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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 147

Авторы:
все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A BC D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш ЩЭ Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Julian Binfield, Gary Adams, Robert Young, Patrick Westhoff
Zaragoza, 2002
Most of the large scale modeling systems used in the analysis of agricultural policies produce deterministic projections. In reality, however, the agricultural sector is subject to a high degree of uncertainty as a result of fluctuations in exogenous factors such as the weather or macroeconomic variation. A stochastic approach can provide additional information to policy makers regarding the implications of this uncertainty, through the use of stochastically generated projections.

This paper also shows how deterministic analysis may result in systematic errors in the projection of some variables. As an applied example, the FAPRI model of the US agricultural sector is simulated stochastically to analyse the impact of proposals for the new US farm bill.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Julian Binfield, Patrick Westhoff, Robert Young
Durban, 2003
In the Mid-Term Review (MTR), the European Commission proposed a series of changes to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). An important part of these changes was significant decoupling of support payments from production. In this paper, a partial equilibrium model of the EU agricultural sector is used to estimate the potential impacts of the MTR proposals on EU and world agricultural markets over the period 2004-2009. Effects of the MTR proposals are evaluated by comparing estimated outcomes under the proposals to those that would result under a current-policy baseline. The changes that are made in the MTR have the effect of reducing the production of the major commodities by varying amounts based on the importance of payments in production and the degree to which these payments are currently production inducing. For example, total area harvested for nine major crops falls by about 2 percent under the MTR proposals. In the livestock sector, however, where current payments are strongly coupled and form a large part of producers’ income, the reductions in production are projected to be more significant.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Hans Binswanger, Ernst Lutz
Berlin, 2000
Rural growth is necessary for reducing rural poverty. But rural regions cannot generate sustained growth in agricultural demand unless they trade with cities, neighboring countries, and the rest of the world. That is the first problem. The second is that world trade in agricultural and agro-industrial products has grown slower than general trade—and developing countries have not been able to capture as large a share of trade growth in agriculture as in industry. This has constrained agricultural growth and diversification in the developing world.

