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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 110

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 01-09-2003
Douglass C. North
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
An analytical framework for explaining the ways in which institutions and institutional change affect the performance of economies is developed in this analysis of economic structures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Louis H.G. Slangen, Cornelis G. van Kooten, Pavel Suchanek
2002
The agricultural sector in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is confronted by two huge problems simultaneously: transition processes and sustainability. Institutions are very important for both these problems. The purpose of this paper is to make clear that the institutional setting is very important, and to give insight into the initial situation of institutions for sustainability and transitions. For this purpose we carried out surveys in CEE with questions about government performance, institutional environment, government structures and social capital. There is strong relationship between the determinants of good government performance in general and those for good government for realizing sustainable agriculture. However, besides formal rules, the informal rules of the institutional environment and social capital are also very important for realizing of sustainable agriculture. Results of surveys show that these institutional elements and the level of social capital are different in the countries of CEE, and have to be developed. Knowledge of government performance, institutional environment and social capital is a necessary condition for developing more suitable governance structures for realizing sustainable agriculture.
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Опубликовано на портале: 27-10-2003
Why are some nations wealthy while others are desperately poor? Despite the rapid advancement of technology and the free flow of information provided by computers, many poor nations are falling further behind the wealthy nations of the world. Why is it that these poorer nations cannot catch up? Until recently, economic theory provided limited help in answering these questions. But the New Institutional Economics, a rapidly growing body of economic theory, may provide the answers. Timothy Yeager's Institutions, Transition Economies, and Economic Development clearly explains the New Institutional Economics, and applies its tenets to the transition economies of Poland and Russia. Readers will gain a perspective on transition and developing economies that has never been explored before in a single book.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Patricia Mejias, Consuelo Varela-Ortega, Guillermo Flichman
2003
The interactions of water policies and agricultural policies are increasingly determinant for achieving an efficient management of water resources in many countries. In the EU, agricultural and environmental policies are seeking to converge progressively towards mutually compatible objectives and, in this context, the recently reformed Common agricultural Policy (Agenda 2000) and the EU Water Framework Directive constitute the policy framework in which irrigated agriculture and hence water use will evolve. In fact, one of the measures of the European Water Directive is to establish a water pricing policy for improving water use and attaining a more efficient water allocation. The aim of this research is to investigate the irrigators. responses to these changing policy developments in a self-managed irrigation district in Southern Spain. For this purpose, we have developed a stochastic programming model that estimates the farmers. responses to the application of water pricing policies in different agricultural policies scenarios when water availability is subject to varying climate conditions and water storage capacity in the district.s reservoir. Results show that irrigators are price-responsive but a similar water-pricing policy could have distinct effects on water use, farmers. income and collected revenue by the water authority in different agricultural policy options. Water availability is a determinant factor and pricing policies are less effective for reducing water consumption in drought years. Thus, there is a need to integrate the objectives of Water Policies within the objectives of the CAP programs to avoid distortion effects and to seek a synergy between these two policies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Lisa Mancino, Brian Dietz
2002
The purpose of this paper will be to develop and present a new approach for examining the demand for meat by incorporating many of the advances in behavioral economics. By providing a closer approximation to how consumers actually behave, doing so should improve upon existing models. Incorporating findings from behavioral studies will also provide a richer theoretical basis to correct for the longstanding problem of endogeniety in cross-sectional studies. The theoretical model in this study begins with the Becker household production model, where individuals are assumed to maximize utility, subject to their production functions, budget constraint and time constraint. To develop a model that more accurately depicts how individual’s make their food choices, this model additionally assumes that individuals 1) use household time to create food, health and relaxation; 2) make their food and nutrient consumption choices on a per-meal basis; 3) are affected by the prospect of immediate gratification, convenience and time delay, and 4) are more affected by these factors as their hunger increases.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Thomas Glauben, Hendrik Tietje, Christoph Weiss
2002
This study examines family farms and characteristics affecting farm succession. Based on a farm survey, three aspects of succession are analysed in the paper: the probability of family succession; the likelihood of having a successor designated; and the timing of succession. Large and specialised farms are more likely to be transferred within the family and to have appointed a successor. The number of family members, as well as the experience of farm operator, is also significantly related to the succession behaviour. The probabilities of succession, and of having a successor, first increase with age and then decline again. Furthermore, timing of succession is delayed as the farm holder ages, suggesting most farm operators’ succession plans to be inconsistent over time. In addition, we find a significant interrelationship between the different aspects of succession indicating that decisions on family succession, the designation of a successor, as well as the timing of succession, are not separable.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Jun Furuya, Takeshi Sakurai
2003
Most of the large-scale millers in Ghana provide a loan to the farmers under the agreement that the farmers will bring their paddy to them.

