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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 78

все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
5 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Emilio Galdeano Gomez, Jose Cespedes Lorente, Manuel Rodrigues
This paper analyses the effect of environmental and quality improvement practices on the value added of the fruit and vegetable sector. These practices form part of the incentive-based programmes established by the Common Agricultural Policy. Taking the investment in quality-environmental activities as knowledge capital, we propose a specific analysis that evaluates the effect of the factors of the production function and of the current subsidies over the value added. In general, the share of qualityenvironmental activities in the rise of the product's market value is quite high. The analysis reflects that the expenditure on these activities is still higher than their benefit, and that the current subsidies can hardly be considered encouraging factors for the development of the above-mentioned practices.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eric A. Hanushek, Jeffrey S. Banks, Alberto Alesina, David P. Baron, Randall Calvert, A. John Ferejohn, Edward M. Gramlich, Raymond Riezman, William Riker, Pablo T. Spiller, David L. Weimer, John D. Wilson
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 283 с.
Political economy has been an essential realm of inquiry and has attracted myriad intellectual adherents for much of the period of modern scholarship, although its formal split into the distinct disciplines of political science and economics in the nineteenth century has limited the study of important social issues. This volume calls for a reaffirmation of the importance of the unified study of political economy, and explores the frontiers of the interaction between politics and markets. It brings together intellectual leaders from various areas, drawing on state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical analysis from each of the underlying disciplines. Each chapter, while beginning with a survey of existing work, focuses on profitable lines of inquiry for future developments. Particular attention is devoted to fields of active current development.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2003
Laszlo Karpati, Zsolt Csapo, Laszlo Kozar
The change of the political Hungarian regime in 1990 affected deeply the economy of the country. This change made effects in each national branch, thus in the agriculture, as well. A lot of new companies dealing with agricultural production and trading has also been established in these years. Since the early ‘90s a lot of EU support programmes were available targeting these enterprises and providing them to strengthen their competitiveness. One of these programmes was the PHARE IPP Project for the subsidisation of the agricultural investments (between 1996-1998). The University of Debrecen was involved in the implementation, monitoring and assessment process of this project. Based on the results and suggestions of the university, new supporting elements have been built into the subsidisation programme of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in the recent years, further enhancing the position of Hungarian farms before joining to the EU.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-04-2005
William Richard King, David I. Cleland
Москва: Прогресс, 1982
Факторы хозяйственной жизни – условия сбыта, объем производства, распределение трудовых ресурсов, финансирование – постоянно меняются, и будущие изменения этих факторов должны учитываться в решениях, принимаемых сегодня. Созданию системы методологических инструментов принятия подобных решений и посвящена настоящая книга. Научный анализ проблем иллюстрируется ситуациями из практики различных корпораций.
Книга рекомендуется специалистам высшего и среднего звена управления и планирования, научным работникам, преподавателям соответствующих дисциплин.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
James Libbin, Michael Jones, Lowell Catlett
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1994, 214 с.
Это пособие по анализу финансовых потоков и бюджетированию на сельскохозяйственных предприятиях. Акцент уделяется планированию производственного процесса, планированию в маркетинге, инвестиционному планированию. Может быть использовано как учебник, а также справочник для управленцев сельскохозяйственных предприятий.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Bernard Manin, Adam Przeworski, C. Susan Stokes, A. John Ferejohn, A. James Stimson, Jose Antonio Cheibub, Michael Laver, A. Kenneth Shepsle, John Dunn, D. Delmer Dunn
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999, 361 с.
This book examines whether the mechanisms of accountability characteristic of democratic systems are sufficient to induce the representatives to act in the best interest of the represented. The first part of the volume focuses on the role of elections, distinguishing different ways in which they may cause representation. The second part is devoted to the role of checks and balances, between the government and the parliament as well as between the government and the bureaucracy. The contributors of this volume, all leading scholars in the fields of American and comparative politics and political theory, address questions such as, whether elections induce governments to act in the interest of citizens. Are politicians in democracies accountable to voters in future elections? If so, does accountability induce politicians to represent citizens? Does accountability limit or enhance the scope of action of governments? Are governments that violate campaign mandates representative? Overall, the essays combine theoretical discussions, game-theoretic models, case studies, and statistical analyses, within a shared analytical approach and a standardized terminology. The empirical material is drawn from the well established democracies as well as from new democracies.