We argue here that developing countries will have to continue their agricultural policy reforms. But the main focus has to be on the constraints on agricultural trade imposed by developed countries—and on the prospects for reducing them in the current round of WTO negotiations. Export subsidies should be outlawed. Domestic producer subsidies reduced. Access under tariff quotas increased. Tariff escalation on processed agricultural products removed. And the level and the dispersion of bound tariffs on agricultural imports reduced.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Elizabeth Bird, Gordon Bultena, John Gardner
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1995, 300 с.
Сборник работ. Авторы пытаются найти ответы на вопросы - как влияет сельское хозяйство на окружающую среду, семьи фермеров, быт людей в сельской местности, а также какие методы ведения сельского хозяйства являются наиболее приемлемыми для окружающей среды, не нанося ущерба и одновременно, открывая дорогу для появления новых фермеров и оживляя развитие сельской местности.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Regina Birner
2003
Participatory approaches in natural resource management are increasingly being criticized for their tendency to neglect power relations and conflicts of interests. Negotiation approaches have been proposed as a strategy to overcome such shortcomings. The increasing practical relevance of negotiation in natural resource management requires the development of theoretical concepts for analyzing the nature and outcome of such negotiation processes. Using the case of negotiations concerning crop-livestock conflicts in Sri Lanka as an empirical example, this paper applies the concept of political capital in combination with game theoretical modeling for an analysis of negotiation processes in natural resource management. An extended form game is used to examine the incentive structure of the resource users and the political decision-makers involved in the negotiation process. The pay-off of the resource users is measured in economic terms, while the pay-off of the political decision-makers is expressed in terms of political capital. The modeling exercise shows how the incentives of the resource users and the politicians depend on the probability that the public administration enforces a negotiated outcome. The paper discusses potential extensions of the model and concludes that the concept of political capital, in combination with game theoretical modeling, provides a useful tool for the analysis of negotiation approaches in natural resource management.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-06-2006
David M. Bishop, Frank C. Evans
Москва: Альпина Бизнес Букс, 2004, 336 с.
Эта книга концентрируется на практических вопросах оценки бизнеса компаний, относящихся к категории "закрытых" (ООО, ЗАО и т.д.). Простой и доступный язык позволяет понять общие принципы и методы, используемые при оценке бизнеса, необходимой не только для его покупки или продажи, но и в повседневной работе. При изложении алгоритмов оценки приводятся необходимые сведения фундаментального характера. Большое количество примеров, почерпнутых из обширной практики авторов, и подробное рассмотрение деталей дает возможность увидеть, как практически, шаг за шагом, выясняется стоимость предприятия. Эта книга без сомнения станет надежным навигатором-справочником в таком непростом деле, как оценка бизнеса. Книга заинтересует предпринимателей, менеджеров и аналитиков компаний любого размера, а также инвесторов и профессиональных оценщиков.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Markus Bjerre, Jorgen Dejgaard Jensen
2002
The paper deals with problems concerning the current sugar policy within the Common Agricultural Policy, especially the efficiency losses due to the combination of high prices and quota on subsidised sugar production. Based on a simple econometric model, the total economic costs of the current policy setting, compared with an unregulated setting, are estimated to be in the area of 20 per cent of the total sugar production, valued at world market prices. Of these costs, some 10 per cent are due to inefficiency in the crop production, as the opportunity costs of land are not taken into account because the sugar price support within the quota overrules these opportunity costs. However, according to the estimates obtained in the present study, the main economic gains by reducing the internal prices are to be found in terms of reduced consumer costs rather than improved efficiency in land use.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Christian Bjornskov, Kim Martin Lind
2002
In the wake of the November 2001 Ministerial Conference in Doha, the positions of most members of the World Trade Organisation diverge, reflecting a large extent of disagreement within the organisation. This paper attempts to organise these positions and thereby inspire a debate on the possibility of collusion in the coming round of trade negotiations with a particular focus on the options of developing countries. Members’ positions on a range of issues identified as important in the coming round are rated and used as inputs in a correlation analysis and two forms of cluster analyses to identify potential alliances between members with reasonably similar positions. The paper identifies nine clusters of countries that are internally similar. Among these clusters, the positions of most developing countries are most similar to the positions of the so-called Cairns group and the US, whereas the European Union and Norway are significantly isolated and positioned far away from the developing countries. The paper concludes that developing countries have opportunities of forming alliances with specific developed countries in order to promote their trade objectives in the coming round of negotiations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
This book reexamines one of the most provocative and debated models of bureaucratic behavior, as developed by William A. Niskanen in his seminal book, Bureaucracy and Representative Government(1971). His theory has been discussed, tested, and amended by scholars over twenty years. In The Budget-Maximizing Bureaucrat, Niskanen now offers his own reassessment. Thirteen scholars then evaluate the wide array of findings, both qualitative and quantitative, relevant to the various aspects of the model, offering conclusions about the merits and limits of the theory and suggesting alternative explanations of bureaucratic behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Guy Blaise Nkamleu, Jim Gokowski, Harounan Kazianga
Durban, 2003
This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 10 Sub-saharan countries. The relative performance of agricultural sector was gauged using data envelopment analysis. From a panel data set of the 10 countries which included the 28-year period 1972-1999, mathematical programming methods were used to measure Malmquist indexes of total factor productivity. It was found that, during that period, total factor productivity have experienced a negative evolution in sample countries. A decomposition of those measures suggest that, most of the weak performance of factors productivity is attributable more to technological change than technical efficiency change. French-speaking countries better succeeded to raise their productivity than English-speaking countries do. In addition, it have been found that Sahelian countries failed to rise their agricultural productivity compared to forest countries where a positive evolution have been detected.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-06-2006
David Blake
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999
The eagerly awaited second edition of this highly successful book has been greatly expanded from 400 to over 700 pages and contains new material on value at risk, speculative bubbles, volatility effects in financial markets, chaos and neural networks. Financial Market Analysis deals with the composition of financial markets and the analysis and valuation of traded securities. It describes the use of securities both in constructing and managing portfolios and in contributing to portfolio performance. Particular attention is paid to new types of investment product, different portfolio management strategies, speculation, arbitrage and risk management strategies and to financial market failure. Financial Market Analysis is an essential text for all finance-related degree courses at undergraduate, postgraduate, and MBA level. It also provides a useful source of reference for financial institutions and professionals in the financial markets.
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Macroeconomics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Olivier Jean Blanchard
Upper Saddler River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2003
The fundamental goals of this text are to provide an integrated view of macroeconomics, and to make close contact with current macroeconomic events. This Intermediate Macroeconomics text is organized around a set of core chapters followed by three optional extensions. The core covers the short run, medium run and then long run and is then followed by the three extensions: openness, expectations, and pathologies. The book concludes with a section on policy although policy issues are also sprinkled through most chapters. The book is known for its global emphasis and empirical applications. The Third Edition has simplified many of the more difficult topics. Theoretical material is always presented in three ways: in words, in graphs, and with algebra. For courses in Intermediate Macroeconomics or MBA level Macroeconomics for Managers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2005
Olivier Jean Blanchard, Stanley Fisher
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1989
Lectures on Macroeconomics provides the first comprehensive description and evaluation of macroeconomic theory in many years. While the authors' perspective is broad, they clearly state their assessment of what is important and what is not as they present the essence of macroeconomic theory today. The main purpose of Lectures on Macroeconomics is to characterize and explain fluctuations in output, unemployment and movement in prices. The most important fact of modern economic history is persistent long term growth, but as the book makes clear, this growth is far from steady. The authors analyze and explore these fluctuations. Topics include consumption and investment; the Overlapping Generations Model; money; multiple equilibria, bubbles, and stability; the role of nominal rigidities; competitive equilibrium business cycles, nominal rigidities and economic fluctuations, goods, labor and credit markets; and monetary and fiscal policy issues. Each of chapters 2 through 9 discusses models appropriate to the topic. Chapter 10 then draws on the previous chapters, asks which models are the workhorses of macroeconomics, and sets the models out in convenient form. A concluding chapter analyzes the goals of economic policy, monetary policy, fiscal policy, and dynamic inconsistency. Written as a text for graduate students with some background in macroeconomics, statistics, and econometrics, Lectures on Macroeconomics also presents topics in a self contained way that makes it a suitable reference for professional economists. Olivier Jean Blanchard and Stanley Fischer are both Professors of Economics at MIT
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-09-2004
Mark Blaug
Москва, 2004, 416 с.
Книга одного из самых известных в мире историков и методологов экономической науки посвящена исследованию природы экономического объяснения.
Сделав строгий методологический обзор основных разделов современной экономической теории, автор стремится выяснить насколько «научна» экономическая наука, в какой мере она нацелена на объяснение реальных фактов. Ставшая классической, книга профессора Блауга адресована экономистам, в первую очередь преподавателям и студентам экономических вузов, но представляет интерес также для историков и философов науки
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-09-2004
Mark Blaug
Москва: Дело, 1994
Учебник всемирно известного ученого, в котором дается глубокий логический анализ развития экономической мысли от Адама Смита до современных монетаристов. К сожалению, учебник не подходит в качестве первого или единственного пособия по истории экономической мысли, так как не дает полного и последовательного изложения развития науки. Но если общая картина развития известна, то книга дает возможность глубоко и обстоятельно проанализировать наиболее важные проблемы развития экономической мысли.