international trade are treated from a contracting perspective. The authors are leading young economists who have worked at the "International Summer School on the New Institutional Economics".
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-09-2003
Glenn Carroll, David J. Teece
New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
This book examines transaction cost economics, the influential theoretical perspective on organizations and industry that was the subject of Oliver Williamson's seminal book,Markets and Hierarchies (1975). Written by leading economists, sociologists, and political scientists, the essays collected here reflect the fruitful intellectual exchange that is occurring across the major social science disciplines. They examine transaction cost economics' general conceptual orientation, its specific theoretical propositions, its applications to policy, and its use in systematic empirical research. The chapters include classic texts, broad review essays, reflective commentaries, and several new contributions to a wide range of topics, including organizations, regulations and law, institutions, strategic management, game theory, entrepreneurship, innovation, finance, and technical information.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Harold Halcrow, Robert Spitze, Joyce Allen-Smith
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994, 448 с.
Учебник об экономических и политических аспектах политики государства в агропромышленном комплексе. Предназначен для студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате и/или первого года обучения магистратуры. Рассматривается такие темы как экономика и сельское хозяйство, политология и сельское хозяйство, проблемы общественного выбора и политика в области сельского хозяйства сегодня.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: David W. Marshall
USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995, 344 с.
В книге «Выбор продовольствия потребителем» представлен весь спектр действий в принятии решений потребителем при определении повседневного рациона питания.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ред.: Robert Raunikar, Chung-Liang Huang
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1987, 302 с.
Gathers the work of 28 expert economists to explain economic theory and analytical methods and sources applicable to food demand and consumption behavior.

Книга представляет собой сборник научных работ по микроэкономическому анализу спроса на продовольствие и поведения потребителей. Под редакцией Р.Рауникар, Чун-Лиан Хуан.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Kim Martin Lind
2002
This working paper examines the food security policy, where food security means ensuring an adequate supply of food for hungry people. In particular, the recommendations of FAO are being used as a measuring rod against which food security policies are assessed. By means of FAO’s database a statistical analysis of all Sub-Saharan Africa countries with respect to measuring the incidence and severity of critical food shortages are carried out. Stock policies seem to have been the answer when issues of ensuring adequate supplies have surfaced. In the paper, an estimate of the costs of keeping stocks is provided, and the costs are quite staggering. Based on the statistical analysis an estimate of the number and volume of acute food shortages per year in Sub-Saharan Africa is achieved. Upon this number a much cheaper alternative to keeping stocks for security purposes is proposed. It is proposed that a financial fund is set up with the sole purpose of purchasing grains on the open market when acute food shortages occur. In order for the fund to achieve its goals it must be completely independent of politics, and the financing and replenishing of the fund must be automatic. The advantages are that a lot of costs are saved which could be used to improve food security policies in developing countries. Furthermore, the supply of food aid is done via a global fund, and is not the result of political considerations in donor (big exporting) countries. The reservations voiced by some developing countries that further liberalisations in agricultural policies in the WTO round of negotiations could jeopardise food security is answered by this fund. Liberalisations of agricultural policies may lead to lower food stocks in the big exporting countries, but the proposed financial fund does not rely on such stocks. It is found that the purchases the fund would have to conduct only comprise a small fraction of the world trade in cereals.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Sinne Smed, Jorgen Dejgaard Jensen
2002
This paper examines the cross-impacts of food safety news concerning one product on the demand for another product, using the Danish demand for pasteurized eggs versus shell eggs as an illustrative case. The study identifies news with a temporary impact and news with a permanent impact on consumers’ food demand behavior. The techniques used to identify the permanent versus temporary news are recursive estimation and parameter stability. Whereas “permanent” news is identified to be represented by a specific individual event, “temporary” news concerning salmonella in eggs is aggregated into a news-index variable. Both temporary and permanent news concerning salmonella in shell eggs appear to have significant positive impacts on the demand for pasteurized eggs. The model is estimated as an Error Correction Model. Consumers are found to adjust quite rapidly to both temporary and permanent news. Both the composition of egg consumption accounted as mean budget shares varies across socio-demographic household groups as well as the impact of the considered permanent news.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Peter Berck, David Bigman
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, 400 с.
Сборник работ по теме продовольственной безопасности в развивающихся странах. Рассматриваются проблемы недоедания, бедности, состояния предложения и спроса на продовольствие, политика государств и проведение альтернативные политических мер на микро- и макро- уровнях.

Опубликовано на портале: 12-09-2003
The Third Edition of FORECASTING AND TIME SERIES illustrates the importance of forecasting and the various statistical techniques that can be used to produce forecasts. Bruce L. Bowerman and Richard T. O'Connell clearly demonstrate the necessity of using forecasts to make intelligent decisions in marketing, finance, personnel management, production scheduling, process control, and strategic management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-03-2004
Michael P. Clements, David F. Hendry
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2001
In their second book on economic forecasting, Michael Clements and David Hendry ask why some practices seem to work empirically despite a lack of formal support from theory. After reviewing the conventional approach to economic forecasting, they look at the implications for causal modeling, present a taxonomy of forecast errors, and delineate the sources of forecast failure. They show that forecast-period shifts in deterministic factors--interacting with model misspecification, collinearity, and inconsistent estimation--are the dominant source of systematic failure. They then consider various approaches for avoiding systematic forecasting errors, including intercept corrections, differencing, co-breaking, and modeling regime shifts; they emphasize the distinction between equilibrium correction (based on cointegration) and error correction (automatically offsetting past errors). Their results on forecasting have wider implications for the conduct of empirical econometric research, model formulation, the testing of economic hypotheses, and model-based policy analyses.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 23-07-2004
In this book, Andrew Harvey sets out to provide a unified and comprehensive theory of structural time series models. Unlike the traditional ARIMA models, structural time series models consist explicitly of unobserved components, such as trends and seasonals, which have a direct interpretation. As a result the model selection methodology associated with structural models is much closer to econometric methodology. The link with econometrics is made even closer by the natural way in which the models can be extended to include explanatory variables and to cope with multivariate time series. From the technical point of view, state space models and the Kalman filter play a key role in the statistical treatment of structural time series models. The book includes a detailed treatment of the Kalman filter. This technique was originally developed in control engineering, but is becoming increasingly important in fields such as economics and operations research. This book is concerned primarily with modelling economic and social time series, and with addressing the special problems which the treatment of such series poses. The properties of the models and the methodological techniques used to select them are illustrated with various applications. These range from the modellling of trends and cycles in US macroeconomic time series to to an evaluation of the effects of seat belt legislation in the UK.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004

Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1998, cерия "Доклады CSTB", 228 с.
Отчет Совета по информатике и телекоммуникациям (Computer Science and Telecommunications Board - CSTB), опубликованный в сентябре 1998 года. Отчет содержит большой объем сведений для изучения широкого спектра вопросов использования Интернета и информационных технологий, а также их влияния на различные аспекты человеческой деятельности. Отчет может рассматриваться как руководство по направлениям электронной коммерции, оцифровке сведений и цифровому представлению различных видов информации.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Maurice Obstfeld, Kenneth S. Rogoff
Boston: MIT Press, 2002
Foundations of International Macroeconomics provides the first integrative modern treatment of the core issues in international macroeconomics and finance. It can be used as a text for first-year graduate macroeconomics or for second-year graduate international finance.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)