Is economic development conducive to political democracy? Does democracy foster or hinder material welfare? These two questions are examined by looking at the experiences of 135 countries between 1950 and 1990. Descriptive information, statistical analyses, and historical narratives are interwoven to gain an understanding of the dynamic of political regimes and their impact on economic development. The often surprising findings dispel any notion of a tradeoff between democracy and development. Economic development does not generate democracies, but democracies are much more likely to survive in wealthy societies.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Gloria Martin Rodriguez, Jose Juan Caceres Hernandez
The European tomato market is characterised by a constant process of dynamic adjustment toward the equilibrium. Furthermore, Canary tomato exports cause a high seasonal impact on market prices in the winter period. In these circumstances, an adequate distribution of shipments throughout the campaign could contribute to maximize producers’ profits. The goal of this paper is to analyse the seasonal pattern of Canary tomato exports to Europe throughout the first fourteen campaigns following Spanish integration into the European Union. These export levels show some degree of instability, clearly related to the changes in the European Union trade rules, and there is a long period, the summer, without exports. Moreover, we have opted by using weekly data. These factors should be taken into account in order to accurately capture the performance of exports and, specifically, the nature of their seasonal behaviour. Thus, this analysis is carried out inside the frame delimited by the structural approach to time series and the usefulness of spline functions as an alternative to standard seasonal variation models is shown.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-07-2005
Frederick Nixson, David Colman
New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994, 469 с.
The comprehensive range of topics includes: the concept and measurement of development; economic theory and development; economic quality and development; human resource development; international trade; foreign exchange flows and indebtedness; agricultural transformation and development; industrial development; the transnational corporation; the transformation of technology; inflation; stabilization and the IMF. A classic book modernized for contemporary study.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2005
Ove Kaj Pedersen, John L. Campbell
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
The last quarter century has been marked by the ascension of neoliberalism--market deregulation, state decentralization, and reduced political intervention in national economies. Not coincidentally, this period of dramatic institutional change has also seen the emergence of several schools of institutional analysis. Though these schools cut across disciplines, they have remained isolated from and critical of each other. This volume brings together four--rational choice, organizational, historical, and discursive institutionalism--to examine the rise of neoliberalism. In doing so, it makes tremendous methodological strides while substantively enlarging our knowledge about neoliberalism. The book comprises original empirical studies by top scholars from each school of analysis. They examine neoliberalism's rise on three continents and explore changes in macroeconomic policy, labor markets, taxation, banking, and health care. Neoliberalism appears as much more complex, diverse, and contested than is often appreciated. The authors find that there is no convergence toward a common set of neoliberal institutions; that neoliberalism does not incapacitate states; and that neoliberal reform does not necessarily yield greater efficiency than other institutional arrangements. Beyond these important empirical contributions, this book is a methodological milestone in that it compares different schools of institutionalist analysis by seeing how they tackle a common problem. It reveals a second movement within institutionalism--one toward rapprochement and cross-fertilization among paradigms--and explains how this might be furthered with benefits throughout the social sciences.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Penson, Oral Capps, Parr Rossen
New York: Prentice-Hall, 2001, 580 с.
Учебник начального уровня по аграрной экономике. Рассматриваются микроэкономические и макроэкономические аспекты рыночных сил, влияющих на процесс принятия решений производителем и потребителем, поведение потребителя, поведение производителей, состояние рыночного равновесия, механизмы государственного вмешательства в АПК, макроэкономика сельского хозяйства, международная торговля сельскохозяйственной продукцией.

Опубликовано на портале: 09-06-2004
Massimilliano Gallina, Hans-Siegfried Grunwaldt, Bruno Massoli, Gualtiero Schirinzi, Hans-Theo Speth, Heinrich Strodtmann, Domenico Ciaccia
Ред.: Utz-Peter Reih, Rudolph Janke
Stuttgart: Mettzler-Poeschel, 1996
Статистика сельского хозяйства известна тем, что она - одна из самых первых и самых точных областей статистики. Предлагаемая книга - третий сборник серии "Статистические очерки" - подтверждает это, несмотря на достаточно жёсткие рамки каждой статьи. Кроме того, рецензируемая книга показывает, что благодаря сближению европейских государств и благодаря возможностям новой электронно-вычислительной техники, созданы благоприятные условия для дальнейшего совершенствования этой отрасли статистики, в том числе и в странах с переходной экономикой.
В целом, следует отметить, что ценность и актуальность рецензируемого сборника повышается в связи с отсутствием в России учебника по статистике сельского хозяйства и соответствующего курса в подавляющем большинстве российских вузов. В то же время, адекватное решение на государственном уровне аграрного вопроса невозможно без подготовки специалистов, владеющих методами анализа в указанной области, а также навыками использования имеющейся здесь информации.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ford Runge, Willard Cochrane
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1992, 288 с.
Авторы, являясь высокими специалистами в области аграрной экономики, описывают процесс принятия политических решений в области сельского хозяйства США, программы развития и поддержки сельского хозяйства с анализом их воздействия на экономических агентов и окружающую среду. Книга может быть использована в курсе «Анализ государственной аграрной политики».
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Federico Sturzenegger, Mariano Tommasi, Allan Drazen, Raquel Fernandez, Dani Rodrik, Alberto Alesina, Raúl Laban, Vittorio Grilli, Guillermo Mondino, Andres Velasco, Joshua Aizenman, Shang-Jin Wei, Gerard Roland, Mathias Dewatripont, César Martinelli, Ricardo López Murphy, Alex Cukierman
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998, 362 с.
In this book, Federico Sturzenegger and Mariano Tommasi propose formal models to answer some of the questions raised by the recent reform experience of many Latin American and East European countries. They apply common standards of analytical rigor to the study of economic and political behavior, assuming political agents to be rational and forward-looking, with expectations consistent with the properties of the underlying model.

The book is organized around three basic questions: first, why do reforms take place? Second, how are reforms implemented? And third, which candidates are most likely to undertake reform? Although most of the chapters deal with policy issues in developing economies, the findings also apply to areas such as social security and health care reform in industrialized countries.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Erly C. Teixeira, Luiz A. Cypriano
Durban, 2003
Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project's (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in manufactures production. In all scenarios, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered, expanding MERCOSUL agribusiness exports. Economic growth for the MERCOSUL countries increases only in the MERCOEURO scenarios. The elimination of agriculture production and export subsidies by members of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) and European Union (E.U.) has strong economic impacts on the MERCOSUL member countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Claire Whyley, Claire Callender
Этот отчёт посвящён администрации и персоналу вузов. Цель исследования - собрать информацию об отношениях, опыте и ожиданиях администрации и обслуживающего персонала в высшем образовании. Метод - фокус-группы.
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