This paper examines the effect of this interlinkage on the efficiency of rice milling. A quadratic cost function was estimated, and capacity utilization was calculated in relation to money lending. The results show that if the millers provide a loan to the farmers, the operating rate will increase by 24%.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
T. S. Jayne, Takashi Yamano, James Nyoro
2003
This paper addresses the potential for interlinked credit/input/output marketing arrangements for particular cash crops to promote food crop intensification. Using panel survey data from Kenya, we estimate a household fixed-effects model of fertilizer use per hectare of food crops, using an instrumental variables approach for addressing the endogeneity of participation in interlinked credit arrangements. Results indicate that households engaging in interlinked marketing programs for selected cash crops applied considerably greater fertilizer on other crops (primarily cereals) not directly purchased by the cash crop trading firm. These findings suggest that, in addition to the direct stimulus that interlinked cash crop marketing arrangements can have on small farmer incomes, these institutional arrangements may provide spillover benefits for the productivity of the farmers. other activities such as food cropping.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: Carl Eicher, John Staatz
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998, 625 с.
Книга представляет собой сборник статей, написанных по проблематике международного сельскохозяйственного развития. В сборник вошли работы таких известных экономистов, как В.Руттан, Й.Хайями, Д.Стиглиц, А.МакКалла, Д.Меллор, Д.Норт, П.Тиммер, Р.Дорнбуш, А Сен и др. Основные разделы : вызов (работы по темам - сельское хозяйство и потребности в продовольствии в будущем, помощь и сельское хозяйство как локомотив роста), исторические и теоретические перспективы (экономическое развитие сектора, модели развития, трансформация), политика (макроэкономика и сельское хозяйство, либерализация торговли сельскохозяйственной продукцией), аграрная трансформация и экономическое развитие сельской местности (институциональные аспекты развития, роль человеческого капитала, использование технологий), уроки из стран с переходной экономикой (примеры из стран Азии, Африки, Латинской Америки).

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Hans van Meijl, Frank van Tongeren
2003
This paper analyses the impact of adopting or rejecting genetically modified GM crops in the EU, taking into account the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). In this paper the productivity impact of GMs differs across crops, as it takes factor biased technology change into account. The transfer of knowledge across countries is modelled as a process of endogenous knowledge spillovers. Analyses with a multi-region applied general equilibrium model shows that the CAP protects farm income and production from not adopting GM crops in the EU but has costs in terms of welfare. The EU will forgo substantial benefits if it banned GM imports.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Thomas Pugel
USA: Irwin, 2003, 800 с.
This classic text has sold well for over 35 years because it covers all the conventional areas of international economics in an easy-to-understand manner. The 12th edition has been thoroughly revised and it continues to be accessible, flexible, and interesting to economics and business majors alike. Like earlier editions, it also places international economics events within an historical framework. The overall treatment continues to be intuitive rather than mathematical and is strongly oriented towards policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Dennis Appleyard, Alfred Field
USA: Irwin, 2000, 778 с.
Appleyard-Field’s International Economics 4e text is a mid-level International Economics textbook that offers a consistent level of analysis and treatment of the two main subdivisions of international economics—international trade theory and policy and international monetary theory and policy. Comprehensive and clear, the text helps students move beyond recognition toward and understanding of current and future international events.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Edward E. Leamer
New York: Worth Publishers, 2001
This book is a Worth Series in Outstanding Contributions that brings together the most widely used articles in economic graduate courses in beautifully design, yet inexpensive volumes. In addition, many authors have updated their work since initial publication.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Philip King
USA: Irwin, 1999, 464 с.
A collection of articles on international economics by leading economists drawn from various scholarly sources (e.g., the Journal of Economic Perspectives, The Brookings Institution, Finance & Development, Federal Reserve Publications, Foreign Affairs). Written by the top economists in the field, all the articles are written at a level appropriate for undergraduates or masters students.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-11-2004
Paul R. Krugman, Maurice Obstfeld
Boston: Addison Wesley Higher Education, 2003
International Economics: Theory and Policy is the best-selling textbook in the field written by two of the world's leading economists, Paul R. Krugman of Princeton University and Maurice Obstfeld of the University of California, Berkeley. The Sixth Edition provides an up-to-date and understandable analytical framework for illuminating current events and new research findings in the dynamic field of international economics. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect the changes of today's global economic landscape, including the unprecedented expansion of globalization, the increasingly crucial nature of international economic relations, the gains from trade, and recent anti-globalization controversies such as the continuing debate over the optimal level of trade. Consistent with previous editions, the authors also present an integrated treatment of the Ricardian model, specific factors, factor endowments, and imperfect competition models of trade, along with in-depth analysis of empirical evidence. They cover the effects and causes of trade policy and the income-distribution effects of trade, and also provide a unified model of open-economy macroeconomics, based on an asset-market approach to exchange rate determination with a central role for expectations.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)